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HSP3M. A Review of the Disciplines. What are the Social Sciences?. Anthropology – the study or the origin, the behaviour, the physical, social, and cultural development of humans. What are the Social Sciences?.

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A Review of the Disciplines

What are the social sciences
What are the Social Sciences?

  • Anthropology – the study or the origin, the behaviour, the physical, social, and cultural development of humans

What are the social sciences1
What are the Social Sciences?

  • Sociology – the study of human social behaviour and the institutions and organizations that form society; the study of how groups of people who share common characteristics function

What are the social sciences2
What are the Social Sciences?

  • Psychology – the study of mental processes and human behaviour

The montreal assault
The Montreal Assault

  • See text (p.4) for specific details

The montreal assault1
The Montreal Assault

An anthropologist would ask:

  • How did the environment influence the decisions of the people involved?

  • What violent experiences had there been in this community?

  • Could cultural factors have influenced decisions?

The montreal assault2
The Montreal Assault

A psychologist would ask:

  • Why did people not call for help?

  • Why did they obey their supervisor?

  • What factors led the girl to this location?

The montreal assault3
The Montreal Assault

A sociologist would ask:

  • What factors influenced the decisions of the supervisor, the employees who did not respond, and the employee who did make the 911 call?

  • What were the ethnic or cultural backgrounds of the employees, supervisor, and girl?

  • Were there any factors, such as gender, race, age, or economic status, that might have influenced the assumptions of the supervisor and employees?

The oc transpo killing
The OC Transpo Killing

  • Read the handout of the 1999 OC Transpo murders

  • In groups of 2 explain what main question each discipline would ask to help understand this event

  • Include their explanation based on the information presented in the handout

A psychological explanation
A Psychological Explanation

  • Psychologists would examine his life in detail in order to answer:

    What factors in his personality led Lebrun to commit this crime?

A psychological explanation1
A Psychological Explanation

  • Assume that personality is moulded by a combination of biological factors as well as prior experiences

  • Lebrun had made 50 visits to doctors complaining of stomach cramps, insomnia, depression, diarrhea and other ailments

  • He had suffered from delusions

  • He had been bullied at work for a speech impediment

A sociological explanation
A Sociological Explanation

  • Sociologists would be interested in answering:

    What common sociologic factors are there in the lives of people who have gone on shooting sprees at their former place of work?

A sociological explanation1
A Sociological Explanation

  • Some common characteristics of people who have gone on shooting rampages are:

    - unpopular loner

    - low tolerance for frustration and anger

    - harassed at work

    - low self-esteem

    - own/possess rifles and other guns

An anthropological explanation
An Anthropological Explanation

  • Anthropologists would be interested in:

    What were the values of the culture in which he grew up & later worked?

An anthropological explanation1
An Anthropological Explanation

  • Assumption is that there are factors in Canadian culture and the “subculture” of OC Transpo that encouraged Lebrun’s behaviour

  • Powerful images of violence are widespread in today’s Canadian culture (sports, media, video games)

An anthropological explanation2
An Anthropological Explanation

  • Evidence at the OC Transpo inquest revealed a poisonous environment, characterized by hostility and aggression

  • There was little respect between managers and employees

  • “Macho” behaviour was reported with much talk about women and teasing Lebrun for his stutter

Apply your knowledge

How might an anthroplogist, psychologist and sociologist, explain the following incidents?

A group of thugs attack and injure two men they see coming out of a gay bar

A church group sponsors a refugee family from a war-torn country

Canadian peacekeeping troops put their lives at risk in a foreign country, where a civil war may break out again

Soccer fans overseas riot and get in fist fights with opposing fans after a World Cup qualifying game

Apply Your Knowledge