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Recommendations for Literacy Assessment Practices for ALL Teachers of ELLS That Will Inform Instruction. Why is Assessment Important?. Assessment is a critical part of effective literacy development; therefore, it is important for classroom teachers to know how to evaluate ELL’s progress.
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English Language Learners come to our public schools with vastly different backgrounds. They fall into four categories:
1. Newly arrived students with adequate formal schooling;
2. Newly arrived students with limited formal schooling;
3. Students exposed to two languages simultaneously;
4. Long term English-language learners.
It is critical that teachers identify the purpose for assessing before choosing the assessment instrument to be used.
Teachers can use the language & content standards as the basis for what ELLs ought to know, which in turn can provide the purposes for assessment.
Literacy in English, for ELLs, can be an extension of their identity both in school and at home.
What is a Predictability Log?Why Will the Use of Predictability Logs Help Teachers Better Understand the Types of Literacies ELLs Bring to the Classroom?
Predictability Log Categories to Better Help Teachers Understand their Students’ Literacy Background
Events or experiences that
matter to the student
Aesthetics and ethics
To fairly assess the placement and progress of ELL students and to plan instruction, it is essential to conduct a multidimensional approach of evaluation using a variety of authentic assessment tools, such as:
Teachers should provide ELLs with opportunities to demonstrate knowledge in nontraditional ways. These tools will provide direct insights on the students’ literacy development and showcase students’ progress and accomplishments.
Some ways to consider:
Standardized test should not be modified.
ELLs who engage in self-assessment practice learn how their past learning is helping in developing their new learning.
Responses should be modeled to self-assessment tasks and provide students with group, peer, and finally independent practice.
Note: Code-switching is a natural occurrence that helps ELLs to stress a point or express a concept.