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Open Burning in North Carolina

Open Burning in North Carolina

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Open Burning in North Carolina

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  1. Open Burning in North Carolina

  2. North CarolinaDepartment of EnvironmentAnd Natural Resources

  3. Seven Regional OfficesIn North Carolina

  4. Regional Offices Asheville Regional Office 2090 US Hwy 70Swannanoa, NC 28778Phone: (828) 296-4500Fax: (828) 299-7043 Fayetteville Regional Office 225 Green Street Suite 714Fayetteville, NC 28301Phone: (910) 486-1541Fax: (910) 486-0707 Raleigh Regional Office P.O. Box 27687Raleigh, NC 27609Phone: (919) 571-4700Fax: (919) 571-4718 Mooresville Regional Office 610 E. Center Avenue Suite 301Mooresville, NC 28115Phone: (704) 663-1699Fax: (704) 663-7579 Wilmington Regional Office 127 Cardinal Drive ExtensionWilmington, NC 28405Phone: (910) 395-3900Fax: (910) 350-2004 Washington Regional Office 943 Washington Square MallWashington, NC 27889Phone: (252) 946-6481Fax: (252) 975-3716 Winston-Salem Regional Office 585 Waughtown StreetWinston-Salem, NC 27107Phone: (336) 771-4600Fax: (336) 771-4632 Local Environmental Programs Buncombe County Western NC Regional Air Pollution Control Agency49 Mount Carmel RoadAsheville, NC 28806Phone: (828) 255-5655Fax: (828) 255-5226 Forsyth County Environmental Affairs Dept.537 N. Spruce StreetWinston-Salem, NC 27101Phone: (336) 727-8064Fax: (336) 727-2777 Mecklenburg County Dept. of Environmental Protection 700 N. Tryon Street, Suite 205 Charlotte, NC 28202 Phone: (704) 336-5500Fax: (704) 336-4391

  5. Open Burning Rule • One of NC’s oldest air quality rules • First adopted in 1971 • Regulates outdoor burning • Set conditions for allowable fires • Violators can be fined up to $25,000 per violation or more in serious cases

  6. NC Division of Forest Resources • Responsible for protecting state and privately owned forest land from forest fires • Forest fire prevention • Controlling wildfires • DFR issues open burning permits • DAQ does not issue open burning permits

  7. Local Government • Local agencies and fire officials may have other ordinances • Local ordinances must be no less stringent than the state regulation • Following one agency’s regulation does not guarantee compliance with other agencies • Contact your local agencies prior to any open burning

  8. Why Limit Open Burning? • Smoke from open burning pollutes the air and is unhealthy to breathe • Potential health effects include • Lung and Eye irritation • Headaches, Dizziness • Asthma attacks • Coughing and wheezing and • Even death in some cases

  9. If It Doesn’t Grow, Don’t Burn It • Only leaves, branches and other plant growth can be burned… nothing else – only if public pick-up is not available • It is always illegal to burn trash and other non-vegetative material

  10. Trash, garbage Lumber and Pallets Treated wood Tires Newspapers and other paper products Wire and coated wire Structures – standing or demolished Asphalt shingles Plastics, synthetics Heavy oils Paints Household, agricultural chemicals Never Burn These Materials:

  11. Illegal Burning It is illegal to burn trash or garbage

  12. Illegal Burning It is illegal to burn demolition material

  13. Illegal Burning It is illegal to burn construction material

  14. Allowable Burning • Yard waste – Homeowners/Residential • Land clearing – Grading, building contractors, agriculture, etc… The burning must follow NC Air Quality Regulations

  15. Air Quality Forecast Area

  16. Air Quality Forecast (May 1-September 30) Check the forecast in your area before you burn! www.ncair.org or 888-784-6224 (1-888-RU4NCAIR)

  17. NC Air Awareness • Yard waste • Land clearing debris • Natural disaster material • Fire training (excluding permanent training facilities) DAQ recommends no burningthroughout the rest of the state on code orange, red, or purple days! Code orange, red, or purple days in air quality forecast areas – cannot burn the following

  18. NC Air Awareness • Permanent Fire Training Facilities • Forest management practices • Agricultural practices • Wildlife management practices Practices must be acceptable to the Division of Forest Resources, Department of Agriculture, or Wildlife Management Commission Exceptions to prohibited open burning on code orange, red, or purple days

  19. Burning Yard Waste

  20. Burning Yard Waste • Must originate on PRIVATE residence and be burned on that site • Allowed only if no public pickup available • Leaves, branches, grass clippings, and other plant waste • Does not allow stumps and logs over 6 inches in diameter • Must occur between 8 a.m. and 6 p.m. • Air quality forecast - Code green or yellow • Smoke cannot create a nuisance

  21. Land Clearing Debris

  22. Burning Land Clearing Debris • Only vegetative material such as logs, stumps and large limbs • May use kerosene or diesel fuel to start • Must occur between 8 a.m. and 6 p.m. • 250 feet from public road (Wind Direction – National Weather Service Forecast) • 1,000 feet from occupied structure (not on site) • Air Quality Forecast - Code Green or Yellow • Vegetative Debris must originate on site where burning taking place • Every pile can be considered a separate violation

  23. Setback Exception • Open burning land clearing debris • Allows open burning within 1,000 feet of occupied structures (not on site) • DAQ prior approval required

  24. Setback Exception Process • Responsible party • Burn dates – Begin and end • Burn site information – Location, map & size area • Signed statement waiving objections – Everyone within 1,000 ft. of burn pile(s) • DAQ prior approval required The following information is required:

  25. Is This Legal?

  26. Air Curtain Burner

  27. Air Curtain Burner Requirements • Vegetative material only (On-site) • 250 feet from public road • 500 feet from occupied structure (not on site) • 10% Opacity limit (excluding 45 minute start-up) • Air quality forecast - Code green or yellow • DAQ prior notification and approval required

  28. Fire Fighter Training

  29. Fire Fighter Training • Training exercises at permanent fire training facilities(Under supervision of colleges and fire academies/training centers) No DAQ notification or prior approval required

  30. Fire Fighter Training • Abandoned structures – Extinguish & rescue • Junked vehicles – Extinguish & rescue DAQ notification form & prior approval required

  31. Impermissible Fire Training • Salvageable items, such as insulated wire and electric motors • If the primary purpose of the fire is to dispose of synthetic materials or refuse. • Previously demolished structures

  32. Fire Fighter Training Notification

  33. Meet The Following Conditions • Notification – Regional office (10 days prior to burn – can FAX) • Notification and approval – HHCU/Asbestos (Notification must be postmarked 10 working days prior to the start date. Faxes not accepted) • Change schedule – Notify HHCU in writing prior to original start date and Call DAQ regional office • Air quality forecast - Code green or yellow

  34. Training Objective - Experience

  35. Other Allowable Burning • Campfires • Outdoor cooking • Bonfires for festive occasions • Managing forests or wildlife habitats • Controlling agricultural pests and diseases • Disposing VEGETATIVE storm debris from hurricanes and other naturaldisasters (Requires DAQ prior approval)

  36. Open Burning Compliance • DAQ receives complaint • Investigate complaint • Other investigations/inspections • Fire marshal • Other fire officials • Solid waste officials • Other state/local officials

  37. Other investigations • Here’s what we’d like to know • Materials being burned • How big the pile or area burned is • Pictures of the burning and around the open burning site • Name of violator and any contact information

  38. Enforcement • Document Violation • Issue Notice of Violation • Notice of Recommendation for Enforcement • Civil Penalty Assessment (Up to $10,000 per violation)

  39. Open Burning Alternatives • Compost yard waste • Chip tree limbs • Land clearing debris • Haul to sawmill or pulpwood yard • Chip or tub grind remaining material • Recycle or re-use non-vegetative material • Contact local solid waste facility Call Pollution Prevention www.p2pays.org OR 1-(800) 763-0136

  40. Breathe… Don’t Burn! • Outdoor fires pollute the air • Smoke is unhealthy to breathe • Recycle or properly dispose of waste

  41. Contact Information www.ncair.org Call1-877-OPEN BURN (1-877-673-6287)