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Conventions. The sixth element of the 6 + 1 Writing Traits. What are conventions?. Spelling Punctuation Capitalization Grammar Paragraphing Having correct conventions means that the reader can pay more attention to your creative thoughts and ideas. Spelling . I don’t know how to spell!

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conventions

Conventions

The sixth element of the

6 + 1 Writing Traits

what are conventions
What are conventions?
  • Spelling
  • Punctuation
  • Capitalization
  • Grammar
  • Paragraphing

Having correct conventions means that the reader can pay more attention to your creative thoughts and ideas.

spelling
Spelling

I don’t know how to spell!

I am a bad speller!

You just tell me how to spell it!

These excuses will not work. What should you do if you don’t know how to spell a word?

  • Look it up in the dictionary
  • Ask a friend
  • Look at the resources around you
punctuation
Punctuation

Know the different types of punctuation.

  • period .
  • comma ,
  • question mark ?
  • exclamation point !
  • colon :
  • hyphen –
  • ellipse …
  • parentheses ( )

How are all of these punctuation marked used?

capitalization
Capitalization

When do I use capital letters?

  • Names of people – Christopher Columbus
  • Words used as names – grandpa
  • Titles used as names – President Bush
  • Abbreviations – NFL
  • Proper Nouns – New York City
  • Historical Information – Civil War
  • Organizations - Republican
capitalization continued
Capitalizationcontinued
  • Geographic Names – Agusta, Maine
  • Nationalities – Egyptian
  • Languages – Spanish
  • Titles – Freckle Juice
  • First Words – The sky is blue.
  • Days & Months – Monday, January
  • Holidays – Easter
  • Greetings – Dear Charlie,
  • Closings – Your friend, Margo
grammar
Grammar
  • Check all your sentences.
    • One cool fall day Tom, Bill, and Bobby.
    • One cool fall day Tom, Bill, and Bobby went to go fishing they caught only on fish all day.
      • Do you have sentence fragments or run-on sentences?
  • Do your subjects & verbs agree?
    • Bill walk to the fishing hole.
    • Tom, Bill, and Bobby loves to go fishing.
paragraphing
Paragraphing
  • A paragraph is a group of sentences that concentrate on one topic.
    • Indent each time you begin a new topic.
  • Each paragraph should include a…
    • Topic sentence – tells what the paragraph is about
    • Body – detail sentences that back up the main idea
    • Closing sentence – sums up the big idea
conventions9
Conventions

In order to be good at editing you need to develop an eye for mistakes.

    • Check everything
    • Check it again
    • Read it out loud
    • Have a friend check it
  • It is hard to edit your own paper because you know what you want to say. Although that may not be what is written on the page.
  • Conventions is the most important of the traits.