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American Literature

American Literature

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American Literature

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  1. American Literature Lecture Notes!!

  2. FYI ~Genre(s)= Type of Classification ~Look at Historical Genres ~8 Genres (or historical periods)

  3. I. Colonial Period (1620-1732) Puritan-Calvinist writing (Religious) a. John Winthrop Winthrop’s Journal (1649) b. Ben Franklin (1732) Begins publishing Poor Richard’s Almanack -Autobiography of Ben Franklin -orders his day according to a strict discipline -Manage time efficiently -Set Goals

  4. II. Revolutionary Period (1760’s-1787) ~ 1776-Independence Day ~ 1787-Constitution adopted Writing switches from religious to political (1765) a. Thomas Paine Pamphlet “Common Sense” (1775) -American Independence b. 1776- “Declaration of Independence”-Thomas Jefferson -Started the University of Virginia -believed in creating an intellectual elite

  5. III. Early National Period(1800-1830) A. Washington Irving 1.“Rip Van Winkle”-1819-1820 2.“Legend of Sleepy Hollow”-1819-1820 B. Noah Webster (1828) -1ST. American Language Dictionary C. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow- poet “Paul Revere’s Ride”

  6. IV. American Renaissance(1830-1860) ~ A. Ralph Waldo Emerson - Poet/prose writer “Transcendentalist” Nature (1836) ~ B. Henry David Thoreau (1) Walden (1854) (2) “Civil Disobedience” ~ C. Emily Dickinson Wrote 1400 poems-1850-1860

  7. IV. American Renaissance (1830-1860) Cont. Death was a focus of her poems. Ex: “I heard a fly buzz…” D. Edgar Allan Poe 1830’s-1840’s creator of “Gothic Horror” “The Tell-Tale Heart” E. Nathaniel Hawthorne (1850) Scarlet Letter F. Herman Melville (1851) Moby-Dick G. Walt Whitman (1855) Leaves of Grass H. Harriet Beecher Stowe (1850) Uncle Tom’s Cabin

  8. V. Post Civil War Literature (1865-1910) Writing switches from romantic to realism a. Mark Twain - Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) - Adventures of Huck Finn(1884) b. Henry James (elitist, wealthy) -dual citizenship in England and the United States. -Turn of the Screw -Portrait of a Lady c. Regional Writers (1880’s-1900) -Laura Ingals Wilder (KS) -Little House on the Prairie -Willa Cather (NE) -“Wagner Matinee” -My Antonia -Kate Chopin (LA)-1st feminist -“A pair of Silk Stockings” Awakening=her novel -Jack London- Novels-Call of the Wild, White Fang (Yukon Territory) d. Stephen Crane (1895) The Red Badge of Courage Realism, Naturalism, and French Impressionism

  9. VI. Post WWI Literature(1920’s-1930’s) • Realism Disillusionment • A. Poets • -T.S. Eliot “The Waste Land” • -Robert Frost, ee cumings • B. Novelists 1.Ernest Hemingway A Farewell to Arms 2.William Faulkner- wrote in dialect “The Stream of Consciousness” -The Sound And The Fury (1929) 3. F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby (1925) C. 30’s- Depression -John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath (1939)

  10. VII. Post WWII Period (1940s-Present) A. Playwrights ~Tennessee Williams Glass Menagerie (1944) Streetcar Named Desire (1947) ~Arthur Miller (1940’s) The Crucible Death of A Salesman B. Other Novelists 1. Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man (1952) 2. Truman Capote (1965) In Cold Blood C. Poets 1. Feminists ~ Elizabeth Bishop ~Sylvia Plath ~Anne Sexton

  11. VII. Post WWII Period (1940’s-present) Cont. 2. African American ~Gwendolyn Brooks (50’s-on) ~Maya Angelou ~Lucille Clifton ~Alice Walker ~Toni Morrison

  12. VIII. Science Fiction (1940’s-present) (acknowledge two forerunners to SF: Jules Verne (French) and H.G. Wells (British) 4 American Founding Fathers 1. Isaac Asimov 2. Robert Heinlein 3. Arthur C. Clarke 2001: A Space Odyssey 4. Ray Bradbury: Fahrenheit 451 3 Types of Science Fiction 1. Altered past-time travel machine 2. Intruded upon present 3. Extrapolated future