Safety & Flight Operations PMA209 Industry Day 2013 Mr. Don Evans PMA209 Common Avionics SFO Capability Manager, PMA209 13 March 2013 NAVAIR Public Release 2013-152 Distribution Statement A "Approved for public release distribution is unlimited” Patuxent River MD
Mandates and Requirements Systems Description/Current Efforts Discussion / Take-Aways Topics 2
Mandates and Requirements OPNAVINST 13210.1A Naval Aviation Policy for Aircraft Safety Systems Avionics • Implements direction to comply with Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Navy mishap reduction goals. • Establishes Requirements within 4 Capability areas: • Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) Avoidance • Latest OPNAVINST update will add Degraded Visual Environment as a subset of CFIT • Crash Survivable Recorder (CSR) • Midair Collision Avoidance Capability (MCAC) • Military Flight Operations Quality Assurance (MFOQA) • Requires PMA209 to aggressively seek science and technology and research and development opportunities. 3
CFIT Avoidance Capability TAWS II provides GPWS, TAWS and will incorporate a Digital Vertical Obstruction Database (VOD) for obstacle awareness. TAWS provides GPWS protection while incorporating GPS data and Digital Terrain Elevation Data (DTED) to provide predictive CFIT protection over flat and rising terrain GPWS provides CFIT protection over flat terrain only
CFIT Avoidance Status • GPWS/TAWS integration, utilizing a Government owned algorithm that functions as either GPWS or TAWS, provides CFIT Avoidance. • GPWS Efforts: - MH-60R/S Fleet Introduction in 2011 • - E-2D completed OT • - H-1 DT in progress • TAWS Efforts: - AV-8B Fleet Introduction in 2012 • - T-45 DT complete • - VH-60N integration/test • - VH-3D requirements development • - CH-53K integration/test • - H-1 8.0 development • TAWS II Efforts: - FY12 start; MH-60R/S Lead Platform • - Incorporates NGA Obstruction Database
CSR Capability • CSR Capability has proven to be a valuable source of data for accident investigation and accident prevention measures. • A potential source for aircraft data to support operational and maintenance tasks beyond accident investigations. • Majority of Naval Aircraft do not have a CSR! CSR Efforts: • Currently procuring and fielding K-VADR on CV/MV-22
CSR Status • Evaluating embedded and In-Line encryption techniques to meet Information Assurance (IA) / Data At Rest (DAR) and NSA Certification. • Not all data is unclassified at all times: • Time, Position in Space, Location & Voice Communications Data recorded to CSRs requires encryption. • Utility in future multiuse recorders to meet CSR requirements while providing additional data storage capabilities. • Equipment Monitoring Units • IMD HUMS
MCAC Concept GPS Leveraging Common Aircraft Transponders To provide mitigation of midair collisions, reducing preventable accidents and preserving valuable warfighter assets.. Audio Alerts and Directives Traffic, Alert, and Directive Displays Controls and Aircraft Inputs Emerging capabilities and modern algorithms Military Transponders or CIT Wireless MCAS datalink (ADS-B, M5L2-B) GPS Broadcast
MCAC Program Status • AIR 4.10 sponsored AoA initiated. • MCAC CDD & CONOPS development underway. • MCAC POR starts FY14; H-1/H-60 funded: • Based on ADS-B receive (in) / transmit (out). • Predictive MCAC will initially be advisory in nature: • Use government developed/owned software.
MFOQA Capability Leadership • A knowledge management capability and a software based process hosted on NMCI, ONE-Net, and IT-21 infrastructure. • Identify predictive indicators and trends by analyzing existing data on a regular basis…and correct them before they lead to an aircraft mishap or costly maintenance failure. • Implement behavior, policy & procedure changes to break the chain of causal factor events and eliminate the mishap before it happens. • Funded Platforms: F/A-18C/D/E/F, EA-18G, MH-60R/S, CH-53E, MH-53E, CH-53K, AH-1Z, UH-1Y, T-45C, MV-22B, F-35B/C, P-8A, E-6B, KC-130J, E-2C/D, C-2A Operations Maintenance AME / IMDS Server Safety MFOQA Aircraft Data Training Maintenance Operations Training Safety Provides a source of tangible information to support Maintenance, Operations, Safety and Training decisions and process efficiencies Flight Visualization and Data Analysis for Aircrew and Maintainers Squadron level capability that is scalable to higher echelons
Core Avionics Capability Evolution Roadmaps 2012 Flight Safety Capability Elements Predictive Terrain Awareness Warning Terrain & Obstacle Avoidance Obstacle Avoidance (TAWS II) Improved CFIT Warning (DTED Level II) Degraded Visual Environment (DVE) SA Enhancement Improved Degraded Visual Environment (DVE) Recovery Situational Awareness Crash Survivable Data Recording Limited Memory; Limited User Base; Unique Systems Increased Capacity, Data & Voice Common Crash Survivable Recorder with Multi-Level Security, Data at Rest Protection Crash Survivable Memory Airborne Collision Avoidance See & Avoid; Air Traffic Control; Civil Derivative Aircraft Collision Avoidance Tactical Aircraft Midair Collision Avoidance Capability (MCAC) [FY21] Flight Ops Quality Assurance Operational Readiness Management Platform & Warfighter Preservation Autonomous Risk Identification Enterprise Level MFOQA; Focused Operations Modules Shipboard Recovery Animation; Classified Networked MFOQA Improved Operational Playback and Assessment Tools (MFOQA) Autonomous Risk Identification Algorithms Shipboard Recovery Animation Component Health Monitoring Health & Usage Monitoring; Limited Sensors; Condition Based Maintenance Structural Prognostics & Health Management Wireless Maintenance Information Download Improved Component Performance Analysis Sensor Improvements ADS-B (OUT) Encryption of Data at Rest (2007); OPNAV Safety Systems Policy ((2009) Mandates & Milestones FY: 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Mandate or Milestone Capability Baseline Funded Capability Enhancement Unfunded Potential Capability Development Adv Research Or Tech Dev
Take-Aways • GPWS/TAWS: deployed and successful. DVE is an emerging area that will require additional development. • Recorders: evolving; requires additional research to support encryption. • MCAC: Program starts in FY14 with H-1 and H-60 as the lead platforms. • MFOQA: on track for MS decision and fielding with a RFP planned to support Phase 3 deliveries.