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# CHEM 1011

CHEM 1011. Calorimetry: The Determination of the Specific Heat of a Metal. Calorimetry. Calorimetry – the science of measuring heat transfer. Calorimetry. Principle of Conservation of Energy-

## CHEM 1011

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### Presentation Transcript

1. CHEM 1011 Calorimetry: The Determination of the Specific Heat of a Metal

2. Calorimetry • Calorimetry – the science of measuring heat transfer.

3. Calorimetry • Principle of Conservation of Energy- Energy can neither be created nor destroyed in any process, but can be transferred from one part of a system to another

4. Calorimetry • Calorimeter – device used to measure heat – calorimeter cup and thermometer.

5. Calorimetry • Specific heat – the amount of heat needed to raise temperature of 1 g of a substance 1° C. • Specific heat is an intensive property.

6. Calorimetry • Specific heat values are generally lower for metals and higher for non-metals (see Table 9.1).

7. Calorimetry • When a given mass of a substance undergoes a temperature change, the equation showing the relationship between quantity of heat, specific heat, mass, and temperature change is Q = SH x m x ΔT ΔT = Tfinal - Tinitial

8. Calorimetry • Heat lost by one substance is equal to the heat gained by the other. Qlost = Qgained

9. Conclusions and Calculations

10. Heat Capacity of the Calorimeter • Because calorimeter absorbs heat, must calculate Ccal.

11. Heat Capacity of the Calorimeter • Construct graph and extrapolate maximum temperature.

12. Heat Capacity of the Calorimeter ΔT of cold water and calorimeter = (5) – (3)

13. Heat Capacity of the Calorimeter ΔT of warm water = (5) – (4)

14. Heat Capacity of the Calorimeter Heat lost by warm water = (2) x 1.00cal/gºC x (7)

15. Heat Capacity of the Calorimeter Heat gained by cold water & calorimeter = - (8)

16. Heat Capacity of the Calorimeter Heat gained by cold water = (1) x 1.00cal/gºC x (6)

17. Heat Capacity of the Calorimeter Heat gained by the calorimeter = (9) – (10)

18. Heat Capacity of the Calorimeter Heat capacity of calorimeter, Ccal = (11) / (6)

19. Specific Heat of a Metal Mass of metal = (3) – (2)

20. Specific Heat of a Metal • Construct graph and extrapolate maximum temperature.

21. Specific Heat of a Metal ΔT of cold water and calorimeter = (7) – (5)

22. Specific Heat of a Metal Heat gained by calorimeter and water = [(1) x 1.00cal/gºC x (8)] + [Ccal x (8)]

23. Specific Heat of a Metal ΔT of the metal = (7) – (6)

24. Specific Heat of a Metal Heat lost by the metal = - (9)

25. Specific Heat of a Metal Specific heat of the metal = (11) / [(4) x (10)]

26. Specific Heat of a Metal • According to the Law of Dulong and Petit, SHmetal x gram atomic mass = 6.3 cal/moleºC • Rearranged, it becomes gram atomic mass = 6.3 cal/moleºC / SHmetal

27. Specific Heat of a Metal Atomic mass = 6.3 cal/moleºC / (12)

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