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Infant Development

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  1. Infant Development Normal Development from birth to year 1

  2. Weight • Lose some after birth • 1-2 lbs/month 1st 6 months • 1 pound/month in 2nd 6 months • Birth weight: • Doubled by 6 month • Tripled by 1 yr • 20-22 lbs: average weight of 1 yr old • Heredity, feeding habits, and physical activity

  3. Gross Motor: Coordinated movements with all of body parts • Involve large muscles of body to walk, kick, sit upright, throw etc. • Fine Motor: Involve small muscles of body to enable writing, grasping, fastening clothing, eating etc.

  4. Newborn to Month 1

  5. SIGHT • Blurry at first • Within 1 week can focus 7-10 inches • 1 month focuses objects 3 feet away • By 3.5 months vision almost as good as adult • Prefer patterns with high contrast • Alternating Stripes • Bull’s eyes • Prefer colour red

  6. TASTE AND SMELL • Within 10 days can tell mom’s smell • Distinguishes taste by 2 weeks • Learn about world using mouth

  7. Photos/video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nr6VhcpaQ4Y

  8. 2 months By 2nd month, recognizes object is 3 dimensional (not flat)

  9. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HADrEdgCafI

  10. 3 Months

  11. 4 Months

  12. 3-4 months • Babies begin reaching • Hand-eye coordination • Essential for: • Eating • Catching a ball • Colouring • Tying shoes What toys and/or activities would be good for infants to develop hand-eye coordination?

  13. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6J8r2xO_sTI

  14. 5 Months

  15. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ugpr_3ULLPE

  16. 6 Months

  17. 6 Months • Introduction of sippy cup • Don’t put juice in a bottle • Solids beginning to b introduced • Cereal first • Vegetables THEN fruits • 8-10 months babies start using spoons • Want: Food easy to digest, sufficient calorie and nutrients

  18. 7 Months

  19. 8 Months

  20. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uQmqRIR2YxA

  21. 9 Months

  22. 10 months

  23. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KzEI8z7Q0RU

  24. 11 Months

  25. 12 Months

  26. Gentle Handling of an Infant • Never shake a baby • Shaken Baby Syndrome – severely shaking baby to make them stop crying • Damages the brain • Learning problems • Mental retardation • Blindness • Deafness • Death

  27. Sources • http://www.slideshare.net/jwattenberg/Normal-Development-in-the-First-Year-power-point