Bell Work • Can you answer this riddle? Write your best guess in your notebook. A young lady looked at a picture and said “this person’s mother was my mothers mother-in-law.” Who is in the picture?
Consider… • Are people good or bad by nature? • You must choose one: good or bad • Have 1 example to support your reasoning • Prepare to share
Other opinions… • Thomas Hobbes • John Locke • Magna Carta • Iroquois Confederacy
Hobbes thinks we’re Horrible • Thomas Hobbes • State of Nature: People left by themselves will destroy each other. • Best form of Government: Absolute Monarchy • Divine Right: Monarch is given power by God • State of Nature: how people will act with no government to tell them what to do
Locke thinks we’re Lovely • John Locke • State of Nature: People will support each other. • Natural Rights: Pursue Life, Liberty and Property • Best form of Government: Social Contract • People agree to give up a little freedom to have their rights protected • Government is given power by the people
Magna Carta • King John • Rebel Barons • 2 key phrases: • "No freeman shall be taken, imprisoned, deceased, outlawed, banished, or in any way destroyed, nor will We proceed against or prosecute him, except by the lawful judgment of his peers and by the law of the land.” • "To no one will We sell, to no one will We deny or delay, right or justice."
Bell Work Please answer the following questions about the Iroquois confederacy • Why was it created? • What did it do? • What did we take from it, what didn’t we use?
Consider… • What were 3 complaints colonists had about King George the turd… I mean the 3rd?
Declaration of Independence • Listed Colonists’ problems with the King of England • Examples? • Taxation without representation • Not allowing a trial by jury • Putting soldiers in colonists’ homes • Blocking colony growth
1st Rulebook… • The Articles of Confederation Confederation = states retain their sovereignty (in other words they are their own nation) but work together to deal with certain issues.
Now… • Please take out your “Articles of Confederation” reading • Find 3 other students who read different sections of the Articles • #1 read – state independence, relationship between the states • #2 read – representation in congress, preparing for war • #3 read – Powers of congress • #4 read – Canada, debts of congress, pledge and conclusion • Share the powers you found for State and Congress • You should have 12 STATE powers • 9 CONGRESSIONAL Prepare to share your answers with the whole class
Bell Work • Please show Mrs. V your T chart of State and Congressional powers so she can give you points.
Bell Work: Please copy the powers given to States and Congress under the Articles of Confederation into your “T” chart.
Question to Consider • What was the mindset of the states when they created the Articles of Confederation?
Shay’s Rebellion • Massachusetts had high state debt • increased taxes and demanded debt repayment from citizens • Poor economy = farmers couldn’t sell their products • Their request for help was ignored • Led 1,000+ men to overtake the Massachusetts arsenal • Lasted several months • Nation fears a 2nd Revolution
Changing the Articles • In your groups: • Choose 1 weakness of the Articles • Propose a change to eliminate this weakness • Then answer the following • Does this revision create a new set of problems? • What would a natural rights philosopher (Locke) think of this provision? • How would this provision be evaluated under the social contract theory of government?
Consider • List the objects and people you see in the cartoon • Identify any symbols you may see • Explain the message of the cartoon • Do you think this is an accurate picture of the Constitutional Convention?
NO Bell Work • Agenda • Finish Constitutional Convention Activity • Call Mrs. V over when your group has completed the sheet. • REMEMBER: Parent Signature due TODAY.
Constitutional Convention 1787 The Delegates • 55 men from 12 states • 35 were lawyers • 12 owned slave plantations • 2 were the wealthiest men in the country • It took 3.5 MONTHS
6 Big Questions • Do we keep the Articles or create something new? • If we have a single leader, how do we keep them from having too much power? • How do we divide power between national government and the states? • How do we divide power between the states? • Who will make the laws? • Who will vote?
Answering the 6 Big Questions • Threw out the Articles wrote Constitution • Strong central government BUT… • Federalism = shared power with the sates through Enumerated, Concurrent, and ReservedPowers • 3 Branches with Checks and Balances • President • Commander in Chief BUT army can only be standing for 2 years • Checks from other 2 branches • Congress • Connecticut (Great) Compromise • Bicameral Legislature = 2 parts (House and Senate) • Women, children, and slaves count but can’t vote • 3/5 Compromise • Men with property can vote • Electoral college chooses president • Popular elections for state leaders and House of representatives • State leaders appoint Senators
Consider…. • Choose one of these conflicts from our activity today: • A single leader that won’t become a king. • Representation for large and small states. • Sharing power between national and state governments. • How women, slaves, and children fit into the new government. • Then in 1 paragraph: • Describe the conflict. • Describe how the delegates to the Convention resolved this conflict through compromise.
Bell Work Please copy the following vocab words and their definitions into your notes. • Delegated Powers (aka Enumerated): The powers of National Government specifically written down in the Constitution in Articles I, II, and III. • Example: The power to declare war • Concurrent Powers: Powers held by both the states and the national government. • Example: The power to make laws • Reserved Powers: Powers held only by the states. • Example: State Sales Tax
Please finish copying these down into your notes. • Threw out the Articles wrote Constitution • Strong central government BUT… • Federalism = shared power with the sates through Enumerated, Concurrent, and ReservedPowers • 3 Branches with Checks and Balances • President • Commander in Chief BUT army can only be standing for 2 years • Checks from other 2 branches • Congress • Connecticut (Great) Compromise • Bicameral Legislature = 2 parts (House and Senate) • Women, children, and slaves count but can’t vote • 3/5 Compromise • Men with property can vote • Electoral college chooses president • Popular elections for state leaders and House of representatives • State leaders appoint Senators
Checks and Balances • Take out your copy of the Constitution • Highlight the Titles of Articles I, II, and III • Note that they contain the rules that create our system of checks and balances
Today’s Agenda • Head to the computer lab • Go to: http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/usgovernmentandlaw/branchesofgovernment/ • Watch the video • Answer 1-18 on the worksheet • Complete the Graphic Organizer • #19 on worksheet • Complete the Map *Hand in when finished – must be completed by Wednesday.*
Constitutional Convention How can we meet our need for a strong leader but not have a dictator? A question of Balance
Bell Work • List the objects and people you see in the cartoon • Identify any symbols you may see • Explain the message of the cartoon
How do they make Districts? • Census • Every 10 years districts change if the population has changed
Who are your Popularly Elected Reps? • Who is your state assembly representative? • Who is your state senate representative? • Who are your two Senators? • Who is your Congressman?
How Do I Find This Stuff? • Google It • “voting districts + WI” • Google It • “Who are my representatives + WI”
Electoral CollegeArticle II, Section I A state’s number of electors is = # of reps in the House + 2 Senators • Features • Winner Take All System • 270 To Win • There were several times in history where a candidate won the popular vote but not the electoral vote. • 2000 Bush v. Gore • State Chart • Map
Lets see how it works… • Fast forward to November • YOU get to choose the next president! • Check out their Party Platform • Choose the candidate that fits you • Record your vote on your secret ballot and then pass it forward. Will the electoral college results reflect the popular vote?????
Party Platforms Candidate A Candidate B Would cut taxes for the top 1% but leave taxes the same for the middle class Pro Life Would decrease regulations on business Would say that increasing company profit is more important than protecting the environment Wants to add jobs Lifetime politician • Would raise taxes on the top 1% and cut taxes for the middle class • Pro Choice • Would keep regulations on business at the same level they are now • Would say that protecting the environment is more important than company profits • Wants to add jobs • Lifetime politician
Electoral College – 1st hr 0 2 4 55 50 55 11 7
Electoral College – 4th hr 0 6 7 55 47 58 18 11
Bell Work • Please answer the following in 1 paragraph: • Is the Electoral College a useful way to control the power of the people and stop them from electing a bad leader or is it unnecessary? Should we abolish or keep the electoral college? Why? • Please hand in your answer to the Bell Work AND YOUR checks and balances packet
Electoral College – 6th hr 0 4 6 55 50 55 13 9
Changing the Constitution: 2 Ways Formal = changing the words Propose An Amendment - 2 Ways Congress or the States can propose. Both Houses of Congress must propose the amendment with 2/3 vote. Two-thirds of the State legislatures must call on Congress to hold a Constitutional Convention. 2. Ratify Regardless of how it is proposed, it must be ratified by the States. ¾ of the State legislatures must approve of the amendment ¾ of the states must approve the amendment at conventions. There are 27 amendments to the Constitution. That means the actual contents of the document have changed 27 times in over 200 years! • Look at Constitution, Article V • 2 steps – Propose, Ratify How is this different from the Articles of Confederation?
Changing the Constitution: 2Ways Formal = changing the words Informal = changing how we think and act Supreme Court Interpretations Rulings set precedent • Look at Constitution, Article V • 2 steps – Propose, Ratify
Happy Friday!Today’s Agenda • Correct “Checks and Balances” Worksheet • Correct Federalism Article Wksht
Checks on Supreme Court • Executive • Appoint/nominate justices • Legislative • Impeach • Approve appointments