Waste Minimisation • IS the reduction of waste at source by: • process changes to prevent and reduce waste • substitution of environmentally less harmful materials into processes • efficiency improvements to business processes or activities • recognition of the TRUE COST of waste • Is NOT • external recycling or waste segregation • THAT is waste management
Waste Hierarchy Reduction Re-use RecoveryRecycling Composting Energy Disposal Incineration Landfill S A V I N G S
Waste spot check • Bin capacity/collection frequency • Material reduction • Material reuse • Material recycling • Product design • Packaging
Saving Costs on Waste Bills • Minimise your waste! • Check your waste contracts & bills • Can recycling save you money?
Case Study Spicer Hallfield, Aylesbury Before • Water based glue washed away during cleaning After • Left over glue stored over night for re-use next day • 31% reduction in glue use Savings - £ 4,000 in seven months
Supplier (raw materials or products) Inputs(examples only) Lubricants Labour Heating and lighting Utilities Wastes(examples only) Rejected material Dirty oil Wasted time Packaging Heating and utilities Process Customer
Process Flow • Allocate costs more accurately to a product or process • Identify opportunities for savings • Work through process flow technique • Brainstorm • Speak to staff involved • Source costs for all actions
Service Sector Example Paper Energy Waste Paper CO2 emissions Clean towels Soap/shampoo Used towels Shampoo bottles Soapy water to drain • Improvements: • Electronic booking system • PC switch off/power down • Towel policy • Refillable bottles • Biodegradable products
Process FlowMaking a cup of Coffee INPUTS PROCESS/AREA WASTES Residue in grinder Coffee beans Grind coffee Heat beans Electricity Packaging from coffee beans Filter paper Filter & coffee grinds Coffee machine Water Steam Energy Filter paper Surplus water Cup (paper, polystyrene, ceramic) Used cups Coffee into cup
Improvement IdeasMaking a cup of Coffee • Change of product • Substitution of raw materials • Good housekeeping • Changes in technology • Internal recycling • External recycling
Individual Exercise:Process Flow OR Waste Mapping Process Flow • Map a particular process in your business • Identify inputs and outputs • Draw up a list of improvement ideas to reduce wastes Waste Mapping • Consider what is in your bins! Map the different waste materials and then consider the waste hierarchy – what opportunities are there to reduce, reuse, recycle?
Key points so far • Reasons for making savings • Quick wins • Start to identify areas for savings • Water • Waste • Case studies – real savings
Free Support • Envirowise – Fastrack and counselling visits • www.envirowise.gov.uk • Tel: 0800 585 794 • Netregs - Legislation online @ • www.environment-agency.gov.uk/netregs
Further Help • West Sussex Sustainable Business Partnership.Shelaine Weller – Tel. 01243 756869 Email. email@example.com www.egeneration.co.uk • Crawley Borough Council: Thaddeus DellTel. 01293 438543 Email. Thaddeus.firstname.lastname@example.org • Adur District Council: Natalie Brahma-PearlTel. 01273 263347 Email. email@example.com • Worthing Borough Council: Dale ThompsonTel. 01903 221077 Email. firstname.lastname@example.org • Horsham District Council: Sharon Norman Tel. 01403 215281 Email. sharon.norman@ horsham.gov.uk • Mid Sussex District Council: Karen Picksley Tel. 01444 477489 Email. KarenP@midsussex.gov.uk • Please see the ‘National and Local Support & Advice’ sheet at the back of your pack
Best Practice Guidance Modules • Interactive Business Services • Resource bank (waste exchange) • Environmental Suppliers Directory • Benchmarking Tool • Case Studies • Help & Advice • Links to existing support programmes
Coursework • Record your annual energy, waste & water costs and consumption • Calculate “How much could we save?” page 7 module 1 • Carry out Waste/water spot check • Think about actions • Carry out a Process Flow analysis Bring electricity & gas bills to workshop 2