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U.S. Marine Fisheries Management. Dr. Louis B. Daniel III Director N.C. Division of Marine Fisheries. Regulatory Bodies. Division of Marine Fisheries Marine Fisheries Commission Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission Federal Fishery Management Councils

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U.S. Marine Fisheries Management


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    1. U.S. Marine Fisheries Management Dr. Louis B. Daniel III Director N.C. Division of Marine Fisheries

    2. Regulatory Bodies • Division of Marine Fisheries • Marine Fisheries Commission • Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission • Federal Fishery Management Councils • National Marine Fisheries Service • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

    3. Governing Legislation • Fisheries Reform Act of 1997 (state) • Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (federal) • Atlantic Coastal Fisheries Cooperative Management Act (federal)

    4. Division of Marine Fisheries“Recommenders” • Director’s proclamation authority to implement rules • 321 staff to collect and analyze data to make sound recommendations to the various rulemaking bodies • Very little direct authority • Wildlife Resources Commission • Implement Fisheries Reform Act

    5. Marine Fisheries Commission“Deciders” • Rulemaking authority for coastal waters out to three miles • Approve fishery management plans • Authority laid out in Fisheries Reform Act

    6. Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission • Compact of all east coast states to manage state coastal waters out to three miles • Three members from each state cast a single vote • Member states with a declared interest in a fishery must comply with management measures approved by the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission

    7. Federal FisheryManagement Councils • N.C. membership on both the Mid-Atlantic and South Atlantic councils • Three members from each state with separate votes • Manage species from 3-200 miles offshore in the Exclusive Economic Zone

    8. National Marine Fisheries Service • Federal fisheries councils (Exclusive Economic Zone) • Protected Resources • Highly Migratory Species • Enforcement in the Exclusive Economic Zone

    9. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service • Protected Resources • Anadromous Species • Hatcheries

    10. Technical Advice • Plan development teams • Technical committees • Stock assessment committees • Assessment reviews • Science and Statistics Committee

    11. Public Involvement • Marine Fisheries Commission • Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission • Federal councils • Highly Migratory Species • Protected Resources

    12. Process Example

    13. Fishery Management Plan Measures • Adopted federal and interstate plans by reference to comply with state law • Coordinated state efforts for participation in federal and interstate planprocesses • Set forth public outreach procedures for federal and interstate issues • Improvements • Sustainable stocks • Summer flounder • Spiny Dogfish • Bluefish • Challenges • Weakfish • Snapper-Grouper • Sheepshead Interjurisdictional (23 Species) Completed: September 2002 Amended: June 2008 Initial Status: Varies by Species Current Status: Varies by Species

    14. Fishery Management Plan Measures • Reduced recreational bag limit from five fish to one • Implemented commercial trip limit • Prohibited harvest over 27 inches • Improvements • Two recent stock assessments show North Carolina has achieved a stock rebuilding goal set by Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission in 2002 • N.C. Division of Marine Fisheries in 2007 • Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission in 2009 • Challenges •  Management of a recovering fishery Red Drum Completed: March 2001 Amended: November 2008 Initial Status: Overfished Current Status: Recovering

    15. FMP Measures • No-harvest provision • Allows discretionary fishery for research purposes and to benefit cultural festival • Funding for research • Designation of anadromous fish • spawning areas • Improvements • Research - Albemarle Sound Management Area • Spawning areasurvey • Migration impediment survey • Expanded juvenile sampling, commercial pound netsurvey, water quality monitoring • Challenges • Impacts from harvest closure still unknown River Herring FMP Completed: February 2000 Amended: September 2007 Initial Status: Depleted (Albemarle Sound) Unknown (Other Waters) Current Status: Depleted (Albemarle Sound) Unknown (Other Waters)

    16. Prognosis?