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Public Art at the Boston Public Library. Distinguishing Greatness: Sue Doherty, Brockton High School, 2005. Private Art. What is Public Art?.

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Public Art at the Boston Public Library


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    1. Public Art at the Boston Public Library Distinguishing Greatness: Sue Doherty, Brockton High School, 2005

    2. Private Art

    3. What is Public Art? “Permanent or temporary physical works of art visible to the general public, whether part of a building or free-standing. For example, sculpture, lighting effects, street furniture, paving, railings and signs.” UK: Government Planning Portal

    4. What is the purpose of public art? “Public Art enhances the quality of life by helping to define and formulate responses to social, economic, cultural and political issues faced by a community. Public Art contributes to cross-cultural understanding, and a sense of ownership and responsibility towards one's community. In its broadest definition, Public Art inspires community understanding, pride and creativity, and benefits the growth and development of the individual and community life. At its best, Public Art is more than simply art integrated, installed or performed in a public place; rather it is a community-based process of dialogue, involvement, and participation. In many instances, Public Art has become a major source of identity for a community.” California Arts Council

    5. Much public art is in the form of monuments and memorials A Monument is a statue, building, or other edifice created to commemorate (memorialize, honor) a person or event. A memorial is an object served as a memory of something, usually a person (who has died) or an event. This memorial in England lists the names of soldiers who died in the First World War. The "Monument to the Discoveries" in Lisbon, Portugal, commemorates famous Portuguese explorers.

    6. Purposes of monuments and memorials • To commemorate a person or event • To impress and awe • To convey historical and political information about a culture • To educate the people • To define a public space

    7. Murals and large paintings are another popular form of public art. A mural is a painting on a wall, ceiling, or other large permanent surface. A mural can be purely aesthetic (pleasing to look at) or serve a broader commemorative, inspirational, educational, political, or other purpose.

    8. Challenges of public art

    9. Public Art at the BPL • Predominantly sculpture, statues, and murals. • Based on an “American Renaissance” concept: “a collaborative of the ablest architects, painters, and sculptors achieving a harmony of the arts in an edifice proclaiming native pride and the public elevation of taste.” • McKim personally selected and commissioned famous, recognized artists of the time to complete some works for the library; other works were donated. • The mission of the library as a place of learning and inspiration is evident in much of the art work. • Some of the work became quite controversial.

    10. Science and ArtBela L. Pratt, 1911

    11. Sir Henry VaneFrederick MacMonnies

    12. Jesus and Lucifer Horatio Greenough

    13. Detail of busts

    14. Memorial LionsLouis Saint-Gaudens

    15. The Puvis De Chavannes Murals, 1893-1896Main Panel: Les Muses Inspiratrices Acclament Le Genie, Messager de Luimiere

    16. The Puvis De Chavannes Murals, Smaller Panels • Physics • Pastoral, Dramatic, & Epic Poetry • History, Astronomy, & Philosophy • Chemistry

    17. Venetian Lobby

    18. Bates Hall

    19. Quest of the Holy Grail, 1895Edwin Austin Abbey

    20. #1: Galahad is chosen

    21. #2: Galahad goes forth

    22. #3: Galahad and The Seat Perilous

    23. #4: Setting out on the search for the Holy Grail

    24. #5: Galahad finds the Castle of the Grail

    25. #6: Galahad is cursed by three damsels for failing his first test

    26. #7: Galahad fights the Seven Deadly Sins

    27. #8: Galahad receive the keys to the Castle of the Maidens

    28. #9: Galahad is welcomed by the maidens

    29. #10:Galahad leaves his bride on their wedding knight

    30. #11: Galahad returns to the Castle of the Grail

    31. #12: Galahad leaves in honor

    32. #13: Galahad sails to Sarras

    33. #15: Galahad receives the Grail

    34. Bacchante and Infant Faun Frederick MacMonnies, 1893

    35. Banned in Boston, 1896 She’s “a menace to the Commonwealth!” And “a memorial to the worst type of harlotry!”

    36. Bacchante returns, 1993

    37. The Sargent Gallery: Triumph of ReligionJohn Singer Sargent, 1895-1919

    38. diagram

    39. North CeilingPagan Gods, 1895

    40. North, West, and East Walls, 1895 Israelites Oppressed Frieze of Prophets

    41. South WallDogma of the Redemption, 1903 • Trinity • Crucifix • Frieze of Angels

    42. South CeilingMysteries of the Rosary, 1916

    43. West WallMadonna of Sorrows, 1916

    44. East Wall, Handmaid of the Lord, 1916

    45. East WallFall of Gog and Magog, 1916

    46. West WallHell, 1916

    47. East WallIsrael and the Law, 1916