Mare Nostrum . Mare Nostrum was the Roman name for the Mediterranean Sea, an inter-continental sea situated among Europe, Africa and Asia.
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Mare Nostrum was the Roman name for the Mediterranean Sea, an inter-continental sea situated among Europe, Africa and Asia.
It represents a real connection for the Mediterranean basin territories. It is considered as the main scene of the history and culture of the western countries.
Rome had a strategic position due to its climate and its geographical nature.
By the end of the VI century b.C., the Romans became more powerful thanks to their rule over the whole Mediterranean Sea.In 260 b.C. the Romans faced their first sea battle against Carthage, the major naval and commercial force of that period, carrying off a victory and achieving complete mastery of the inland sea.
Whilethe Romans werethe indiscussedMediterraneanmasters, the pirateswerestrongerthaneverbecause of theirmainactivity of slavestrade.
When the piratesbeganto damage the Roman tradesby sackingtemples and towns, the Romans reactedcruelly. In factpiratesattackscaused a lack of wheatsupplies with the consequentincrease of prices.
Throughout their history, the Romans were great knowers of the art of building ships, applying sophisticated and innovative techniques in mechanics, hydraulics and naval architecture.
The Romansused a particularmilitaryboardingdevice, called corvus or harpago, in naval warfare.a system of pulleys allowed the raising up and lowing down of this bridge.
Spikes shaped as birds’ beaks pierced the enemy ship's deck, thus allowing a firm gripping.
As the Roman navalskillsdeveloped, the corvusdevicewaslessusefulland thenitwasused no more.
During the Imperial period was used an extraordinary
typological variety of ships from vessels for short and
medium-length coastal voyages, to large merchant ships,
including a range of vessels for fishing, auxiliary ships and
other particular functions.
Their names depended on their origin and hull shape such
as corbita, gaulus, ponto, cladivata.
From a technical point of view, however, there was a certain
typological homogeneity among these vessels as a
consequence of the exchanges across the mare nostrum.
The Albenga wreck was a Roman cargo ship found at 42m depth, excavated and investigated in 1950. The ship was probably capable of carrying 10,000 amphorae.The ship sank in the waters of Albenga in the 1st century BC. These were full of Campanian wine together with pottery and crockery.
It is the largest known Roman freighter ever found in the Mediterranean.
The Romans imported:
-amber from the Baltic Sea -silks and damasks from the Chinese-blown glass from the Phoenicians-parchment from Pergamon-perfumes, cosmetics and textiles from the Anatolian-an alloy of gold and silver from Lydia-iron from Poland
They also needed timber, coal, wool, cotton, spices.
All these goods were transported mainly by ships across the