SALZBURGER ANSTÖßE 2007 PERSPEKTIVEN DER ARBEIT. Salzburger Anstöße 2007 - Perspektiven der Arbeit.
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PERSPEKTIVEN DER ARBEIT
Every nation and every man instantly surround themselves with a material apparatus which exactly corresponds to their moral state, or their state of thought. Observe how every truth and every error, each a thought of some man’s mind, clothes itself with societies, houses, cities, language, ceremonies, newspapers. Observe the ideas of the present day…see how each of these abstractions has embodied itself in an imposing apparatus in the community, and how timber, brick, lime, and stone have flown into convenient shape, obedient to the master idea reigning in the minds of many persons… It follows, of course, that the least change in the man will change his circumstances; the least enlargement of ideas, the least mitigation of his feelings in respect to other men…would cause the most striking changes of external things.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1838 (1887). ‘War’ (Lecture delivered in Boston, March 1838). Reprinted in: Emerson’s Complete Works, vol. XI. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 177.
KEY DETERMINANTS OF INNOVATION IN SCIENCE AND POLICYPersonal developmentMultiplicities of worldviewComprehensive exploration of innovative ideasRisk taking, expanding the frontiers
Determinant 1: Personal development
1) Personal development and scientific development are two sides of the same coin.
2) A change in feeling and thought of scientists leads to a transformation of the science they produce, and this in turn leads to a change of policy.
Where does the change come from?
The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe, is as good as dead: his eyes are closed.
Determinant 2: Multiplicities of worldview
Example: The assumption in neoclassical economics that human beings are purely self-interested.
Imagine what would happen to science (and our lives) if we had a different image as a starting point, for example, if instead of seeing ourselves as maximizers, we would perceive the different impulses that influence us in any given moment. What if we are not purely self-interested but our decisions oscillate between a spectrum of impulses ranging from pure self-interest to altruism? What if it is up to us to choose which impulses we wish to follow in any situation?
Determinant 3: Comprehensive exploration of innovative ideas
One-stop Centre for benefits/ employment information
Certificate Acquired knowledge
Social Certificate/Public Procurement/ social clause
Transition into work with benefits
Networks & Communities
Networks of skills as opposed to networks of misery; mixed networks
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