The Cold War 1945-1991. Cold War. The Cold War was a time after WWII when the USA and the Soviet Union were rivals for world influence. YALTA (in the USSR) Date: Feb 1945 Present: Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin. Yalta Conference: Start of United Nations. What is the United Nations?.
Date: Feb 1945
Roosevelt and Stalin
What is the United Nations?
Date: July 1945
Truman and Stalin
The Truman Doctrine in March 1947 promised that the USA “would support free peoples who are resisting” communism.
This led to containment – policy of containing communism where it is.
USA’s plan to send food, blankets, fuel to Europe to help them. AND to keep them from turning communist.
This American cartoon (1947) shows Marshall (on the left) telling 'Uncle Sam' - i.e. the American nation - 'Come on Sam! It's up to us again.'
The idea is that the rich Americans, having won the Second World War, are now going to prop up the crumbling edifice of European freedom again –
seeing as the prop labelled 'self help' is not stopping it from collapsing.
of 1949 about the
Marshall Plan represents
America as a generous 'dad', teaching his clumsy son 'Europe' to support himself economically.
The caption says:
'he's finally getting the hang of it'.
Through the Marshall Plan, the U.S. poured money into rebuilding Western Europe after the ravages of war. Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin refused to allow the
Eastern European nations to join the Marshall Plan and announced in its place a Council for Economic Mutual Assistance. The Soviet Union had no intention of underwriting the costs of recovery, and the plan existed primarily as a propaganda device.
1949: Canada, USA, Belgium, Britain, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, and Portugal
9. In what ways was the Marshall Plan the economic component of containment? How well did it work?
10. Why did the US initiate the Berlin Airlift in 1948? What were the effects of this move?
11. List the original members of N. A. T. O. What was the purpose of this alliance?
12. Why was HUAC created?
13. Who were the "Hollywood 10?" Why was Hollywood a target of anti-communist investigations by Congress in the 1950s?
14. What factors combined to create the anti-communist paranoia that led to the national mood that allowed the rise to prominence of Senator Joseph McCarthy?
15. How did McCarthy exploit the existing mood of hysteria? What sorts of tactics did he use in his attacks on alleged subversion?