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Ladders and Stairs. Hazards of ladders. Falls Slips Reaching too far Weather. 1a. Hazards of ladders. Oil or grease on a ladder Not secure Contact with electricity Objects that fall from ladders. 1b. Hazards of stairs. Clutter Slippery surfaces Damage. 1c. Hazards of stairs.

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Presentation Transcript
hazards of ladders
Hazards of ladders
  • Falls
  • Slips
  • Reaching too far
  • Weather

1a

hazards of ladders3
Hazards of ladders
  • Oil or grease on a ladder
  • Not secure
  • Contact with electricity
  • Objects that fall from ladders

1b

hazards of stairs
Hazards of stairs
  • Clutter
  • Slippery surfaces
  • Damage

1c

hazards of stairs5
Hazards of stairs
  • Poor lighting
  • Unsafe work practices

1d

osha regulations
OSHA regulations
  • General industry - 29 CFR 1910.24 through .27
  • Construction - 29 CFR 1926 Subpart X

3a

terms used in general industry regulations
Terms used in general industry regulations
  • Ladder
  • Stepladder
  • Type 1 - Industrial stepladder
  • Type 2 - Commercial stepladder

4a

terms used in general industry regulations8
Terms used in general industry regulations
  • Type 3 - Household stepladder
  • Single ladder
  • Extension ladder
  • Fixed ladder

4b

terms used in general industry regulations9
Terms used in general industry regulations
  • Individual-rung ladder
  • Rail ladder
  • Cage
  • Well

4c

terms used in general industry regulations10
Terms used in general industry regulations
  • Ladder safety device
  • Grab bars
  • Pitch

4d

terms used in construction regulations
Terms used in construction regulations
  • Portable ladder
  • Fixed ladder
  • Individual-rung/step ladders
  • Job-made ladder

4e

terms used in construction regulations12
Terms used in construction regulations
  • Single-cleat ladder
  • Double cleat ladder
  • Step stool

4f

portable ladder specifications for general industry
Portable ladder specifications for general industry
  • Materials used in the construction
  • Length restrictions
  • Spacing between rungs/steps
  • Width between side rails

5a

portable ladder specifications for general industry14
Portable ladder specifications for general industry
  • Non-skid
  • Limits on overlap of sections on extension ladders
  • Stepladder spreaders or locking devices

5b

portable ladder specifications for general industry15
Portable ladder specifications for general industry
  • Materials used in the construction
  • Length restrictions
  • Spacing between rungs/steps
  • Width between side rails

6a

portable ladder specifications for general industry16
Portable ladder specifications for general industry
  • Non-skid
  • Stepladder spreaders or locking devices
  • Load-carrying capacities

6b

portable ladder specifications for general industry17
Portable ladder specifications for general industry
  • Materials used in the construction
  • Load limitations
  • Rungs and cleats
  • Spacing between rungs/steps

7a

portable ladder specifications for general industry18
Portable ladder specifications for general industry
  • Length of rungs/steps
  • Clearance around the ladder
  • Use of cages, wells, landing platforms, ladder safety devices

7b

portable ladder specifications for general industry19
Portable ladder specifications for general industry
  • Grab bars
  • Step-across distance to the landing
  • Pitch or angle of the ladder

7c

fixed ladder specifications for the construction industry
Fixed ladder specifications for the construction industry
  • Load limitations
  • Side rails
  • Non-skid
  • Clearance around the ladder

8a

fixed ladder specifications for the construction industry21
Fixed ladder specifications for the construction industry
  • Use of cages, wells, ladder safety devices, self-retracting lifelines
  • Grab bars
  • Step-across distance to the landing

8b

safety devices for fixed ladders in construction
Safety devices for fixed ladders in construction
  • Safety devices/support systems must be capable of withstanding a drop test consisting of an 18-inch drop of a 500-pound weight
  • Safety device must be activated within 2 feet after a fall occurs

9a

safety devices for fixed ladders in construction24
Safety devices for fixed ladders in construction
  • Safety device must limit the fall velocity of a worker to 7 feet/sec or less
  • Connection between the carrier/lifeline and the point of attachment to the harness must not exceed 9 inches

9b

safety devices for fixed ladders in construction25
Safety devices for fixed ladders in construction
  • Employees must be able to use the device leaving both hands free for climbing

9c

ladder inspection
Ladder inspection
  • Inspect ladders frequently
  • Portable metal ladders must be inspected immediately if it tips over
  • Construction ladders are inspected by a competent person

10a

ladder inspection27
Ladder inspection
  • Follow manufacturer’s guidelines for inspection
  • Include inspections in preventative maintenance schedules

10b

precautions for safe ladder use
Precautions for safe ladder use
  • Inspect the ladder for defects before using it
  • Select a ladder with adequate length and load limits
  • Do not use metal ladders near electrical lines

11a

precautions for safe ladder use29
Precautions for safe ladder use
  • Use ladders for their intended purpose
  • Set up the ladder on a firm, solid surface
  • Keep ladders secured/barricaded

11b

precautions for safe ladder use30
Precautions for safe ladder use
  • Keep areas around the top and bottom of the ladder clear
  • Open stepladders fully, and lock the spreaders
  • Set up straight ladders using the 4-to-1 rule

11c

precautions for safe ladder use31
Precautions for safe ladder use
  • Face ladders when ascending/descending
  • Use both hands to grip the side rails whenever possible
  • Only one person on a ladder at a time

11d

precautions for safe ladder use32
Precautions for safe ladder use
  • Don’t stand on the top 2 steps of a stepladder
  • Don’t stand on the top 4 rungs of a straight ladder
  • Never move a portable ladder with someone on it

11e

precautions for safe ladder use33
Precautions for safe ladder use
  • Hoist material up to you when you’ve reached the top of the ladder
  • Work within the side rails
  • Store ladders in designated areas

11f

maintenance
Maintenance
  • Remove ladders with structural defects, corrosion, or defective parts from service
  • Tag ladders “Do Not Use”

12a

maintenance35
Maintenance
  • Repair ladders to the original design
  • Have qualified personnel make repairs

12b

staying safe on stairs
Staying safe on stairs
  • Eliminate slippery conditions
  • Clean up spills
  • Keep free of ice and snow
  • Ensure proper lighting in stair areas

13a

staying safe on stairs37
Staying safe on stairs
  • Use handrails
  • Always walk up and down stairs - don’t run

13b

staying safe on stairs38
Staying safe on stairs
  • Make sure you can see over materials you are carrying on a stairway
  • Report unsafe conditions

13c

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