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Markham Woods Middle Music History. Part 1 The Middle Ages or Medieval Period. Medieval Period: Time Span. From: the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 To: the early fifteenth century Approximately 1425

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markham woods middle music history

Markham Woods MiddleMusic History

Part 1

The Middle Ages or

Medieval Period

medieval period time span
Medieval Period: Time Span
  • From: the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476
  • To: the early fifteenth century
    • Approximately 1425
    • There was not an exact end to the Medieval Period as different parts of the world transitioned at different times.
  • What was before the Medieval Period?
medieval period the music
Medieval Period: The Music
  • Church Music
    • Most all music in this time period was written for church and religious ceremonies
    • Most of the music from this period that still exists was written anonymously
    • Vocal music was dominant as instruments were usually used for accompaniment
medieval period the music1
Medieval Period: The Music
  • Music as Entertainment
    • Most musicians were property of their king or country’s ruler
    • Most secular music of the time was composed and performed as a means of cultural influence by the king or ruler to impress their subjects and visiting dignitaries
    • Much of the “royal” music was for dance
    • Composers had very little expressive freedom
medieval period the instruments
Medieval Period: The Instruments
  • Bagpipes
    • Believed to be developed by herdsmen
medieval period the instruments1
Medieval Period: The Instruments
  • Dulcimer
    • From the Greek dulce melos: sweet sound
    • A stringed instrument either plucked or played with spoon like hammers
medieval period the instruments2
Medieval Period: The Instruments
  • Gemshorn
    • From the flute family
    • Made from an ox horn
medieval period the instruments3
Medieval Period: The Instruments
  • Harp
    • Most ancient stringed instrument
medieval period the instruments4
Medieval Period: The Instruments
  • Shawm
    • Predecessor to the modern oboe
    • Uses an internal cain reed
medieval period the instruments5
Medieval Period: The Instruments
  • Hurdy-Gurdy
    • Hand crank stringed instrument
    • Change notes by pushing keys
medieval period the instruments6
Medieval Period: The Instruments
  • Percussion
    • Drums are the earliest of instruments
medieval period the composers
Medieval Period: The Composers
  • Pope Gregory
    • Created the plainchant, later named the “Gregorian Chant”
medieval period the composers1
Medieval Period: The Composers
  • Hildegard von Bingen - 1150
    • Ordo Virtutum (Play of Virtues)
      • A play of 16 virtues versus evil
      • Each of the 16 virtues is represented by a different voice in
      • plainchant style - monophonic
medieval period the composers2
Medieval Period: The Composers
  • Alfonso el Sabio: King of Castile & Leon
  • “He Who Gladly Serves”
  • Percussion and Wind Instruments
medieval period the composers3
Medieval Period: The Composers
  • Francesco Landini
    • “Behold Spring”
      • Polyphonic