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Windows 7 Deployment Overview. 100 Level – Windows 7 Deployment By: Ed Horley ed@pacitpros.org Date: March 2010. Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported. Disclaimer!. I am NOTan expert on deploying Windows 7 (I am a networking engineer for god sakes!)

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windows 7 deployment overview

Windows 7 Deployment Overview

100 Level – Windows 7 Deployment

By: Ed Horleyed@pacitpros.org

Date: March 2010

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

disclaimer
Disclaimer!
  • I am NOTan expert on deploying Windows 7 (I am a networking engineer for god sakes!)
  • This is an overview of material from multiple Microsoft and other online resources
  • The links are provided for the content – read it!
  • We hope to have a follow up in the next two months that goes into a lot more depth
windows 7 deployment
Windows 7 Deployment
  • Key Points:
    • Windows Automated Installation Kit 2.0 (Windows AIK 2.0)
      • Supports file-based disk imaging
      • Better scaling multicast support
    • Windows Deployment Toolkit (Not covering)
    • Deployment Scenarios
    • Application Compatibility
new for windows 7
New for Windows 7
  • Windows System Image Manager
    • included in the AIK 2.0
  • Windows Setup
    • Updated, it is now Setup.exe
  • Sysprep
    • included natively, not a separate download
  • Windows Preinstallation Environment
    • included in the AIK 2.0
  • Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM)
    • command-line tool - consolidates Package Manager, PEImg, and Intlcfg
new for windows 76
New for Windows 7
  • ImageX
    • command-line tool - can mount multiple images simultaneously and do interim saves
  • Windows Imaging
    • file based images allowing editing
  • DiskPart
    • mount virtual hard disk (.vhd) files offline
  • User State Migration Tool (USMT 4.0)
    • migrate user settings from old OS to Windows 7 - included in the AIK
some terminology
Some Terminology
  • Answer file
    • New xml file that scripts the setup and installation settings for Windows 7
    • Either called: Unattend.xml or Autounattend.xml
  • Image-based setup
    • Applying an image of an OS to a system
  • Deployment share
    • A folder that contains the source files for Windows products that you install
  • Master computer
    • A master image machine that is set up as needed to capture and build the master image
some terminology8
Some Terminology
  • Master Image
    • Files and folders that were captured from a master installation, has OS, apps and anything else you want to add
  • Master Installation
    • A Windows 7 install on a master computer that is used to build the master image
  • Package
    • A group of files that Microsoft provides to modify Windows 7 features
  • Windows Image file
    • A compressed file containing all the files and folders to make a Windows installation (file-based) - .wim file type
deployment options
Deployment Options
  • Most standard deployments or migrations will make use of AIK 2.0
  • The AIK 2.0 has most of the tools you need to do a variety of deployment options – download it
  • If you are doing a large volume rollout then you should use MDT (Not going to cover that in this presentation)
  • The User State Migration Tool is included in the AIK and allows you to migrate user settings – important if keeping user settings is a deal breaker in deploying Windows 7
windows 7 deployment enhancements
Windows 7 Deployment Enhancements

IMAGING

DELIVERY

MIGRATION

SOLUTIONS

Deployment Image Servicing and Management

Add/Remove Drivers and Packages

WIM and VHD Image Management

Windows Deployment Services

Multicast

Multiple Stream Transfer

Dynamic Driver Provisioning

User State Migration Tool

Hardlink Migration

Offline File Gather

Improved user file detection

Microsoft Deployment Toolkit

Application Compatibility Toolkit

Microsoft Assessment and Planning

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

ed s short list of what looks interesting
Ed’s short list of what looks interesting
  • Delivery:
    • Windows Deployment Services
      • Multicast Enhancements
      • Dynamic Driver Provisioning
  • Migration:
    • User State Migration
  • Solutions:
    • Application Compatibility Toolkit
windows deployment services
Windows Deployment Services
  • Update to Remote Installation Services (RIS)
  • Replacement for other multicast push solutions like Ghost
  • Uses TFTP to download network boot programs and images
  • Uses Multicast Multiple Stream Transfer
  • Has Dynamic Driver Provisioning
wds multicast enhancements
WDS - Multicast Enhancements
  • Multiple Stream Transfer
    • Multiple bands to broadcast images to clients
    • Optimized rates per client connection
  • Client Auto Removal
    • Slower clients can be dropped to unicast or entirely (only in standard multicast)
  • Boot Image Multicast
    • Windows PE boot images can use multicast (clients with EFI)

Fast

Medium

Slow

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

multicast
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

Transmission

First client joins “transmission”

Clients

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

multicast15
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

Transmission

Waiting for other clients to join…

Clients

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

multicast16
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

Transmission

Transmission begins…

Clients with multiple transfer speeds

  • Medium
  • Fastest

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

multicast17
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

Transmission

Additional clients join stream

Clients with multiple transfer speeds

  • Medium
  • Slowest
  • Medium
  • Fastest

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

multicast18
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

Transmission

More clients to join

Clients with multiple transfer speeds

  • Fastest
  • Fastest
  • Medium
  • Medium
  • Medium
  • Slowest
  • Medium

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

multicast19
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

First clients complete. Second broad-cast begins. One client removed.

Clients with multiple transfer speeds

  • Medium
  • Medium
  • Medium
  • Slowest
  • Medium

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

multicast20
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

Last clients complete…

Clients with multiple transfer speeds

  • Medium
  • Medium
  • Slowest

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

multicast21
Multicast

WDS Server

Multicast

All clients complete.

Transmission ends.

Clients

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

wds dynamic driver provisioning
WDS - Dynamic Driver Provisioning

WDS Server

ImagesDrivers

  • Driver targeting to match drivers to hardware
  • Reduces image size and centralizes deployment driver management

Client

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

user state migration tool
User State Migration Tool
  • Hardlink Migration
    • Enables local file migration without copying or moving files
    • Processes migration jobs in third of the time or less
  • Offline User State Capture
    • Capture during Windows PE phase to improve speed
  • Volume Shadow Copy
    • Capture files even while they are in use
  • Improved File Discovery
    • Reduces XML customization need

Attribution- Microsoft TechEd 2008/9 Win7 Deployment by James Dent

deployment scenarios
Deployment Scenarios
  • Upgrade Computer
    • Upgrade from Vista SP1 to Windows 7 – only upgrade option to Windows 7
  • New Computer
    • New OS on a new computer - clean
  • Refresh Computer
    • Similar to New Computer – restores old user state and file info
  • Replace Computer
    • User State Migration from old OS to new Windows 7 – systems can be side by side during the process
application compatibility
Application Compatibility
  • Five primary tools to deal with Application Compatibility issues
    • Program Compatibility Assistant
    • Program Compatibility Troubleshooter Wizard
    • Application Compatibility Toolkit (ACT)
    • Windows XP Mode
    • Application Virtualization
resource links
Resource Links
  • General references:
    • Deploying Windows 7: Essential Guidance from the Windows 7 Resource Kit and Microsoft TechNet
      • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=EE2A1D38-88A9-43B3-95BC-7E962F0B6030&displaylang=en
    • Microsoft Deployment Toolkit
      • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=3BD8561F-77AC-4400-A0C1-FE871C461A89&displaylang=en
    • Windows Automated Installation Kit
      • http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=696dd665-9f76-4177-a811-39c26d3b3b34&displaylang=en
contact info
Contact Info

Ed Horley ed@pacitpros.org

Blog: www.howfunky.com

Twitter: twitter.com/ehorley

about ed horley
About Ed Horley
  • Ed Horley is a Sr. Network Engineer for Peak IP Solutions, a Cisco Advanced UC, Advanced Security and Premier Certified Partner, Microsoft Gold Partner and VMware VAC and VIP enterprise Partner specializing in IP telephony, Security and Data Center Networking.
  • Ed is a current Cisco TSS and a 6 time awarded Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP). He graduated from the University of the Pacific in 1992 with a BS in Civil Engineering.
  • When he is not playing on network gear you can find him out on the lacrosse field as an Umpire for Women's Lacrosse. He is currently married to his wonderful wife Krys and has two children, Briana and Aisha. He lives and works in Walnut Creek, CA.