The Colonists Rebel Site of the Boston Massacre: A circle of cobblestones marks the site of the Boston massacre. In the background stands the Old State House, built in 1713
Primary & Secondary Sources • Primary sources:Accounts of an event that were recorded at the time of the event. Examples include: pictures, artifacts, diaries, letters, speeches, autobiographies, journals, newspapers, business records, songs or poetry, and government documents. • Secondary sources:Accounts of an event recorded at a different time, by people not directly involved. Examples include: History textbooks, biographies, internet articles of historical events (not written by someone at the event.)
The Boston Massacre Boston Massacre, a print by Paul Revere: The Boston Massacre (1770) pitted British soldiers against local workers and resulted in the death of five men. The event galvanized many towards the cause of independence from the British.
The Boston Massacre • On March 5, 1770, a group of angry colonists surrounded some British soldiers in Boston. • The soldiers became frightened and shot into the crowd. • They killed five people.
The Committees of Correspondence • Was a way that the colonies could share news and work together. • Samuel Adams formed the first Committees of Correspondence in 1772. • Members wrote letters to each other about events. • The letters were carried by “express riders.”
The Boston Tea Party The Destruction of Tea at Boston Harbor, by Nathaniel Currier: In 1773, colonists dressed as Mohawk Indians threw 342 chests of tea belonging to the British East India Company into Boston harbor. They were protesting a tax on tea and a perceived British monopoly.
The Boston Tea Party • Parliament passed the Tea Act that forced the colonists to pay a tax on British tea. • And they ordered that the East India Tea Company was the only company to sell tea to the colonies. • The colonists were very upset with this act. • They refused to allow British ships to unload tea in any colonial ports.
Boston Tea Party • On December 16, 1773, members of the Sons of Liberty went onto three ships and they dumped the cargo of tea into Boston Harbor. • That was the Boston Tea Party! • http://www.history.com/topics/boston-massacre/videos#the-sons-of-liberty-and-the-boston-tea-party
Liberty Kids • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pt8MmmLLHJY
Punishment for Boston • Britain passed new laws that punished the colonists for what happened at Boston. • Soldiers returned to Boston. • General Thomas Gage was put in control of Boston. • The British closed Boston Harbor until the people paid for the ruined tea. • The colonists called these new laws – The Intolerable Acts.
Patriot or Loyalist? • If you supported British rule….. …..you were a Loyalist. • If you were against British rule….. …..you were a Patriot.
The Continental Congress • He first Continental Congress met in Philadelphia in September 1774. • The Congress decided to stop trade with Britain until the Intolerable Acts were repealed. • They also decided that all colonies should train militias (a volunteer army). • Some militias called themselves minutemen. (They could be ready to fight in a minute’s notice!)
“Give Me Liberty, or Give Me Death!” • Patrick Henry said this famous line in a speech in at the House of Burgesses Richmond in 1775. • He warned the militias that there would be a war between Britain and the colonies. • Patrick Henry- Give me Liberty or give me Death - TeacherTube
Schoolhouse Rock • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PBBTF0Wg7dY