1 / 22

230 likes | 333 Views

Finding Mass of an Astronaut in Space.

Download Presentation
## Finding Mass of an Astronaut in Space

**An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation**
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.
Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only.
Download presentation by click this link.
While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.

E N D

**Finding Mass of an Astronaut in Space**This device consists of a spring-mounted chair in which the astronaut sits. The chair is then started oscillating in simple harmonic motion. The period of the motion is measured electronically and is automatically converted into a value of the astronaut’s mass, after the mass of the chair is taken into account. The spring used in one such device has a spring constant of 606 N/m, and the mass of the chair is 12.0 kg. The measured oscillation period is 2.41 s. Find the mass of the astronaut. (students work this.)**Example 1 The Wavelengths of Radio Waves**AM and FM radio waves are transverse waves consisting of electric and magnetic field disturbances traveling at a speed of 3.00x108m/s. (What is this number?) A station broadcasts AM radio waves whose frequency is 1230x103Hz and an FM radio wave whose frequency is 91.9x106Hz. Find the distance between adjacent crests in each wave.**16.2 Periodic Waves**Example 1 The Wavelengths of Radio Waves AM and FM radio waves are transverse waves consisting of electric and magnetic field disturbances traveling at a speed of 3.00x108m/s. A station broadcasts AM radio waves whose frequency is 1230x103Hz and an FM radio wave whose frequency is 91.9x106Hz. Find the distance between adjacent crests in each wave.**16.2 Periodic Waves**AM FM**Problem**• Light travels at 3 * 10 8 m/s. Sound travels at 331 m/s. • If lightning strikes 8.2km away from you, how long passes before you see it? • How long passes until you hear it? • (students work this.)**Problem**• Light travels at 3 * 10 8 m/s. Sound travels at 331 m/s. • V = d/t => t = d/v • If lightning strikes 8.2km away from you, how long passes before you see it? • t = d/v = 8200m / 3 * 10 8 m/s • How long passes until you hear it? • t = d/v = 8200m / 331 m/s • (students work this.)**Problem**• So you see lightning hit 1 mile away, how many seconds do you count before you hear it? • (students work this.)**Problem**• So you see lightning hit 1 mile away, how many seconds do you count before you hear it? • t = d/v = 1609m / 331 m/s • So each 5 sec is about 1 mile away. • Each 1 sec is about 3 football fields away. • (Talk about military timing of artillery and nukes.)**THE PRINCIPLE OF LINEAR SUPERPOSITION**When two or more waves are present simultaneously at the same place, the resultant disturbance is the sum of the disturbances from the individual waves.**Constructive Interference**• Two waves, a and b, have the same frequency and amplitude • Are in phase • The combined wave, c, has the same frequency and a greater amplitude**Destructive Interference**• Two waves, a and b, have the same amplitude and frequency • They are half a cycle out of phase • When they combine, the waveforms cancel**Reflection of Waves – Fixed End**• Whenever a traveling wave reaches a boundary, some or all of the wave is reflected**Reflection of Waves – Fixed End**• Whenever a traveling wave reaches a boundary, some or all of the wave is reflected • When it is reflected from a fixed end, the wave is inverted • The shape remains the same**What happens when a wave interferes with its own reflection?**• Sometimes we get standing waves.**The a string will only allow certain wavelengths to be**standing waves. • Because the endpoints need to be nodes. • For a string with two fixed ends, • λ= 2L / n n = 1, 2, 3, 4 …….

More Related