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Bell Ringer 8-25-14

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  1. Bell Ringer 8-25-14 • What are the two main political parties in the United States?

  2. Answer • Democrats and Republicans

  3. Third Party Systems

  4. What is a Third Party? • Third parties often focus on issues the main parties (democrats & republicans) ignore. • Third-party candidates can split the major party with which they are most similar, leading to the other major party's victory.

  5. Populist Party • Populist Party – established in 1890s; comprised of poor farmers from the south; generally opposed to banks, railroads, and upper class;

  6. Populist Party • William Jennings Bryan was the most popular populist candidate.

  7. Progressive Party • Progressive Party – formed in 1912 as a result of a split in the Republican Party • Also known as the “Bull Moose Party”

  8. Progressive Party • Theodore Roosevelt most popular candidate

  9. Closing Task • Examine the populist and progressive parties. • You will complete the following: • You will create a poster, your poster will signify the impact of third parties in the US. • Make sure to include facts about the populist party and the progressive party. • Use your notes and page 107-111 pg the Jarrett Book. • Your poster must be in color. • IT IS DUE AT THE END OF CLASS.

  10. Third Party Systems How did the Third Party system impact the US? Explain. Progressive Party: What was it? Why were they significant? Populist party: What was it? Why were they significant?

  11. Bell Ringer 8-26-14 • After analyzing the title of the book, what do you think is the definition of a Muckraker?

  12. 8-26-14

  13. Muckrakers • Muckrakers –are authors that published truthful reports involving social issues

  14. Group Assignment • Match the correct reformer to its description. You have 7 minutes to complete this task as a group. • Once complete you will be responsible for the following: • Each group member will be assigned a reformer. • You will answer the following questions about your assigned reformer: • Describe the occupation of this reformer • What impact did this reformer have on American society? • Is the reformer a Muckraker? Explain why/why not. • Susan B. Anthony (123) • Ida B. Wells (114) • Upton Sinclair (113) • WEB Dubois (114) You have 7 minutes to complete this task individually.

  15. Round Robin • You are now responsible for sharing your reformer with your group members: • You will be given 4 minutes to share your reformer with your group members • You will be given 7 minutes to write down the information shared by your group members.

  16. 8-26-14

  17. Make sure the material on your handout is correct! If you need to add information, now is the time!

  18. Upton Sinclair • Upton Sinclair – an author wrote “The Jungle” which exposed the conditions in the U.S. meat packing industry, causing a public uproar and leading to the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act

  19. Upton Sinclair

  20. Pure Food and Drug Act • Pure Food and Drug Act – was passed for preventing the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated ,misbranded, poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines, and liquors, as well as for regulating traffic • The government passed this law in response to Upton Sinclair’s work The Jungle

  21. Susan B. Anthony • Susan B. Anthony – American reformer and leader of the women’s suffrage (voting) movement

  22. Ida B. Wells • Ida B. Wells – American reformer and leader in the anti-lynching (hanging) crusade

  23. W.E.B. DuBois • W.E.B. DuBois – helped found the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People). • He encouraged a liberal arts education for African American civil rights leaders.

  24. Question: The publication of The Jungle by Upton Sinclair in 1906 was instrumental in getting the members of congress to- • Enact stronger anti-trust laws • Support conservation of public land • Establish a system of meat inspection • Legalize strikes by labor unions

  25. Closing Task • I will create a newspaper article describing and identifying the following reformers: • Reformers: • Susan B. Anthony (371, 422) • Ida B. Wells (371, 383) • Upton Sinclair (430, 443) • WEB Dubois (384, 421, 442, 501) • You will answer the following questions in your article: • Who is this person? (what DID THEY DO FOR A LIVING?) • Evaluate THE impact they made on American society.

  26. Bell Ringer 8-27-14 • What impact did this book make on United States History?

  27. Answer • It made people push the government to pass the Pure Food and Drug Act.

  28. Video links • Ida Wells • • Susan B. Anthony • • Upton Sinclair • • W.E.B DuBois • Fcorte pass: fc3927

  29. Closing Task • Pick two U.S. History topics and create an acrostic poem. • Topics: Freedom, The West, Gilded Age , Progressive Era • MUST BE IN COLOR DO NOT USE YOUR NOTEBOOKS OR BOOKS!

  30. Bell Ringer 8-28-14 • What impact has technology made on the U.S.? Important Bell Ringer!!

  31. Answer • Impact on the nature of work • Innovations in technology contributed to longer workdays and higher levels of production (assembly line manufacturing). • Light bulbs enabled factories to remain open at night. • Impact on business • Patents gave individuals and companies exclusive rights over inventions. • Allowed businesses to reduce cost, become more flexible, and meet consumer demands.

  32. Transportation • Automobiles increase the ability to travel distances and created new jobs • Mass transportation such as cable cars and subway systems facilitate access to jobs, retail, and  recreation • Raised standard of living allowed people to have more housing and employment choices • Electric light • Longer work day • Improved quality of life by bringing light into dark homes and tenement buildings • Communication • Access to information – telephone, telegraph, computers, radios, televisions, Internet, cellular, and satellite technology

  33. Understanding Text • Individually read/skim the handout on Jane Addams and Francis Willard. • 5 Minutes

  34. Group Work • As a group write a sentence about each individual. • Pick a speaker for your group • You will present your findings to the class.

  35. Terms for you to Understand: • Social: of or relating to society or its organization • Political: of or relating to the government or the public affairs of a country • Economics: financial considerations; economically significant aspects • the social science concerned with the production and consumption of goods and services and the analysis of the commercial activities of a society.

  36. Jane Addams • Jane Addams – co-founder of Hull House which helped new immigrant women with job skills, educational, and artistic programs to become successful and productive citizens • Her goal was to provide a center for a higher civic and social life; to institute and maintain educational and philanthropic enterprises and to investigate and improve the conditions in the industrial districts of Chicago.

  37. Frances Willard • Frances Willard promoted the cause of women and reform as a pioneer educator and especially as the most prominent leader of the nineteenth century movement to end alcohol abuse. (Prohibition) • Frances Willard – suffragette and member of the WCTU (Women’s Christian Temperance Union)

  38. Closing Task 8-28-14 • You are to create a fake facebook profile for Jane Addams and Frances Willard • The profile must include the following: • 1.) A profile picture • 2.) 2 status updates on something that the individual might have said • 4. Create an about me section and answer the following questions: • What was their political contribution to America during the Progressive Era? • What was their social contribution to America during the Progressive Era? • What was their economic contribution to America during the Progressive Era?

  39. 14b • Identify • ROLES OF GOVERNMENTAL ENTITIES AND PRIVATE CITIZENS IN MANAGING THE ENVIRONMENT • Including, but not limited to: • John Muir helped persuade Theodore Roosevelt to set aside 148 million acres of forest reserves and over 50 wildlife sanctuaries and several national parks. The National Park Service is a U.S. federal agency that manages all national monuments and parks.

  40. 23c • Explain • HOW PARTICIPATION IN THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY REFLECTS NATIONAL ETHOS, PATRIOTISM, AND CIVIC RESPONSIBILITY AS WELL AS OUR PROGRESS TO BUILD A "MORE PERFECT UNION." • Including, but not limited to: • Right to vote, participation in various levels of politics, recall, referendum • Right to assemble • Writing Congressional representatives