socrates n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
SOCRATES PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
SOCRATES

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

SOCRATES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 174 Views
  • Uploaded on

The only good is knowledge and the only evil is ignorance The unexamined life is not worth living Socrates engages would be learners in elenctic argument to make them aware of their own ignorance and enable them to discover for themselves the truth the teacher had held back.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'SOCRATES' - liz


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
socrates

The only good is knowledge and the only evil is ignorance

The unexamined life is not worth living

Socrates engages would be learners in elenctic argument to make them aware of their own ignorance and enable them to discover for themselves the truth the teacher had held back.

Nehams, A. (1998) The Art of Living. Berkley and Los Angeles: University of California p. 63

SOCRATES

Principles of adult learning

historical background
Historical background
  • Born 470 BC
  • Lived during Golden Age of Greece
  • Serves with valour in Peloponnesian War
  • Married, 8 children
  • Declared wisest man by Oracle at Delphi
  • Is put on trial
socrates on trial
Socrates on Trial

Typical Athenian youth

group questions
Group Questions
  • What might be a possible questioning path for Socrates if the youth’s situation was complicated by the fact that it was a friend who offered to sell him the chariot?
  • ‘I know nothing except the fact of my ignorance.’ Why do you think that this was a basis for Socrates’ teaching methods?
  • ‘The unexamined life is not worth living.’ How do you think this fits into teaching methodology today?
  • What do you believe is the difference between a teacher and a student?
  • What value do you think society places on education and learning?
1 knowledge of his limitations
1. Knowledge of his limitations
  • Socrates was wiser than the wisest because he knew his limits – he knew that he did not know,
  • while others (politicians, poets, artisans) mistakenly thought they did.
  • Known knowns
  • The unknown knowns
  • The known unknowns
2 power of dialogue
2. Power of dialogue
  • Socrates puts an enormous amount of faith in the power dialogue
  • Back and forth linguistic to find truth
  • Public and communal
  • A dialogue is perhaps best understood as a focused attempt by a group of speakers to solve a limited number of problems or to answer a few questions.
  • Importance of engaging listener in dialogue rather than talking at them.
virtue
Virtue
  • He believed virtue was knowledge;
  • that no one does wrong willingly, but only out of ignorance; and that
  • it is better to be wronged than to wrong someone else.
  • These ideas, particularly the last, which bars retaliation, were quite foreign to the conventional public culture of Athens at the time.
  • Through education people become virtue
rational argument
Rational Argument
  • Socrates emphasized rational argument, concern with one’s soul, and the search for definitions of ethical ideas.
  • As important as these ideas was his method of engaging in argument, which often involved an ironic stance towards the claims of his interlocutors, known as Socratic irony.
socrates teaching style
Socrates teaching style
  • Through his method of powerfully questioning his students, he seeks to guide them to discover the subject matter rather than simply telling them what they need to know.
  • Similar to Daniel’s Developmental perspective by which learners experience a change in the quality of their thinking rather than the quantity.
  • Students develop new and enhance understanding and cognitive structures to move beyond their original thinking.
socrates teaching style1
Socrates' teaching style
  • ‘Effective teachers, therefore must be able to build bridges between learners’ present way of thinking and more desirable ways of thinking.’

Daniel D. Pratt ‘Alternative Frames of Understanding’ in Daniel Pratt (ed.) (1998) Five Perspectives on Teaching in Adult and Higher Education Kreiger: Malabar pp. 46- 47

implications for educational leaders
Implications for educational leaders
  • Socrates implemented a new way of teaching despite opposition.
  • Leaders shouldn’t let opposition get in the way of change that improves schools
  • He opposed the status quo and leaders shouldn’t accept the way things are.
  • Leaders should challenge the way things have been done.