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Socrates - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Socrates

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  1. Socrates

  2. Socrates (469-399 B.C.E.) • Socrates never wrote his ideas. He debated with others to figure out the meaning of “wisdom,” “virtue,” “beauty,” “piety,” etc. • His pupil, Plato wrote dialogues with Socrates as the character.

  3. The Apology • Socrates is tried for blasphemy and “corrupting the youth.” • Socrates defends himself at his trial.

  4. Socrates’ friend asks the Oracle who is the wisest. • The oracle says, “Socrates is the wisest.” • Socrates is baffled. How could he be the wisest if he knows very little?

  5. He wants to know who is “wise” and what “wisdom” means. • He asks • Politicians • Poets • Craftsmen

  6. But all these people are pretty arrogant: they say they know things, but when pressed, they don’t know what “wisdom” means.

  7. But all these people are pretty arrogant: that is, they say they know things, but when pressed, they don’t know what “wisdom” means. ARROGANCE STOPS ONE FROM INQUIRY.

  8. But all these people are pretty arrogant: that is, they say they know things, but when pressed, they don’t know what “wisdom” means. ARROGANCE STOPS ONE FROM INQUIRY. INQUIRY IS THE GREATEST VIRTUE.

  9. But all these people are pretty arrogant: that is, they say they know things, but when pressed, they don’t know what “wisdom” means. ARROGANCE STOPS ONE FROM INQUIRY. INQUIRY IS THE GREATEST VIRTUE. A DESIRE TO INQUIRE REQUIRES THAT YOU REALIZE THAT YOU ARE IGNORANT.

  10. Socrates irritates people because he points out that they should think they’re ignorant. • So the people find Socrates guilty.

  11. He is banished from Athens.

  12. He is banished from Athens. • Socrates is bummed. • How can he be free to practice philosophy outside his home town (the greatest city?) • Banishment means he can’t practice philosophy FREELY. i.e. he can’t inquire where he wants to, or to whomever he wants to. • If you, put a limit on philosophical inquiry, it means you’re not doing philosophy.

  13. Socrates says: Inquiry is the best way to live. • “The unexamined life is not worth living.”

  14. Plato’s Symposium describes how Socrates gathers his friends, discusses philosophical questions about life and death. • He drinks Hemlock.