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U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science. Distributed Science at Department of Energy. www.science.doe.gov/ascr. Dan Hitchcock Daniel.Hitchcock@science.doe.gov 8/16/2005. What is the Office of Science?. The Office of Science is the primary source of support for the Physical Sciences .

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U s department of energy s office of science

U.S. Department of Energy’sOffice of Science

Distributed Science at Department of Energy


Dan Hitchcock



U s department of energy s office of science

What is the Office of Science?

  • The Office of Science is the primary source of support for the Physical Sciences.

    • Provides over 40% of federal support to the physical sciences (e.g. 90% of High Energy & Nuclear Physics, 60% of Catalysis, 25% of Nanoscience)

    • Provides sole support to select sub-fields (e.g. nuclear medicine, heavy element chemistry, magnetic fusion)

    • Manages long term, high risk, multidisciplinary science programs to support DOE missions.

    • Directly supports the research of 15,000 PhDs, PostDocs and Graduate Students.

  • Constructs and operates large scientific facilities for the U.S. scientific community.

    • Accelerators, light & neutron sources, nanotechnology research centers.

      • Used by more than 19,000 researchers every year.

    • Infrastructure support for ten Science laboratories.


Office of science vision
Office of Science Vision

Scientific Discovery Through 21st Century Computation

National Security, a Clean Environment & Energy Security Through Basic Research


Science and Technology Capabilities

Revolutionary New Materials Through


Uncovering the Origins of Time and Matter

  • Begin construction of ITER to demonstrate the feasibility of fusion energy.

  • Improved hydrogen production, storage, and use

  • New materials for lighter weight vehicles, more efficient engines, more efficient photovoltaic cells.

  • Harnessing microbes, microbial communities, and other organisms to produce energy, sequester carbon, and remediate hazardous waste sites.

  • Spallation Neutron Source: improved materials.

  • Hands-on experience in science and math research for K-14 teachers; enhancement of the diversity of the scientific workforce.

  • Protein Production and Tags Facility: mass produce proteins from microbial genomes, identify and tag them to harness microbes for DOE missions, e.g.: hydrogen production, carbon sequestration, bioremediation.

  • Linac Coherent Light Source: Stop action imaging of chemical reactions; structure determination of single molecules.

  • Develop computer architectures and leadership class machines that will dramatically improve hardware performance on DOE scientific problems.

  • Develop scientific simulation codes to fully exploit the capabilities of terascale computers for DOE problems.

  • For Simulation of:

    - Climate

    • Nano-Materials

    • Protein Folding

    • Cell Functions via Genomics: GTL

    • Origins of Mass (QCD)

    • Quark-Gluon Plasma

    • Burning Fusion Plasma

    • Combustion

  • Five Nanoscale Research Centers linked to large scientific research instruments at the DOE National Labs to enable:

    • High Efficiency energy storage & conversion.

    • Miniature sensors.

    • Nanocatalysts with enhanced specificity and reactivity.

    • Novel materials that are light weight, strong and conductive.

    • Low cost, high-efficiency photovoltaic cells.

    • Low activation materials for high-temperature applications

  • Understand the origins of the Universe:

    - Mass

    • Accelerating Universe/Dark energy

    • Dark Matter

    • Dominance of Matter over Anti-matter

    • Gravity

  • Create the quark-gluon plasma that existed immediately after the “Big Bang”, providing fundamental insights into the evolution of the early universe.

  • Understand the nature of Quarks and Gluons: internal structure of protons and neutrons.


Ascr program overview
ASCR Program Overview

…simulation…distributed teams,

of complex systems remote access to facilities


National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)

Leadership Computing Facility (LCF)

Research and Evaluation Prototypes

Energy Sciences Network (ESnet)

Research to enable…





  • • Network Environment

  • Scientific Applications

  • Genomes to Life

  • • Nanoscience

  • Materials

  • • Chemistry

  • • Combustion

  • • Accelerator

  • • High energy Physics

  • Nuclear physics

  • • Fusion

  • • Climate

  • • Astrophysics

  • Biology

  • • Applied Mathematics

  • Computer Science

  • Nanoscience

  • Grid enabling research


• Integrated Software Infrastructure Centers

(Mathematicians, computer scientists, application scientists, and software engineers)

High Performance Computing and Network Facilities for Science


Network environment research
Network Environment Research


  • End-to-end performance

    • Multi-domain

    • Ultra high-speed transport protocol

    • Network measurement and prediction

  • Cyber security

    • scalable distributed authentication and authorization systems

    • Ultra high-speed network components

  • High-Performance Middleware

    • Network caching and computing

    • Real-time collaborative control and data streams

    • Fault-tolerance, error detection/correction

  • Integrated testbeds and networks

    • Network research to accelerate advanced technologies

    • Experimental deployment of high-impact applications


Workshops and reports www sc doe gov ascr
Workshops and Reports www.sc.doe.gov/ascr/

  • High Performance Network Planning Workshop, August 2002

    • http://www.doecollaboratory.org/meetings/hpnpw/

  • Blueprint for Future Science Middleware and Grid Research and Infrastructure, August 2002

    • http://www.nsf-middleware.org/MAGIC/default.htm

  • DOE Science Network Meeting, June 2003

    • http://gate.hep.anl.gov/may/ScienceNetworkingWorkshop/

  • DOE Science Computing Conference, June 2003

    • http://www.doe-sci-comp.info

  • Science Case for Large Scale Simulation, June 2003

    • www.pnl.gov/scales/

  • Workshop on the Road Map for the Revitalization of High End Computing

    • http://www.cra.org/Activities/workshops/nitrd/

  • Cyberinfrastructure Report

    • http://www.cise.nsf.gov/evnt/reports/toc.htm

  • ASCR Strategic Planning Workshop

    • http://www.fp-mcs.anl.gov/ascr-july03spw

  • ASCR Strategic Plan, July 2003

    • http://www.sc.doe.gov/ascr/ASCRstrategicplan073004final.pdf

  • HECRTF Plan, April 2003

    • http://www.sc.doe.gov/ascr/20040510_hecrtf.pdf