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Wash hands with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Wash hands with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds. Clean all surfaces and utensils with hot water and soap, including cutting boards, counter tops, peelers and knives that will touch fresh fruits or vegetables before and after food preparation.

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Presentation Transcript
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Wash hands with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds.
  • Clean all surfaces and utensils with hot water and soap, including cutting boards, counter tops, peelers and knives that will touch fresh fruits or vegetables before and after food preparation.
slide3
Rinse fresh fruits and vegetables under running tap water, including those with skins and rinds that are not eaten.

Scrub vegetables, like potatoes, with a clean vegetable brush while rinsing with running tap water.

slide7
SEPARATE raw, cooked, and ready- to-eat foods while shopping, preparing or storing foods.
use different cutting boards

… and a separate one for fresh produce.

Use different cutting boards

Use one cutting boardfor raw meat, poultry and seafood …

slide9

What is Foodborne Illness?

  • A sickness that results from eating foods that are contaminated with pathogens.
  • Common symptoms include: diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever, headache,

and vomiting.

  • Consequences can be severe and may lead to hospitalization or even death.
how many people in the united states get sick each year from food they eat
How many people in the United States get sick each year from food they eat?
  • 76 million people become sick from foodborne illnesses
  • 5,000 people die
some possible signs and symptoms

Fever

Diarrhea

Upset stomach

OOPS!

Dehydration (sometimes severe)from losing bodily fluids

Vomiting

Some possible signs and symptoms
foods held at danger zone
FOODS HELD AT DANGER ZONE

41 - 135

Max: 2 hours

undercooked foods
UNDERCOOKED FOODS

EGGS SHOULD BE COOKED TO A MINIMUM OF 145 for at least 15 seconds. If hot-held, 155 for 15 seconds.

you can t stick a thermometer into a fried or scrambled egg how do you know when it s done
You can’t stick a thermometer into a fried or scrambled egg. How do you know when it’s done?

Eggs are safely cooked when the yolks and whites are firm and not runny.

unsafe food is caused by
Unsafe food is caused by:

Chemical Contaminants

Physical Contaminants

Biological Contaminants

biological contaminants
Biological Contaminants

Viruses

Parasites

Fungi

Bacteria

biological bacteria pathogens
Biological: Bacteria/Pathogens
  • Microorganisms that can cause disease.
tcs foods
TCS foods

Foods requiring TIME and TEMPERATURE

CONTROL

For

SAFETY

slide33

high in moisture

cooked foods

slide34

LOW IN

ACIDITY

slide37

FAT TOM

F.A.T.T.O.M. explains what allows foodborne pathogens to grow.

slide38

F

OOD

Moist protein-rich foods, such as meat, milk, eggs and fish, are potentially hazardous. That is, they are most likely to cause foodborne illness because they are a food source for pathogenic bacteria and can support growth of these bacteria.

slide39

CIDITY

A

Bacteria grow best in an environment that is neutral or slightly acidic. Most bacterial growth is inhibited in very acidic conditions. That is why acidic foods, like vinegar and fresh fruits (especially citrus), seldom provide a favorable climate for pathogenic bacteria. Most bacteria will not grow at pH levels below 4.6 because the environment is too acidic.

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Pathogenic microorganisms reproduce by cell division.

One becomes two.

Two become four.

Four becomes eight.

When foods are held in the TEMPERATURE DANGER ZONE (TDZ) (40° to 140°F) for more than two hours, pathogens will have multiplied to such high levels in the food, eating this food will make people ill rapidly.

T

I

M

E

a multiplication quiz
A multiplication quiz

The number of bacteria can double in 20 minutes!

How many bacteria will grow from1 BACTERIAleft at room temperature 7 hours?

answer 2 097 152
Answer: 2,097,152!

Refrigerate perishable foods within TWO hours!

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T

EMPERATURE

Microorganisms grow and reproduce quickly between the temperatures of 40° and 140°F (5° to 57° c) . One important rule of food safety is to limit time that foods are in the DANGER ZONE – NO MORE THAN 2 HOURS.

Keep foods refrigerated (below 41°F) until it is time to cook.

Cool left over foods quickly.

danger zone
DANGER ZONE

Bacteria multiplyrapidly between 41 – 135 F.

2 hour time limit

the two hour rule
The TWO-hour rule

Refrigerate perishable foods so TOTAL time at room temperature is less than TWO hours

(Only ONE hour when temperature is above 90°F)

slide46

O

  • XYGEN

Most microorganisms need oxygen (air) to grow. When foods such as meat, spaghetti sauce or vegetables are canned, oxygen is excluded from the environment. Therefore, growth of bacteria are controlled and the food is preserved. Such foods are shelf stable and do not require refrigeration until they are opened.

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OISTURE

M

Bacteria, yeast, and molds multiply rapidly with a high water activity level.

Meat, produce and soft cheeses are examples of foods with a high moisture content.

Foods preserved with salt or sugar, such as beef jerky or jams and jellies have a lower moisture content because salt and sugar deprive microorganisms of water and inhibit their reproduction. 

Pathogens have difficulty growing in foods such as dry noodles, flours, candies and crackers.

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Wash your hands!

Handwashing is the most effective way to stop the spread of illness.

slide55

Sneezing, blowing nose & coughing

Handling pets

Using bathroom orchanging diapers

AND before ...

Touching a cut or open sore

Handling food

Wash hands after …

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Rinse

Wash

Sanitize

Air Dry

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Sanitizing solution for cleaning

1 Tablespoon Bleach to

1 gallon HOT water

Solution must sit

on surface for

minimum of 7 sec.

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FIRST IN

FIRST OUT

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SERVING FOOD

Hold dishes by bottom or edge of plate.

Hold glasses by bottom of cup,

do not touch the rim of the glass.

Do not touch the eating part of the silverware

Hold by the handles.

Wear food gloves if handling food.

Never scoop ice with your hands. Use tongs or a serving scoop.

slide71

Consumer Alert: Salmonella-contaminated cantaloupe

  • Source: wpxi.com
  • A warning has been issued about contaminated cantaloupe. The outbreak that has killed two people and sickened 141 in 20 states, including a couple of people here in Pennsylvania.
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http://youtu.be/m9KmZdhCvow

  • http://youtu<iframe width="560" height="315" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/m9KmZdhCvow" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>.be/m9KmZdhCvow