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Chapter 5 – Enterprise Analysis. 14% of the exam 24 questions. Carol Pattyn 6/18/13. Definition. Enterprise Analysis

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chapter 5 enterprise analysis

Chapter 5 – Enterprise Analysis

14% of the exam 24 questions

Carol Pattyn 6/18/13

definition
Definition

Enterprise Analysis

Describes the Business Analysis activities necessary to identify a business need, problem, or opportunity, define the nature of a solution that satisfies the identified need, and justify the investment necessary to deliver the solution. Enterprise analysis outputs create context to requirements analysis.

tasks
Tasks

5.1 Define Business Need

5.2 Assess Capability Gap

5.3 Define Solution Approach

5.4 Define Solution Scope

5.5 Define Business Case

Mnemonic = NGASC : No GAS for Cooking

5 1 define business need
5.1 Define Business Need
  • Inputs
    • Requirements (Stated)
    • Business Goals and Objectives
  • Elements
    • Business Goals and Objectives (SMART)
    • Business Problem or Opportunity
    • Desired Outcome
5 1 define business need1
5.1 Define Business Need
  • Techniques
    • Benchmarking
    • Brainstorming
    • Business Rules Analysis
    • Focus Groups
    • Functional Decomposition
    • Root-Cause Analysis
    • Business Capability Analysis
    • Collaborative Games
5 1 define business need2
5.1 Define Business Need
  • Stakeholders
    • Consumer or Supplier
    • Domain SME and End User
    • Implementation SME
    • Regulator
    • Sponsor
  • Outputs
    • Business Need
5 2 assess capability gap
5.2 Assess Capability Gap
  • Inputs
    • Business Need
    • Enterprise Architecture
      • POLDAT: Process, Organization, Location, Data, Applications, Technology
    • Solution Performance Assessment
  • Elements
    • Current Capability Analysis
    • Assessment of New Capability Requirements
    • Assumptions
5 2 assess capability gap1
5.2 Assess Capability Gap
  • Techniques
    • Document Analysis
    • SWOT Analysis
    • Business Capabilities Analysis
5 2 assess capability gap2
5.2 Assess Capability Gap
  • Stakeholders
    • Customer or Supplier
    • Domain, Implementation SME’s
    • End Users
    • Sponsor
  • Output
    • Required Capabilities
5 3 determine solution approach
5.3 Determine Solution Approach
  • Inputs
    • Business Need
    • Organizational Process Assets
    • Required Capabilities
  • Elements
    • Alternative Generation (optional)
    • Assumptions and Constraints
    • Rank and Select Approaches
  • Agile: Agile development is a solution approach that provides a faster delivery of value, supports incremental delivery and allows for a different bargain regarding solution determination.
5 3 determine solution approach1
5.3 Determine Solution Approach
  • Techniques
    • Benchmarking
    • Brainstorming
    • Decision Analysis
    • Estimation
    • SWOT Analysis
    • Feasibility Analysis
    • Purpose Alignment Model
5 3 determine solution approach2
5.3 Determine Solution Approach
  • Stakeholders
    • Customer
    • Domain SME
    • End Users
    • Supplier
    • Implementation SME
    • Sponsor
  • Output
    • Solution Approach
5 4 define solution scope
5.4 Define Solution Scope
  • Input
    • Assumptions and Constraints
    • Business Need
    • Required Capabilities
    • Solution Approach
  • Elements
    • Solution Scope Definition
    • Implementation Approach
    • Dependencies
  • Agile: Scope evolves during course of development, defined by higher-level abstractions (themes and epics) and is detailed as the project evolves.
5 4 define solution scope1
5.4 Define Solution Scope
  • Techniques
    • Functional Decomposition
    • Interface Analysis
    • Scope Modeling
    • User Stories
    • Problem and vision Statement
    • Business Capability Analysis
    • Story Decomposition
    • Story Mapping
5 4 define solution scope2
5.4 Define Solution Scope
  • Stakeholders
    • Domain SME
    • Implementation SME
    • Project Manager
    • Sponsor
  • Output
    • Solution Scope
5 5 define business case
5.5 Define Business Case
  • Inputs
    • Defined Scope Solution
    • Business Need
    • Stakeholder Concerns
    • Assumptions and Constraints
  • Elements
    • Benefits
    • Costs
    • Risks Assessment
    • Measurement Process (Results Measurement)
    • Mnemonic = BC RAMP (Bic Ramp)
5 5 define business case1
5.5 Define Business Case
  • Agile: based on achieving a specific business outcome within a specified cost and time, revisited frequently as team learns what it can deliver, how well it meets the real need and whether the outcome can be achieved within specified cost and time.
5 5 define business case2
5.5 Define Business Case
  • Techniques
    • Decision Analysis
    • Estimation
    • Metrics and Key Performance Indicators
    • Risk Analysis
    • SWOT Analysis
    • Vendor Assessment
    • Business Capability Analysis
    • Kano Analysis
    • Purpose Alignment Model
    • Real Options
5 5 define business case3
5.5 Define Business Case
  • Stakeholders
    • Domain SME
    • Implementation SME
    • Project Manager
    • Sponsor
  • Output
    • Business Case
questions
Questions

1. What is the best definition for the Enterprise Analysis Knowledge Area:

a. Enterprise Analysis consists of activities for defining business needs, recommending a solution to meet those needs, and deciding on the solution.

b. Enterprise Analysis consists of activities for defining business needs, recommending a solution to meet those needs, and substantiating the cost of the solution.

c. Enterprise Analysis spans the analysis work done after the executive team of the organization develops strategic plans and goals, and ends after projects have been initiated.

d. Enterprise Analysis occurs after an organization has identified business opportunities and the Business Architecture framework has been determined for new business and technical system solutions.

answer
Answer

b. Enterprise Analysis consists of activities for defining business needs, recommending a solution to meet those needs, and substantiating the cost of the solution. Section 5 Overview

question
Question

2. The tasks for the Enterprise Analysis Knowledge Area include all of the following:

a. Create and maintain the business architecture, determine project scope, define the requirements risk approach, prepare the decision package, and track project benefits.

b. Define the business need, conduct feasibility studies, prepare the decision package, and determine organizational readiness.

c. Define the business need, determine gap in capabilities to meet the business need, determine the solution approach, define the solution scope, and develop the business case.

d. Define the business need, determine gap in capabilities to meet the business need, determine the solution approach, help stakeholders understand new business capabilities, and develop the business case.

answer1
Answer

c. Define the business need, determine gap in capabilities to meet the business need,determine the solution approach, define the solution scope, and develop the businesscase. From definition and NGASC mnemonic. BABOK Section 5 Overview.

question1
Question

3. Root cause analysis is a technique used with which of the following aspects of enterpriseanalysis:a. Defining the business goals and objectives.b. Determining the gap in capabilities an organization has.c. During SWOT analysis for determining weaknesses and threats.d. Determining the business need.

answer2
Answer

d. Determining the business need. Business needs are problems or opportunities, so root cause analysis will help determine the underlying cause or source of a problem. That is another way of describing “business need”, making this the right answer. BABOK 5.1.5.

question2
Question
  • Studying an existing enterprise architecture and doing document analysis will help the most with which aspect of enterprise analysis:

a. Define business needs, particularly understanding business goals and objectives.

b. Define business needs, particularly understanding a business problem or opportunity.

c. Assess capability gaps, particularly understanding the current capabilities of the enterprise.

d. Assess capability gaps, particularly assessing capability requirements.

answer3
Answer

c. Assess capability gaps, particularly understanding the current capabilities of theenterprise.Understanding the current state and capabilities is needed in order to find and analyze the gaps. Enterprise architecture is an input to this task, and document analysis is a technique for doing it. BABOK 5.2.4 and 5.2.5.

question3
Question

5. For which of the following tasks or elements would it be most appropriate to generate alternatives during enterprise analysis:a. Assess new capability requirements.b. Determine solution approach.c. Determine implementation approach.d. Define solution scope.

answer4
Answer

b. Determine solution approach.Alternative generation is listed as an element of the task Determine Solution Approach. Generating alternatives during this task helps to find the optimal solution to meet a business need. BABOK 5.3.4.

question4
Question

6. Comparing an organization's products, processes, performance, or other measures against similar organizations.a. Estimating Techniquesb. Benchmarkingc. Scope Modelingd. Functional Decomposition

answers
Answers

b. Benchmarkingis a technique for learning from key competitors and from an industry as a whole. Benchmarking aims to discover industry best practices, and to recommend which ones to adopt. Competitive analysis is one form of benchmarking. It focuses on comparing an organization's own characteristics against features and functions that key competitors have, to determine changes needed to meet or exceed the competition.

questions1
Questions

7. Clarifies the business need, identifies stakeholders, and projects the potential benefits that a proposed solution will have.a. Root Cause Analysisb. Benchmarkingc. Feasibility Analysisd. Problem or Vision Statement

answer5
Answer

d. Problem or Vision Statement Clarifies the business need, identifies stakeholders, and projects the potential benefits of a proposed solution to address the business need. A typical problem statement consists of:Define the problem/situation.Who is affected by the problem?How the problem impacts each category of stakeholder.Provide the key benefits produced by solving the problem.

question5
Question

7. Compares the desired state of an organization against its current state, to determine changes needed.a. Feasibility Analysisb. Gap Analysisc. SWOT Analysisd. Problem or Vision Statement

answer6
Answer

b. Gap Analysis Gaps are the differences between the current and future states. Gap analysis compares the states to identify differences between them. It can then be determined whether the organization has the capability to address the businessneed, or whether a project is needed to add the capability.

question6
Question

8. You are defining a business problem and brainstorming with a group of stakeholders. The techniques you use analyze cause and effects, what techniques are you using?a. the five whysb. brainstormingc. context diagramd. Fishbone diagram

answer7
Answer

d. Fishbone diagram BABOK 9.25.3 page 202

question7
Question

9. What is the solution scope comprised of?a. time and scheduleb. strengths and weaknessesc. features and functionsd. determines the scope of the software application

answer8
Answer

c. features and functionsBABOK 5.4 page 91

question8
Question

10. What is the purpose of the implementation approach?a. defines how the business will accept the solutionb. how the solution approach will deliver the solution scopec. is not applicable to business analysisd. determines the scope of the software application

answer9
Answer

b. how the solution approach will deliver the solution scopeBABOK 5.4.4.2 page 93

resources
Resources
  • A Guide to the Business Analysis Body of Knowledge® (BABOK® Guide) Version 2.0
  • The Agile Extension to the BABOK® Guide, November 2011
  • http://www.flashcardexchange.com/cards/babok-chapter-5-enterprise-analysis-2230091