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The EBRD-World Bank Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS III) PowerPoint Presentation
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The EBRD-World Bank Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS III)

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  1. The EBRD-World Bank Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS III) Listening to Firms to Understand Governance February 15, 2006

  2. Background on the BEEPS • Collaborative with EBRD • Collaborative between ECA and Enterprise Analysis Unit • Prehistory: 1997 WDR • 1999 • 4,100 firms • All ECA except SAM, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan • 2002 • 6,600 firms • All ECA except Turkmenistan • 2005 • 9,600 firms • All ECA except Turkmenistan • 2004/2005 • Germany, Greece, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Korea, Vietnam.

  3. What’s New in the BEEPS? • As little as possible • Identical approaches: sampling, translations, administration, and most questions • Longitudinal Dimension • 1,500 panel firms (23-147 per country) with data for 2002 and 2005. • Manufacturing Overlay • 1,700 manufacturing firms in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Poland, and Romania • Comparator Data • 4,050 firms in Germany (ex-GDR and ex-FRG), Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, Korea, and Vietnam

  4. What is Covered by the BEEPS?

  5. Some 400 Variables on … • Unofficial Payments and Corruption • Crime • Regulations and Red Tape • Customs and Taxes • Labor Issues • Firm Financing • Legal and Judicial Issues • Infrastructure • … others …

  6. Subjective Corruption as a problem Assessments of courts Finance as a problem Power outages as a problem Objective Spending on bribes Number of cases; use of courts to collect debts Actual sources of finance Actual experience with power outages Both Subjective and Objective Data

  7. Selected Results

  8. Continued Improvements in Many Aspects of the Business Environment

  9. Bribes are less frequent

  10. Corruption as a viewed as less of a problem for firms

  11. The magnitudes of bribes, relative to revenues, have declined

  12. But progress appears less even when corruption is unbundled

  13. How is BEEPS Related to Other Indicators?

  14. Link to Investment Climate Surveys Undertaken in Other Regions • Core questionnaire 95% the same • Sampling in ICS focuses on narrowly defined manufacturing sectors. Comparability is greatest for the “manufacturing overlay” countries. • Armenia, Azerbaijan, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Poland, and Romania. • BEEPS-style approach currently being rolled out in other regions.

  15. How is BEEPS different from aggregates (WBI and TI)? • Aggregates use non-overlapping sources • Aggregates mix a variety of concepts and measure: • Expert opinions and surveys • Corruption as experiences by firms; as experienced by households, expert views on impact on foreign investment • Can not be used to track changes over time • BEEPS uses a consistent methodology • Identical questions, sampling, administration, etc. • Testing is possible using well-grounded statistical tools

  16. How is BEEPS different from Doing Business? • Complementary Tools • Doing Business: focus on rules and procedures • BEEPS: focus on how rules and procedures are implemented • Big picture is mostly consistent • ECA leading reformer • Mostly similar country stories • DB highlights reforms in Georgia, Slovakia, Romania, and Latvia – all show improvement in BEEPS, as well • Some anomalies • SAM is DB top reformer (but still ranked 92) • Croatia is ranked 118 in DB (worse than Iraq)

  17. How does the BEEPS get used?

  18. Input for Flagship Studies • Regional studies on corruption, judicial systems • EBRD’s Transition Report Business in Transition • WDR 2005 A Better Investment Climate for Everyone • World Bank’s Global Monitoring Report

  19. Operations and country dialogue:Romania • Suggesting need for reform in 2001 ...

  20. Operations and country dialogueRomania • Guiding content of Bank operations • Conditions on asset disclosures and conflict of interest in PAL-1 • BEEPS as benchmark indicator for tracking progress

  21. Operations and country dialogueRomania … showing progress by 2005.

  22. Where Can I Find the BEEPS Results and Data?

  23. BEEPS-at-a-glance documentswww.worldbank.org/eca/governance • Focus on ECA, comparisons over time • 14 pages covering a wide variety of issues

  24. Country profiles rru.worldbank.org/EnterpriseSurveys/ • Focus on world-wide comparisons • Also 14 pages covering a wide variety of issues

  25. Interactive Feature rru.worldbank.org/EnterpriseSurveys/ • Focus on world-wide comparisons • Custom Queries by size, exporter or importer, foreign or domestic, sector

  26. Firm-level data • Greatest Flexibility and Control • Email James Anderson/Person/World Bank • Or janderson2@worldbank.org

  27. The EBRD-World Bank Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS III) Listening to Firms to Understand Governance February 15, 2006