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Rethinking the use of Concept maps . Mariya Burdina University of Central Oklahoma . How can I get to the library? . What’s the difference between income and price elasticity? . Temporal contiguity principle.

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rethinking the use of concept maps

Rethinking the use of Concept maps

MariyaBurdina

University of Central Oklahoma

temporal contiguity principle
Temporal contiguity principle

Students learn better when corresponding words and “pictures” are presented simultaneously rather than successively

  • Mayer, 2004
traditional concept maps
Traditional concept maps
  • A concept map is a diagram showing the relationships among concepts
    • Satisfies temporal contiguity principle
slide8

GDP

Nominal GDP

Real GDP

GDP Deflator

Inflation

spatial principle
Spatial principle
  • Students learn better when corresponding words and pictures are presented near rather than far from each other
  • Mayer, 2004
conceptual chapter map
Conceptual chapter map
  • A graphical tool for organizingconcepts
    • Shows links among concepts
    • Provides brief explanation of the concepts
    • Satisfies temporal contiguity principle
    • Satisfies spatial principle
slide11
Use
  • Review tool for a topic or a chapter
  • Drawn on the board by instructor
  • Completed with the help of students
  • Distributed to students
  • Used during in-class assignments/quizzes
  • Option for “revising” a chapter map
production possibility frontier
Production Possibility Frontier
  • Slope
    • Constant
    • Increasing
  • Points:
    • inside
    • outside
    • on PPF
    • Corners
  • Shifts in PPF
    • Affecting one good
    • Affecting both goods
slide13

Good A

Good A

Good A

Good A

Good A

Production Possibility Frontier show every possible combination of two goods produced by a country

Shifts of PPF occur when either technology or amount of resources is changed

Intercepts:

Red – max production of good A when B = 0

Orange - max production of good B when A = 0

Possible but not efficient: Green and every point inside PPF

Possible and efficient: Black, Red, Orange and every point on PPF

Not possible but desirable: Blue and every point outside PPF

Slope of PPF shows the Opportunity Cost

Good B

Good B

Good B

Good B

Good B

Increasing OC

Affecting one good

Affecting both goods

Constant OC

demand supply market equilibrium
Demand, Supply, Market Equilibrium
  • Law of demand
  • Shifts of demand curve
  • Law of supply
  • Shifts of supply curve
  • Market equilibrium
  • Surplus
  • Shortage
  • Changes in market equilibrium
slide15

Market

Demand

Supply

Changing price:

Increasing price decreases Qd

Decreasing price increases Qd

Changing price:

Increasing price increases Qs

Decreasing price decreases Qs

Changing Demand:

Number of consumers

Popularity

Future prices

Change in income:

- Normal goods

- Inferior goods

Changing Supply:

Number of Sellers

Better technology

Future prices

Input prices

Prices/popularity of similar goods

  • Changes in Equilibrium
  • Algorithm:
  • Draw the D and S curves and show the equilibrium
  • Decide whether event shifts S curve or D curve or both
  • Decide in which direction curve(s) shifts.
  • Illustrate the shifts using the graph
  • Use supply-demand diagram to identify new equilibrium P and Q.
evidence
“Evidence”
  • Students use concept maps in class
  • A-ha moments
  • Reduced load of questions during the in-class assignment
evidence1
“Evidence”
  • Business statistics
    • Normal vs. Standard Normal vs. Uniform
    • Hypothesis testing
  • Intermediate Microeconomics
    • Max utility vs. Min cost
    • EV vs. CV
practical strategies
Practical strategies
  • Introduce maps as a review before in class assignment
  • Assign “revise” the map instead of the “create” the map
  • Keep it simple (Coherence Principle)
    • Students learn better when extraneous material is excluded rather than included
  • Think what’s important and what is not. Only the most important things should be included in the map
practical strategies1
Practical strategies
  • Keep it colorful to emphasize important points
  • Make sure that assignment can be answered with concept map
  • Provide links and definitions; allow space for student to fill in with examples
evidence2
“Evidence”
  • Principles of Micro
    • PPF
    • Opportunity Cost and Trade
    • Demand, Supply and Equilibrium
    • Elasticity
    • Surplus
    • Public goods
    • Cost
    • Market comparison
    • Each type of market
  • Principles of Macro
  • GDP
  • Inflation
  • Productivity and growth
  • Savings and Investment
  • Unemployment
  • Open market economy
next step class experiment
Next step: Class Experiment
  • Conceptual chapter map in Principles of Macroeconomics
  • 2 classes of students:
  • Chapter map for in-class assignment for Class 1
  • Notes for in-class assignment for Class 2
  • No notes for the test
  • Chapter map for quiz for Class 1
  • Notes for quiz for Class 2
  • No notes for the test