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Food, Zero Waste & Sustainability

Food, Zero Waste & Sustainability

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Food, Zero Waste & Sustainability

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  1. Food, Zero Waste & Sustainability Paul Connett, PhD Executive Director AmericanHealthStudies.org pconnett@gmail.com Brussels, Oct 28, 2010

  2. I consider myself a pro bono waste consultant in the public interest • Since 1985, I have given over 3000 presentations on waste to communities in 54 countries, including • 49 states in the US, • 7 provinces in Canada, • 189 cities in Italy…

  3. Paul Connett ha parlato in 189 citta’

  4. OUTLINE 1. A few words about Sustainability 2. The Zero Waste 2020 Strategy 3. Zero Waste steps around the world 4. Linking Zero Waste to Sustainability

  5. We are living on this planet as if we had another one to go to

  6. Sustainability • We would need FOUR planets if every one consumed as much as the average American • We would need TWO planets if every one consumed as much as the average European • Meanwhile, India, China etc. are copying our consumption patterns • Something has got to change and the best place to start is with waste

  7. Waste is the evidence that we are doing something wrong Landfills BURY the evidence IncineratorsBURNthe evidence We need to face the real problem…

  8. Our real task is to fight over-consumption

  9. “The world has enough for everyone’s needbut not for everyone’s greed”Mahatma Gandhi

  10. Not only is over-consumptiongiving us a local waste crisis but also…

  11. A Global Crisis:Since the Industrial Revolution we have imposed a linear society on a planet that functions in circles

  12. A LINEAR SOCIETY

  13. A LINEAR SOCIETY Extraction

  14. A LINEAR SOCIETY Extraction Production

  15. A LINEAR SOCIETY Extraction Production Consumption

  16. A LINEAR SOCIETY Extraction Production Consumption Waste

  17. Advertising/TV Extraction Production Consumption Waste

  18. Over-advertisingproducesOver-consumption

  19. By the time a high school student leaves school, he or she will have watched over 350,000 TV commercials. Paul Hawken The Ecology of Commerce.

  20. Myth versus Reality • THE MYTH: • The more you consume the happier you become • THE REALITY: • The more you consume the fatter you become! • And the more waste you produce

  21. Man

  22. Modern Man!

  23. A LINEAR SOCIETY ENERGY ENERGY Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide

  24. A LINEAR SOCIETY ENERGY ENERGY Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide GLOBAL WARMING

  25. How do waste management practices affect this picture? ENERGY ENERGY Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide GLOBAL WARMING

  26. LANDFILLS ENERGY ENERGY Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide GLOBAL WARMING

  27. INCINERATION ENERGY ENERGY Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide GLOBAL WARMING

  28. RECYCLING OF MATERIALS ENERGY ENERGY Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide GLOBAL WARMING

  29. REUSE OF OBJECTS ENERGY ENERGY Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide GLOBAL WARMING

  30. COMPOSTING ENERGY ENERGY Extraction of Virgin Materials Production of Manufactured items Consumption Discarded Materials Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon dioxide GLOBAL WARMING

  31. COMPOST

  32. The importance of Composting • Retains carbon (vs. Global warming) • Returns nutrients to the soil • Increases soil’s retention of water • Makes it easier for cities to handle the recyclables (jobs and businesses!) • But to use compost in agriculture you MUST have it clean – which means you MUST have DOOR-TO-DOOR collection.

  33. Organic Fraction heirarchy 1) Food to humans (in time marketing, Prof. Andrea Segre, FacoltadiAgraria, U. Bologna) 2) Food to animals (bones, meat etc) 3) Backyard composting 4) Community composting (e.g. Zurich, Switzerland) 5) Co-composting with local farmers 6) Centralized composting facility.

  34. 2. The ZERO WASTE 2020 strategy

  35. ZERO WASTE IS A NEW DIRECTION

  36. THE BACK END OF WASTE MANAGEMENT NO to INCINERATORS NO to LANDFILLS

  37. THE BACK END OF WASTE MANAGEMENT THE FRONT END OF RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, INDUSTRIAL DESIGN & POST-CONSUMERISM NO to INCINERATORS NO to LANDFILLS

  38. The Waste problem will not be solved with better technology • But with • Better organization • Better education • and better industrial design

  39. Zero Waste can be approached with a series of simple steps • which are • Practical • Cost effective and • Politically acceptable

  40. 1. Source Separation & 2. Door-to-door collection

  41. “The Fantastic 3” The San Francisco system

  42. I “Fantastici 4” Capannori, Italia

  43. Capannori

  44. 3. Composting

  45. 1 2 3 Composting Facility

  46. Composting plant for San Francisco

  47. Local farmers are using the compost to grow fruit and vegetables for San Francisco

  48. 4. Recycling