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Tom Peters’ Re-Imagine!Business Excellence in a Disruptive AgeREI200/23October2004
“China’s size does not merely enable low-cost manufacturing; it forces it. Increasingly, it is what Chinese businesses and consumers choose for themselves that determines how the American economy operates.”—Ted Fishman/“The Chinese Century”/The New York Times Magazine /07.04.04
“When the Silk Road Gets Paved”/Forbes Global/09.04Express highways: 168 miles in ’89 … 18,500 in ’03 … 51,000 in ’08 (v. U.S. Interstate: 46,500)Implications: $200M Intel plant in Chengdu (pop. 9.9M); 1/3rd Shanghai wage rate
International Herald Tribune /09.13.2004: p.1/600 foreign R&D labs in China, 200 new per year
60,000**New factories in China opened by foreigners/2000-2003/Edward Gresser, Progressive Policy Institute/Wall Street Journal 09.27.04
“Reuters Plans To Triple Jobs at Site In India”—Headline/ New York Times/ World Business/10.08.04/10% of total workforce in Bangalore by 2006
Level 5 (top) ranking/Carnegie Mellon Software Engineering Institute: 35 of 70 companies in world are from IndiaSource: Wired/02.04
“When I was growing up, my parents used to say to me: ‘Finish your dinner—people in China are starving.’ I, by contrast, find myself wanting to say to my daughters: ‘Finish your homework—people in China and India are starving for your job.’ ” —Thomas Friedman/06.24.2004
“A focus on cost-cutting and efficiency has helped many organizations weather the downturn, but this approach will ultimately render them obsolete. Only the constant pursuit of innovation can ensure long-term success.”—Daniel Muzyka, Dean, Sauder School of Business, Univ of British Columbia (FT/09.17.04)
“We’re now entering a new phase of business where the group will be a franchising and management company where brandmanagement is central.”—David Webster, Chairman, InterContinental Hotels Group“InterContinental will now have far more to do with brandownership than hotel ownership.”—James Dawson of Charles Stanley (brokerage)Source: International Herald Tribune, 09.16, on the sacking of CEO Richard North, whose entire background is in finance
“We have to move up the value chain and focus increased efforts on becoming a knowledge-based, entrepreneurial economy if we are to prosper in the medium to long term.”—Tony Dromgoole, Chief Executive, Irish Management Institute
A Coherent Story: Context-Solution-BedrockContext1: Intense Pressures(China/Tech/Competition)Context2: Painful/Pitiful Adjustment(Slow, Incremental, Mergers)Solution1: New Organization(Technology,Web+ Revolution, Virtual-“BestSourcing,”“PSF” “nugget”)Solution2: No Option: Value-added Strategy(Services- Solutions-Experiences-DreamFulfillment “Ladder”)Solution3: “Aesthetic” “VA” Capstone(Design-Brands)Solution4:New Markets (Women, ThirdAge)Bedrock1: Innovation(New Work, Speed, Weird, Revolution)Bedrock2: Talent(Best, Creative, Entrepreneurial, Schools)Bedrock3: Leadership(Passion, Bravado, Energy, Speed)
“Income Confers No Immunity as Jobs Migrate”—Headline/USA Today/02.04
“One Singaporean workercosts as much as …3 … in Malaysia 8 … in Thailand 13 … in China 18 … in India.”Source: The Straits Times/08.18.03
“Thaksinomics” (after Thaksin Shinawatra, PM)/ “Bangkok Fashion City”/ “managed asset reflation” (add to brand value of Thai textiles by demonstrating flair and design excellence)Source: The Straits Times/03.04.2004
E.g. …Jeff Immelt: 75% of “admin, back room, finance” “digitalized” in 3 years.Source: BW (01.28.02)
“Asia’s rise is the economic event of our age. Should it proceed as it has over the last few decades, it will bring the two centuries of global domination by Europe and, subsequently, its giant North American offshoot to an end.” —Financial Times (09.22.2003)
“The world has arrived at a rare strategic inflection point where nearly half its population—living in China, India and Russia—have been integrated into the global market economy, many of them highly educated workers, who can do just about any job in the world. We’re talking about three billion people.”—Craig Barrett/Intel/01.08.2004
“This is a dangerous world and it is going to become more dangerous.”“We may not be interested in chaos but chaos is interested in us.”Source: Robert Cooper, The Breaking of Nations: Order and Chaos in the Twenty-first Century
“If you don’t like change, you’re going to like irrelevance even less.” —General Eric Shinseki, Chief of Staff. U. S. Army
Forbes100 from 1917 to 1987: 39 members of the Class of ’17 were alive in ’87; 18 in ’87 F100; 18 F100 “survivors” underperformed the market by 20%; just 2 (2%), GE & Kodak, outperformed the market 1917 to 1987.S&P 500 from 1957 to 1997: 74 members of the Class of ’57 were alive in ’97; 12 (2.4%) of 500 outperformed the market from 1957 to 1997.Source: Dick Foster & Sarah Kaplan, Creative Destruction: Why Companies That Are Built to Last Underperform the Market
BUILT TO … DETERIORATE! “When it comes to investing, I am old school. Buy a good stock, stick it in the drawer and when you check back years later the stock should be worth more. There’s only one problem. When I checked the drawer recently it was full of clunkers, including Lucent, down 94 percent from its 1999 high. Maybe once upon a time buy and hold was a viable strategy. Today, it no longer makes sense.”—Charles Stein/ “Investment Strategies Must Shift with Realities”/Boston Globe/10.10.04 A sample of Stein’s “Blue Chip-turned-clunker” examples: Fannie Mae (featured in Collins’ Good to Great). Coke. (“Clunker,” make that “Stinker.”) Merck. (The mightiest fall—stock down 63 percent since 2000; tumble preceded Vioxx) Uh … Microsoft. (“Microsoft’s stock price is no higher today than it was in 1998.”) “It is not clear there is such a thing as a ‘Blue Chip,’” Shawn Kravetz, president of Boston-based hedge fund Esplanade Capital, told Stein. “Kravetz’s point is a serious one,” Stein continues. “Greatness is not permanent. … This process of creative destruction isn’t new. But with the world moving ever faster, and with competition on steroids, the quaint notion of buying and holding is hopelessly out of step.”
“Good management was the most powerful reason [leading firms] failed to stay atop their industries.Precisely because these firms listened to their customers, invested aggressively in technologies that would provide their customers more and better products of the sort they wanted, and because they carefully studied market trends and systematically allocated investment capital to innovations that promised the best returns, they lost their positions of leadership.”Clayton Christensen, The Innovator’s Dilemma
“The corporation as we know it, which is now 120 years old, isnot likely to survive the next 25 years.Legally and financially, yes, but not structurally and economically.”Peter Drucker, Business 2.0
“Acquisitions are about buying market share. Our challenge is to create markets. There is a big difference.” Peter Job, CEO, Reuters
Productivity!McKesson 2002-2003: Revenue … +$7B Employees … +500Source: USA Today/06.14.04
“Ebusiness is about rebuilding the organization from the ground up. Most companies today are not built to exploit the Internet. Their business processes, their approvals, their hierarchies, the number of people they employ … all of that is wrong for running an ebusiness.”Ray Lane, Kleiner Perkins
“Organizations will still be critically important in the world, but as ‘organizers,’ not ‘employers’!”— Charles Handy
Ford: “Vehicle brand owner”(“design, engineer, and market, but not actually make”)Source: The Company, John Micklethwait & Adrian Wooldridge
“Don’t own nothin’ if you can help it. If you can, rent your shoes.”F.G.
Not “out sourcing”Not “off shoring”Not “near shoring”Not “in sourcing”but …“Best Sourcing”
4. Re-imagine the Organizing II: The Professional Service Firm (“PSF”) Imperative.
Sarah: “ Papa, what do you do?”Papa:“I’m ‘overhead.’ ”
Sarah: “ Daddy, what do you do?”Papa:“I’m a ‘bureaucrat.’ ”
Sarah: “ Daddy, what do you do?”Papa:“I manage a ‘cost center.’ ”
Answer: PSF![Professional Service Firm]Department Headto …Managing Partner, HR [IS, etc.] Inc.
“Typically in a mortgage company or financial services company, ‘risk management’ is an overhead, not a revenue center. We’ve become more than that.We pay for ourselves, and we actually make money for the company.”—Frank Eichorn, Director of Credit Risk Data Management Group, Wells Fargo Home Mortgage (Source: sas.com)