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istory of Floral Design. Objectives: To identify the aesthetic benefits of floral design To become familiar with the history of floral design To understand the origin and development of different styles. Significance of Flowers. Used throughout civilization Religious significance

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Istory of floral design

istory of Floral Design


To identify the aesthetic benefits of floral design

To become familiar with the history of floral design

To understand the origin and development of different styles

Significance of flowers
Significance of Flowers

  • Used throughout civilization

  • Religious significance

  • Personal adornment

  • Addition of beauty to dwellings

Significance of flowers1
Significance of Flowers

  • Special occasions

  • Symbols of love, friendship, sympathy and celebration

  • Language of flowers

Red Roses symbolize and communicate love

Why know the history of floral design

To understand the impact of earlier cultures on modern design styles

To see the derivation of design styles

Why Know the History of Floral Design?

Classical period of floral design
Classical Period of Floral Design or design period

Byzantine Period

Egyptian Period

Greek Period

Middle Ages

Roman Period

Egyptian period 2800 28 b c
Egyptian Period or design period(2800 – 28 B.C.)

  • Styles were simple and orderly

  • Wide-mouthed basins or bowls held flowers or fruit

  • Wire loops or holes around container rims held flower stems

  • Regimented rows and repetition of identical floral groups created patterned designs

  • Primary colors dominated


Greek period 600 146 b c
Greek Period or design period(600-146 B.C.)

  • Did not arrange flowers in vases

  • Flowers were scattered on the ground for celebrations

  • Wreaths and garlands were worn or carried during special occasions

  • Heroes, athletes and dignitaries were honored with wreaths

Greek period
Greek Period or design period

  • Potted plants were grown indoors to supply flowers

  • Professional florists were hired to create wreaths and decorations

  • Cornucopia (horn of plenty) was a symbol of abundance and was used in an upright position

  • Grace, simplicity and symbolism characterized Greek design

Roman period 28bc 325ad
Roman Period or design period(28BC - 325AD)

  • Continued use of Greek designs

  • Wreaths and garlands were more elaborate

  • Blossom filled scarves were placed on religious altars

  • Flowers were arranged in containers or liknons (baskets with high backs and flattened fronts)

Byzantine period 320 600 ad
Byzantine Period or design period(320- 600 AD)

  • Continued Roman designs

  • Garlands were twisted narrow bands of fruit, flowers and foliage

  • Introduced symmetrical, stylized tree compositions

  • Elaborate containers had nearly pointed bases

  • Color schemes used neighboring hues with complementary accents

Middle ages 476 1400 ad
Middle Ages or design period(476 – 1400 AD)

  • Flowers arranged in vases

  • Symmetrical groups in Chinese flasks shows Chinese influence

  • Little known about floral designs of this period

  • Information found in Persian art, rugs and tapestries

European periods of floral design
European Periods of Floral Design or design period

  • Renaissance Period

  • Baroque Period

  • Flemish Period

  • French Styles

  • English Georgian Period

  • Victorian Period

Renaissance period 1400 1600
Renaissance Period or design period(1400 – 1600)

  • Arrangements were large, tall, pyramidal and symmetrically balanced

  • Arrangement was twice the height of container

  • Flowers were loose, airy and uncrowded

  • Bright colors contrasted with plastered walls

Baroque and flemish style period 1600 1775 ad
Baroque and Flemish Style Period or design period(1600 – 1775 AD)

  • Classical Renaissance style gave way to the lavish Baroque style

  • Baroque style originated in Italy and spread to Holland and Belgium

  • Symmetrical oval shaped designs

  • Hogarthian curve or S-curve developed during this period

Flemish style
Flemish Style or design period

  • Flemish artists painted floral arrangements, refining the Baroque style

  • Better proportioned and more compact

  • Flowers were massed into oval shaped arrangements taller than the container

  • Many arrangements in paintings could not have existed because the flowers bloomed in different seasons

Jan van Huysum

French tradition
French Tradition or design period

  • Influenced European, English and American styles

  • Influenced by Baroque art

  • Feminine appeal

  • Arrangements were bouquets with no design or center of interest

  • Topiary designs were introduced


English georgian period 1714 1760
English Georgian Period or design period(1714 – 1760)

  • Moved away from formality and symmetry

  • Japanese influence affected design

  • Tuzzy-muzzy or nosegay was a hand-held bouquet developed at this time

  • Nosegays were placed in bowls of water on tables as centerpieces


Victorian period 1820 1901
Victorian Period or design period(1820 – 1901)

  • Floral designs were poorly proportioned

  • Large masses of flowers with no focal point crowded into containers

  • Too many colors and flower types created an unplanned effect

  • Toward the end of the period, rules were established for floral design

  • Skilled designers established floral design as a professional art

History of oriental styles
History of Oriental Styles or design period

Japanese Style

Chinese Style

Chinese styles
Chinese Styles or design period

  • Floral arrangements originally used to decorate Buddhist temples

  • Large, symmetrical arrangements with central axis

  • Only one or two types of flowers and foliage used

  • Bright colors were used

Japanese styles
Japanese Styles or design period


  • Adopted Chinese style in 6th century and created their own highly refined art form

  • Basic styles are Ikenobo, Rikkwa, Shokwa, Nageire, Moribana and Jiyu-Bana

  • Ikenobo school of floral art created the style known as Ikebana

  • Japanese styles are characterized by linear forms and open spaces




American floral design periods
American Floral Design Periods or design period

Early American Period

Colonial Williamsburg Period

American Federal Period

Contemporary Styles

Early american period
Early American Period or design period

  • Early colonists had little time for flower arranging

  • Household utensils (kettles, pitchers, pans, etc.) and baskets were used as containers

  • Materials for arrangements were wildflowers, dried flowers and grasses

  • Designs were informal and massed

Colonial williamsburg period 1724 1780 ad
Colonial Williamsburg Period or design period(1724 – 1780 AD)

  • Trade with Europe influenced floral designs

  • Many southern arrangements were copied from European prints and tapestries

  • Casual, open massed bouquets were common

  • Styles were fan shaped, rectangular or round

  • Visual weight concentrated at base of design

American federal period 1780 1820
American Federal Period or design period(1780 – 1820)

  • Influenced by French styles

  • Stressed individual beauty of flowers

  • Break from English style

  • Flower height was greater than width of arrangement

  • Gave way to stuffy, ornate Victorian style

Modern american styles late 1800 s present
Modern American Styles or design period(Late 1800’s – Present)

  • Development of floral wire services in late 19th century established design catalogs

  • European mass designs were combined with Japanese line designs to create line-mass designs

  • Advances in transportation and refrigeration influenced availability of cut flowers from local to world markets

Istory of floral design

Quiz or design period

  • List three ways flowers

    have been used throughout


    2. _____ styles are characterized by linear forms and open spaces.

    A. Japanese C. Flemish

    B. Victorian D. Baroque

    3. The _____ period made extensive use of wreaths and garlands.

    A. Egyptian C. Greek

    B. Victorian D. Byzantine

Istory of floral design

Quiz or design period

  • Little is known about floral

    designs of this period.

    A. Egyptian C. Roman

    B. Greek D. Middle Ages

  • Designs of this period were masses of flowers with no focal point and poor proportion.

    A. French Tradition C. Early American

    B. Victorian D. Chinese

  • The tuzzy-muzzy was developed by

    A. The Romans C. The French

    B. Martha Stewart D. The English

Istory of floral design

Acknowledgements or design period McDaniel, Gary L. Floral Design & Arrangement. 3rd ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1996.Berrall, Julia S. A History of Flower Arrangement. London: Studio Publications, 1953. Sandra Balch – Production CoordinatorJennifer Donaldson – Graphics CoordinatorGeoff Scott – Production ManagerG.W. Davis – Executive Producer

, MMIV

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