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(Floral Design) Cut Flower Harvesting and Arranging How to deal with your own flowers

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Floral design l.jpg

(Floral Design)

Cut Flower Harvesting

and Arranging

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How to deal with your own flowers

  • CuttingYour Own Flowers If you are picking your own flowers it is best to do this in the morning or the late evening. Sugar reserves in the stems are at their highest in the mornings or evenings. Ideally the best time is early morning when flower stems are filled with water after the cool night air. You should never pick flowers in the middle of the day when the sun is at it's hottest.

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Cutting your own

  • If it has been raining and the flowers are wet, shake them gently to remove the excess water.  Too much water will often damage flowers

  • Most flowers should be picked when they are in bud or half open

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Cutting your own

  • The color of the petals should be starting to show. 

  • If picked too tightly in bud, they may never open.

    • This is especially true of tulips and roses. 

  • The green sepals around the base of the rose should be starting to turn downwards. 

  • Irises and daffodils should be half open

  • Gladioli should be picked when the bottom three or four florets are open and the top florets are still in bud. 

  • Carnations, dahlias, marigolds, hydrangeas, camellias, gerberas and chrysanthemums should be picked when they are fully opened.

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Cutting your own

  • Fill a plastic bucket a third to half way with warm water

  • add preservative to the water.

  • flowers only take in water through the ends of the stems

  • foliage left on stems below the water line will rot and pollute the water.

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Cutting your own

  • Place the bucket full of flowers in a cool place for a few hours ( or overnight).

  • Cut the stems again underwater, 1” or so above the previous cut.

  • Use a clean container or vase for your arrangement.

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Floral Preservative

  • Does make your arrangement last longer

  • It consists of:

    • Sugar

    • Acidifying agent

    • Food preservative HQC

    • bleach

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The Elements

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Shape: line Arrangements

  • Few flowers are used

  • presence of many voids

  • Flowers are presented in a line

  • The lines may be:

    • Vertical

    • L-shaped

    • Crescent

    • Diagonal

    • S-shaped

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Shape: Mass Arrangements

  • Use many flowers

  • few voids or spaces

  • shapes include:

    • Circle

    • Mound or oval

    • Triangles

    • Diamond

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Shape: Line-Mass Arrangements

A combination of line and mass

Represents a thickened line

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Specialty Shapes

  • Heart for Valentines day

  • Egg for Easter

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Element: Color

  • The most important element

  • colors are associated with objects and events

  • Color terminology: hue, tint, shade, tone

  • The color wheel and color schemes

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Color Scheme: Monochromatic

  • Only one hue is featured but the arrangement may include variations of the hue

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Analogous colors lie next to each other on the color wheel

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Direct ComplementaryColors that lie directly across from each other on the color wheel

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Split Complementary: one hue with two that lie on each side of its complement

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Triadic : three colors equidistant on the color wheel



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7 Color Guidelines

  • Repeat colors in a design.

  • Don’t use too many different colors.

  • Let one color dominate.

  • Use darker colored flowers deeper and lower in the arrangement.

  • Use colors with high eye appeal sparingly.

  • Use larger flowers of a certain color to emphasize that color.

  • Select either bold color contrasts or soft subtle contrasts to suit the situation.

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Element: Light You may need to consider in what sort of lighting your arrangement will be viewed

  • Lighting effects color

  • Light Quality

  • Light intensity

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Element: Texture

  • Refers to the surface quality of ant object

  • Provide interesting contrasts or subtle compatibility between materials

  • examples:

    • Fine or coarse

    • shiny or dull

    • downy or prickly

  • Textures may suggest formality

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Briar patch effect

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The Principles

  • Balance

  • Scale

  • Rhythm

  • Harmony

  • Emphasis

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Principle: Balance

  • Comfortable to look at

  • The materials selected, amount used and placement affect balance

  • Visual weight and not real weight matters

  • Symmetrical and asymmetrical balance

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Symmetrical Balance

  • Components correspond to each other on each side of an axis.

  • Bilateral and radial symmetry

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Balance: Asymmetrical

  • Not the same on each side

  • created by using placements of unequal visual weight at varying distances from the central axis

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Principal: Scale

  • Concerns the size relationship of an arrangement to its setting.

  • Size relations between different components with in an arrangement such as: Container, bow, number of flowers and foliage

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The height Rule

  • The arrangement should be 1 1/2 to 2 times the height or width of the container whichever is greater

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Principal: Rhythm

  • Feeling of motion

  • size, shape, color, texture as well as spacing between materials and the way they are angled create rhythm

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Types of Rhythm

  • Spacing Rhythm

  • space flowers closer together at the focal point, and increase in spacing as the eye travels upward

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Size Rhythm

  • Larger flowers have more visual weight so are used closer to the focal point.

  • Smaller flowers are placed further away

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Shape Rhythm

  • Changes in shape can be regular and predictable

  • Narrow pointed buds are used farthest away from the focal point

  • Rounded forms are best nearer the focal point

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Facing Rhythm

  • Tilting flowers forward increases eye appeal

  • flowers should face forward at the focal point

  • As the eye travels up the vertical line, there should be a gradual and predictable change until the tallest flower is facing upright

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Depth and Color Rhythm

  • Depth can be achieved by an “in and out” placement of flowers.

  • Color can lead the eye in and out of the arrangement

  • Colors with the greatest eye appeal are placed near the focal point.

  • Colors that appear heavier are used low in the design.

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Principal: Harmony

  • Total compatibility of all parts of an arrangement

  • appropriateness of the arrangement to its surroundings or occasion

  • Formality and informality must be considered

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Principle: Emphasis

  • Also called focal point

  • one material that dominates

  • one area that has the strongest eye appeal

  • color or unusual flowers gives emphasis

  • can be represented by a single largest flower

  • in an all around arrangement the focal point is an imaginary point deep in the arrangement

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  • Place brighter, darker,stronger materials at the heart.

  • Place eye catching materials at the area of emphasis