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Elements of a Short Story. Definition of a Short Story. Tells about a ____________ event or experience Fictional (not true) 500 to 15,000 words in length It has a _______________ ________________, and __________________. Creates an impression on the reader. Elements of a Short Story.

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definition of a short story
Definition of a Short Story
  • Tells about a ____________ event or experience
  • Fictional (not true)
  • 500 to 15,000 words in length
  • It has a _______________

________________, and __________________.

  • Creates an impression on the reader
elements of a short story3
Elements of a Short Story
  • _______________
  • Characterization
  • _______________
  • Conflict
  • _______________
  • Resolution
  • _______________
  • Point of view
setting
Setting
  • The time and ________________ of the story’s action
short story vocabulary
Short Story Vocabulary
  • Theme: The story’s main ideas. The “______________” the writer intends to communicate by telling the story.
short story vocabulary6
Short Story Vocabulary
  • Characterization: Creation of imaginary people who appear to be ____________ to the reader. The writer gives _______________ about the characters in the story.
characterization
Characterization
  • How the author ________________ the characters, especially the main character.
  • This is done through:
    • what the character ____________ or says
    • what others say of and __________ the character
    • author’s _____________ _____________ in descriptive passages
characterization8
Characterization
  • Direct characterization
    • The author ________________ states what the character’s personality is like. Example: cruel, kind
  • Indirect characterization
    • Showing a character’s personality through his/her ________________, thoughts, feelings, ________________, appearance or other character’s observations or reactions
protagonist
Protagonist
  • Main character of the story that changes
    • the most ___________________ character
    • changes and grows because of experiences in the story
    • “______________ Character”
antagonist
Antagonist
  • A major character who _______________ the protagonist
    • “_________________ Character”
short story vocabulary11
Short Story Vocabulary
  • Plot: A series of _______________ through which the writer reveals what is happening, to whom, and why.
what is the plot
What is the Plot?
  • Plot: Series of related events that make up a story.
exposition
Exposition
  • Section that ______________________ characters, the setting, and conflicts.
rising action
Rising Action
  • Consists of a series of _______________.
  • These occur when the main characters take _____________ to resolve their problems and are met with further problems:
    • Fear
    • Hostility
    • Threatening situation
climax
Climax
  • The turning _____________ in the story: the high point of interest and _______________.

Climax

Rising Action or Complications

Falling Action

falling action
Falling Action
  • All events following the climax or turning point in the story. These events are a _______________ of the action taken at the climax.
resolution
Resolution
  • The _____________ of the central conflict: it shows how the situation turns out and ties up loose ends
short story vocabulary18
Short Story Vocabulary
  • Conflict: Is a _______________ in the story that needs to be resolved.
conflict
Conflict
  • A struggle between two opposing forces
  • Types
    • Internal – takes place in a character’s own ________.
      • Man vs. Him(Her)self
    • External – a character struggles against an _________________ force
      • Man vs. Man
      • Man vs. Nature
      • Man vs. Society
man v s himself herself
Man v/s Himself/Herself:
  • The central character has to make personal decisions about what is the right thing to do (ex.: a young person must decide whether or not to tell his parents he stole some money, a person sees a twenty dollar bill fall out of someone’s pocket and must decide whether to return it or not.)
  • Internal
the two types of conflict can be shown in the following ways
The two types of conflict can be shown in the following ways:
  • Man v/s nature: the central character battles the forces of nature (ex.: caught in a rain storm w/ no umbrella, stalked by a wild animal)
man v s society
Man v/s Society
  • The central character battles societal norms (ex.: a new student dressing differently than the other students, a person who won’t drink even though his friends are)
man v s man
Man v/s Man:
  • The central character battles another character in the story (ex.: Luke Skywalker vs. Darth Vadar, Tweety vs. Sylvester)
short story vocabulary24
Short Story Vocabulary
  • Point of view: The _______________ of the ______________ of the story and what the writer sees from that vantage point.
point of view
Point of View
  • First person- One of the characters is actually telling the story using the pronoun “__________”
  • Third person- Centers on _____________ character’s thoughts and actions.
  • Omniscient- ___________ knowing narrator. Can center on the thoughts any actions of _________ and _________ characters.
flashback
Flashback
  • The present scene in the story is interrupted to flash backward and tell what happened in an ________________ time.
foreshadowing
Foreshadowing
  • _____________ the writer puts in the story to give the reader a hint of what is to come.
irony
Irony
  • A _____________ between expectation and reality.
irony29
Irony
  • Verbal Irony – _______________ one thing but meaning something completely different.
    • Calling a clumsy basketball player “Michael Jordan”
  • Situational Irony – A contradiction between what we _______________ to happen and what really does happen
  • Dramatic Irony – occurs when the ____________ knows something important that the characters in the story do not know.