game based learning red ink seminar sept 13 2008 lugano n.
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Game-based learning Red-Ink Seminar, Sept. 13/2008 Lugano. Wim Westera Director of Learning Media Proposed agenda. Personal introduction OUNL Todays topics and goals Technology’s role Serious gaming Game development tools Various topics Evaluation.

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Game-based learning Red-Ink Seminar, Sept. 13/2008 Lugano

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game based learning red ink seminar sept 13 2008 lugano
Game-based learningRed-Ink Seminar, Sept. 13/2008 Lugano

Wim Westera

Director of Learning Media

proposed agenda
Proposed agenda
  • Personal introduction
  • OUNL
  • Todays topics and goals
  • Technology’s role
  • Serious gaming
  • Game development tools
  • Various topics
  • Evaluation
goals expectations agenda
  • Games; design/development evaluation
  • Rich media are OUNL/ web 2, SL, games
  • Support of learners/ techn/tools; semantic web
  • How can our fun be used for learners?
  • I-A design
  • Collaborative tools development skills (games)
  • Examples of games; learner evaluations
  • Gbl large scale implementation at OUNL
  • !!Serious games (possible?); how experience?/simulation
task 4 pedagogical motives
Task 4: Pedagogical motives
  • What are pedagogical motives for using serious games?
educational power of games
Educational power of games

Intrinsic attraction by:

  • Active role: learning by doing
  • Changing circumstances
  • Freedom of movement, decision power
  • Natural feedback
  • `Involve me and I will understand…`
why educational appliance
Why educational appliance?
  • Motivation
  • Exploration
  • Context
  • Activation
  • Culture
task 5 game genres
Task 5: game genres
  • Identify different game genres and their usefulness for education
task 6 disadvantages
Task 6: Disadvantages
  • What are risks and disadvantages of serious games?
task 7 feedback in games
Task 7: Feedback in games
  • Describe different ways of providing feedback to learners in games
task 8 critical success factors
Task 8: critical success factors
  • Identify critical success factors for serious gaming
design a doughnut stall game
Design a Doughnut stall game
  • 3-player optimisation game
  • In this game you experience a commercial optimisation process and learn to identify relevant variables for business optimisation.


game description
Game description
  • You own a doughnut stall at a town square. You sell three types of products: A) doughnut balls, B) apple turnovers and C) wafers, and your goal is to optimise your profits. You can set the prices of your products and if necessary adjust these continually. However, you will have to compete with other players that run a similar doughnut stall next to you. Note that your delivery capacity is limited, because each product is to be heated in the oven for some time. You may also decide to spend on commercial advertising in order to attract more customers. The game runs about 10 minutes.
game logic
Game Logic
  • Players set their prices for products A, B and C
  • Customers arrive separately, with the time-interval statistics according to neg.exp: So ti+1- ti= -Tave* ln (1-Random(0,1)) with Tave= average time interval  1/3* average processing effort
  • Game secret: customers prefer the products according to the following statistics:Customer preferences A=40%, B=33%, C=27%
  • Each new customers is first assigned a product need (A, B or C) and will choose a stall according to a combined criterion of price and marketing effort. For each stall the following criterion is calculated for each stall (j):P(j)=1/3+5*L(j)+5*N(j)With L= 1 if lowest price, else 0; N is number of marketing efforts of player (j).After normalisation: PN (j)= P(j)/ (P(1)+P(2)+P(3)), customers are allocated to a stall using weighted statistics (Random gen.).
  • [Players can check all prices of competitor by buying one product]
  • EVENTS: Every Y minutes, players receive messages about changing cost of raw materials for their products. This may urge them to adapt prices.
locations i o
Locations & I/O
  • Own stall + display overall player score, + display of customer order; + Number of customers waiting + change prices of products+ select the right product for processing + display count down of product processing + display message about adjusted raw materials costs+ select marketing effort
  • Stall of player 2
  • Stall of player 3
simulation versus games
Simulation versus games


  • mimicking (part of) reality
  • Game:
  • - An immanent goal (“to win”)
  • an artificial conflict
  • Rules of play
  • one or more players
what about motivation
What about motivation?
  • Games are motivating (?)
  • When a learner is engaged in an interesting activity his/her motivation goes up (?)
  • (Is motivation an output or an input?)
ounl example diagnost 1998
OUNL-example Diagnost (1998)
  • Complex psycho-diagnostic skills
  • Branching story; 1st person role play
  • Stand alone version
  • Methodical approach to diagnosing

- Intelligent support

emergo ounl 2008
  • Complex skills (competences)
  • Web-based
  • case development methodology
  • Game development toolkit
  • Case library
  • Case templates
  • Communication
  • Tracking data statistics for feedback
emergo info www emergo cc
Emergo info
  • For instance brief clip in English/French/German
emergo accounts at http emergo ou nl
Emergo accounts at

4 temp. accounts (USERID/PASSWORD):

  • wimstudent1/student1
  • wimstudent2/student2
  • wimstudent3/student3
  • wimstudent4/student4
  • (I’ll make sure that these account will be available for a few weeks; they all cover all developer, case manager, tutor and learner rights)
making a game with game maker
Making a game with Game maker
  • Download game maker 7.0 lite at
  • Install
  • Download tutorial at
  • For instance: “Catch the clown”
build the catch the clown game
Build the Catch the Clown game
  • Create sprites (clown, wall)
  • Create sounds (bounce, click)
  • Create objects (wall, clown)
  • Add events and logic
    • Clown: 1) Create, 2) Wall collision 3) Click
  • Create room
  • Run the game
more advanced examples
More advanced examples
  • Check-out the yoyogames site for many fine tutorials on Game maker.
  • Please don’t hesitate to call or email me for further comments or requests.

Best wishes,