Project and Problem Based Learning. John Henry EIRC firstname.lastname@example.org http://pbl4teachers.wikispaces.com/home http://cctec-pbl.wikispaces.com. Project and Problem Based Learning Students Deserve it The World Demands it. PROJECT or SCENARIO. Pedagogy. Technology. RESOURCES & CONSTRAINTS.
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Learning as an active process in which learners construct new ideas or concepts based upon their current or past knowledge. Students continually build upon what they have already learned.
A three-year 1997 study of two secondary schools -- one that used open-ended projects and one that used more traditional, direct instruction -- found striking differences in understanding and standardized achievement data in mathematics.
In a five-year study, researchers at SRI International found that technology-using students in Challenge 2000 Multimedia Project-Based classrooms outperformed non-technology-using students in communication skills, teamwork, and problem solving.
The Center for Learning in Technology researchers, led by Bill Penuel, found
Lakeview School in Ill., use PBL to reach students who are struggling in traditional schools by implementing a curriculum that is based on "doing things based on real world situation.“ while addressing state standards -- and uses a project-based approach that incorporates cultural awareness, sustainability and other themes.
Average Retention Rates
Achievement Gap or Engagement Gap?
85% of Middle and High School Students report being bored in their classrooms
Interest, hands-on, interactive and collaborative
A can of highly toxic popcorn has contaminated a circle of approximately 4 feet in diameter. The toxic area extends to the ceiling. If the toxic popcorn is not transferred to a safe container for decontamination, it will contaminate the region The popcorn is estimated to have a safe life of exactly 15 minutes before it explodes. It’s up to you to save the day!
Is a teaching and learning model that focuses on the central concepts and principles of a discipline, involves students in problem solving and other meaningful tasks, allows students to work autonomously and in groups to construct their own learning, culminates in realistic, student generated products.
Finkle and Torp (1995) state that "problem-based learning is a curriculum development and instructional system/process that simultaneously develops both problem solving strategies and disciplinary knowledge bases and skills by placing students in the active role of problem solvers confronted with an ill-structured problem that mirrors real-world problems"
The National Problem:
As a result of a relative decline in student achievement … and interest of students to pursue Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM)-related careers …
the United States IS AT RISK.
Think critically and be able to analyze and solve complex, real-world problems
Find, evaluate, and use appropriate learning resources
Work individually and cooperatively in teams and small groups
Demonstrate versatile and effective communication skills, both verbal and written
Use content knowledge and develop skills to become life-long learners in order to succeed in a global economy
21st Century Themes
Financial, Economic, Business, and Entrepreneurial Literacy
1. Curriculum Design
2. Cognitive Coaching
Sir Ken Robinson on the Power of the Imaginative Mind
You are a scientist at the state department of nuclear safety. Some people in a small community feel their health is at risk because a company keeps thorium piled above ground at one of their plants. What action, if any, should be taken?
Summer Challenge 1992, IMSA
John Thompson, Ecology, IMSA
Bill Orton, 2nd grade, Williamsburg, VA
LuAnn Malik, Community College of Aurora, Aurora, CO
Christine Vitale, 4-5 multi-grade, Arlington Heights, IL
Woodbury High School, Advanced Technology Class, Grades 9-12
Exploring the Environment
Web 2.0 Technology
NJ Green Program of Study
The science of sustainability
assignment sheets with due dates and grading policy, a guide for designing the poster, and a list of websites and books to use.
Giving students a project, that is hands-on, with step by step instructions, designed and guided by the teacher that results in a student produced product. This process is missing student voice and choice, and may not be relevant to a student
Ms, McIntyre introduced a “project” to her students. She plopped a packet of papers on each student’s desk and explained that each student would create a poster about water-borne bacterium and how it can be harmful to humans. The packet included assignment sheets with due dates and grading policy, a guide for designing the poster, and a list of websites and books to use.
Exploring the Environment
Problem-based learning encourages students to take control and become active in their learning.
Research tends to suggest that when compared to graduates from a traditional program, PBL graduates are better prepared for professional life with advanced level interpersonal skills, the ability to work effectively in cross and interdisciplinary teams and lifelong learning skills.
As more PBL graduates make their way into the workforce the reputation of PBL will grow and it is likely that employers could show preference for graduates with the types of knowledge, skills and attitudes developed and encouraged by problem-based learning
PBL learners become:
The teacher plays the role of facilitator, working with students to frame worthwhile questions, structuring meaningful tasks, coaching both knowledge development and social skills, and carefully assessing what students have learned from the experience.
Students are at the center of the work to be accomplished. The classroom environment is student centered, not teacher directed. Students are responsible for brainstorming, solving problems, working together, documenting, evaluating their progress and presenting their findings.
. Background Information to engage students
2. Student Relevance
Use the NJ DoEUbD template
Download at… http://www.state.nj.us/education/cccs/2009/
Or PBL template at… http://pbl4teachers.wikispaces.com/CCTEC