Plant Kingdom Flowering Plants Non-flowering Plants
Non - flowering Plants • Some plants don’t produce flowers and seeds. • Non-flowering plants such as ferns and mosses produce spores instead of seeds.
Spores • Spores are microscopic specks of living material. • Ferns produce their spores on the undersides of the leaves.
Characteristics of Mosses • Mosses are some of the simplest plants with simple stems and leaves. • Mosses have spores which can be found inside a capsule. • The spores are dispersed by the wind.
Examples of Mosses spores
Characteristics of Ferns • Ferns are plants that reproduce through spores which are found on the underside of leaves. • Ferns can be found in damp and shady places. • They have roots, feathery leaves, and underground stems.
Gymnosperms • Some plants don’t have flowers or spores. • Gymnosperms are plants that produce seeds in cones.
Characteristics of Gymnosperms • Gymnosperms reproduce with cones. • They are tall evergreen trees with roots and a woody stem. • Gymnosperms have needle-shaped leaves. • They are usually found in dry places.