women nobel prize winners in science n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Women Nobel Prize Winners in Science PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Women Nobel Prize Winners in Science

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

Women Nobel Prize Winners in Science - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 240 Views
  • Uploaded on

Women Nobel Prize Winners in Science. By: Beth Hooper Karlota Owen Joanie Schmidt Brenda Shephard-Ross . Table of Contents. Marie Curie 1867-1934 By: Karlota Owen Slides 3 – 5 Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin 1910-1994 By: Joanie Schmidt Slides 6 - 8 . Barbara McClintock 1902-1992

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Women Nobel Prize Winners in Science


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
women nobel prize winners in science
Women Nobel Prize Winners in Science

By:

Beth Hooper

Karlota Owen

Joanie Schmidt

Brenda Shephard-Ross

table of contents
Table of Contents

Marie Curie 1867-1934

By: Karlota Owen

Slides 3 – 5

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin 1910-1994

By: Joanie Schmidt

Slides 6 - 8

Barbara McClintock 1902-1992

By: Brenda Shephard-Ross

Slides 9 - 11

Gertrude Elion 1918-1999

By: Beth Hooper

Slides 12 - 14

Reference Slides 15 - 19

marie curie
Marie Curie
  • Born Maria Sklodowska in Warsaw, Poland on November 6, 1867
  • Both of her parents were teachers
  • In 1891, Curie attended the Sorbonne in Paris
  • 1893, received a Bachelor’s Degree in Physics and Mathematics
  • In July 1895, She married Pierre Curie, Professor in the school of Physics
  • In 1896, She received a Teacher’s Diploma

(Portrait of Marie Curie)

the works of marie curie
The Works of Marie Curie
  • In 1897, after publishing a paper on the magnetism of steel, she began to study uranium
  • According to Pais (2006), she discovered that “Thorium oxide is even more active than metallic uranium”
  • In July 1898, with the help of her husband, Curie discovered and named Polonium
  • In December of 1898, they discovered and named radium

(Portrait of Marie and Pierre Curie)

the works of marie curie cont
The Works of Marie Curie Cont.
  • In 1903, Marie and Pierre Currie were awarded half of the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work with uranium, making her the first woman to win a Nobel Prize
  • Awarded the Davy Medal of the Royal Society
  • Became the Head of the Physics Laboratory at Sorbonne
  • In 1906, She became the first woman Professor of General Physics in the Faculty of Sciences
  • In 1911, She became the first woman to win a second Nobel Prize, this one in Chemistry
  • In 1934, She died of radiation poisoning

(Portrait of Marie Curie in her

Chemistry lab)

dorothy crowfoot hodgkin
Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin
  • Born in Cairo on May 12, 1910
  • Found an interest in chemistry and crystals at the early age of 10
  • Took a special course in crystallography and did research in x-ray crystallography
  • Received her education in chemistry at Somerville College, Oxford
  • Obtained PH.D. at Cambridge University in 1937
  • Teacher in chemistry for women’s colleges and university lecturer

(Portrait of Dorothy Hodgkin)

the works of dorothy hodgkin
The works of Dorothy Hodgkin
  • “Hodgkin studied the structures of cholecalciferol (vitamin D2) and lumisterol and, with C.H. Carlisle, she correctly analyzed cholesterol iodide, the first complex organic molecule to be determined completely by X-ray crystallography.” (Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot, (2008))
  • Working with x-ray analysis some of her discoveries were:
    • Cholesterol in 1937
    • Penicillin in 1945
    • Vitamin B12 in 1954
    • Insulin in 1969

Vitamin B12 Structure

(Mills, 2008)

the works of dorothy hodgkin cont
The works of Dorothy Hodgkin Cont.
  • In 1964 won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for the discovery of the Vitamin B12 structure
  • In 1965 she was the second woman ever to receive the honor of being admitted to the Order of Merit
  • Lenin Peace Prize in 1987

(Hodgkin with vitamin structure)

barbara mcclintock
Barbara McClintock
  • Born in Connecticut on June 16, 1902
  • Found a love for science while in high school
  • Parents not fond of post high school education for women
  • Received her BS degree in Botany in 1923/ from Cornell College of Agriculture
  • Barbara was awarded her Nobel Prize in 1983 in the category of Physiology or Medicine for her discovery of genetic transposition

(Portrait of Barbara McClintock)

the works of barbara mcclintock
The works of Barbara McClintock
  • “She indentified two new dominant and interacting genetic loci that she named Dissociator (Ds) and Activator (Ac)”. (http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Barbara_McClintock)
  • While studying the chromosomes of corn kernels she discovered that both loci could change positions or transpose on the chromosome

(Barbara McClintock with Corn)

the works of barbara mcclintock cont
The works of Barbara McClintock Cont.
  • During Barbara’s research she showed how genes were responsible for turning physical characteristics on and off during transposition
  • Since women were not allowed to major in genetics Barbara earned her MA and PhD in botany

(Barbara McClintock Postage Stamp)

gertrude elion
Gertrude Elion
  • (1918) Born in New York City to immigrant parents.
  • (1941) Graduated with Masters from New York University in Chemistry.
  • (1944) Became assistant to George Hitchings at Burroughs Wellcome Co.
  • (1950) Synthesizes Purinethol a drug that cures childhood leukemia when used with drugs later developed.
  • (1959) Imuran an immunosupressant helps organ transplantation become a viable option for patients.

Portrait of Gertrude Elion

gertrude elion s later career
Gertrude Elion’s Later Career
  • (1969) Receives Honorary Doctorate from George Washington University.
  • (1970’s) Helps create Zovirax, the first drug to treat viral infections.
  • (1984) Elion’s lab creates AZT the only AIDS drug treatment until the 1990’s.
  • (1988) Shares Nobel Prize with George Hitchings for their work on drug design and discoveries about chemotherapy.
  • (1999) Dies at the age of 81 in North Carolina.
other notable works
Other Notable Works:
  • Zyloprim which is used in the treatment of Gout.
  • Daraprim which was designed for the treatment of Malaria.
  • Septra which is used to combat meningitis, septicemia, and bacterial infections of the urinary and respiratory tracts.
  • Zovirax which is used for the treatment of viral herpes.

Gertrude Elion at her lab.

references
References

[Barbara McClintock Postage Stamp]. (n.d.). Retrieved from

http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Barbara_McClintock

[Barbara McClintock with Corn]. (n.d.). Retrieved from

http://www.fembio.org/images/uploads/WF-barbara-mcclintock.jpg

Burkhardt, C. (n.d.). Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin. Retrieved January 12, 2010 from http://www.sjsu.edu/depts/Museum/hodgki.html

Citizendium.http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Barbara_McClintock [Web] Retrieved February 9, 2010

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin. (2010). Retrieved January 21, 2010 from http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1964/hodgkin-bio.html

Dorothy Hodgkin. (n.d.). Retrieved January 21, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorothy_Hodgkin

references cont
References (Cont.)

Froman, N. (1996, December 1). Marie and Pierre Curie and the Discover of Polonium and Radium. Retrieved from http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/articles/curie/index.html

[Gertrude Elion.](n.d.). Digital image. Academy of Achievement. Web. 14 Feb. 2010. <www.achievement.org>.

[Gertrude Elion.](n.d.). Digital image. Web. 14 Feb. 2010. <www.nobelprize.org>.

Glusker, J. P. (2006) Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910-1994). In N. Byers & G. Williams (Eds.). Out of the Shadows: Contributions of twentieth-century women to physics (pp 240-261). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot (1910-1994). (2008). In Hutchinson Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Retrieved from McGraw-Hill Access Science Encyclopedia of Science & Technology Online. Retrieved February 5, 2010 from http://www.accessscience.com

references cont1
References (Cont.)

[Hodgkin with Vitamin Structure]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://z.about.com/d/chemistry/1/0/A/V/Dorothy_Crowfoot_Hodgkin.jpg

Jewish Women's Archive. "JWA - Gertrude Elion - Timeline." <http://jwa.org/exhibits/wov/elion/tmline.html> (February 14, 2010).

Les Prix Nobel. The Nobel Prizes 1988, Editor Tore Frängsmyr, [Nobel Foundation], Stockholm, 1989

Marie Curie. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1911/marie-curie-faq.html

references cont2
References (Cont.)

Mills, B. (2008). [Stick model of cyanocobalamin]. Cyanocobalamin-3D-sticks. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:cyanocobalamin-3D-stick.png

Nobel Lectures, Physics 1901-1921, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1967. Retrieved from http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1911/marie-curie-bio.html

Pais, A. Marie Curie (1867-1934). In N. Byers & G. Williams (Eds.). Out of the Shadows: Contributions of twentieth-century women to physics (pp 43-54). New York: Cambridge University Press.

[Portrait of Barbara McClintock]. (n.d.). Retrieved from

http://biology.kenyon.edu/slonc/bio3/people/mcclintock.gif

references cont3
References (Cont.)

[Portrait of Dorothy Hodgkin]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www2.chemistry.msu.edu/Portraits/images/hodgkins2c.jpg

[Portrait of Marie Curie]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1911/marie-curie-faq.html

[Portrait of Marie and Pierre Curie] (n.d.). Retrieved from http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1903/marie-curie-photo.html

[Portrait of Marie Curie in her Chemistry lab] (n.d.). Retrieved from http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1903/marie-curie-photo.html