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University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, College of Engineering Center for Applied Energy Research. Biomass Characterization. Collection/Storage Fractionation. Direct Utilization. Biomass Conversion Thermochemical | Fermentation. Catalysis. Process Development. Upgrading.

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University of kentucky college of agriculture college of engineering center for applied energy research
University of KentuckyCollege of Agriculture, College of EngineeringCenter for Applied Energy Research

Biomass Characterization

Collection/Storage

Fractionation

DirectUtilization

Biomass Conversion

Thermochemical | Fermentation

Catalysis

Process Development

Upgrading

Downstream Processing

Fuels, Chemicals, Energy


Collection characterization and direct utilization
Collection, Characterization, and Direct Utilization

  • Collection Scenarios

    • Collection and transportation economics

    • Drying and processing

    • Mechanical fractionation

  • Characterization

    • Elemental analysis (C, H, O, N)

    • Physical analysis (moisture content, ash, and calorific value)

    • Carbohydrates (HPLC)

    • Near infrared reflectance

      • rapid analysis of carbohydrates, lignin, ash, etc

    • Fuels analysis

  • Direct Utilization

    • Grindability and moisture content

    • Co-feeding for electric power production

    • Briquetted fuels


Biomass processing and conversion
Biomass Processing and Conversion

  • Thermochemical Conversion

    • Direct Liquefaction in Extruder-Reactor System

      • On-farm or on-site conversion to bio-oil

    • Bio-Oil Upgrading

      • Increase stability, reduce oxygen content

    • Indirect Liquefaction – Fischer-Tropsch Catalysis

    • Biomass Gasification – producer gas for industrial use

  • Microbial Conversion

    • Thermophilic Anaerobes – direct biomass conversion

    • Cellulase Production/Solid Substrate Cultivation

  • Catalysis for Biodiesel Production

    • Reduces washing steps, higher quality glycerol byproduct

    • Amenable to use in continuous processes

  • Downstream Processing

    • Concentrating Sugar Solutions

    • Recovery of Value-Added Products

    • Product Upgrading