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The CIA vs. The KGB. By: Paige Reinhardt. History of the CIA. Began as the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) Formed during WWII to coordinate espionage Established in 1947 when President Truman signed the National Security Act. Today’s CIA.

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the cia vs the kgb

The CIA vs. The KGB

By: Paige Reinhardt

history of the cia
History of the CIA

Began as the Office of Strategic Services (OSS)

Formed during WWII to coordinate espionage

Established in 1947 when President Truman signed the National Security Act

today s cia
Today’s CIA

Responsibility: To provide national security intelligence to senior US policymakers

The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (signed by President Bush)

Headquarters: Fairfax County, VA

AKA: “The Company” or “The Agency”

the director of the cia
The Director of the CIA

Nominated by the President with consent from the senate

Manages operations, personnel, and budget

Leon Panetta

(2009-Present)

the four basic components
The Four Basic Components
  • National Clandestine Service:
    • Human Source Intelligence
    • Live and work overseas
  • Directorate of Intelligence:
    • Analyze intelligence and produce reports etc.
  • Directorate of Science and Technology:
    • Gather information to facilitate execution of the mission
  • Directorate of Support:
    • Provides 24/7 support
what do they do
What do they do?

Collect info about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals to advise policy makers

Conduct covert operations

https://www.cia.gov/index.html - video

strategic intent 2007 2011
Strategic Intent 2007-2011

The roadmap for the next five years

Enables them to operate as a team and fulfill the most important missions

history of the kgb
History of the KGB

Originated as the Cheka in Dec. 1917

Headed by Felix Dzerzhinshy

Became the KGB on March 13, 1954

Originally controlled

by the Council of

Ministers

the kgb in recent years
The KGB in Recent Years

The National Security Agency of the USSR

Headquarters: Moscow, Russia

Has special departments in all major factories, enterprises and government institutions

Pronunciation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ru-KGB.ogg#file

what did they do
What did they do?
  • Perform clandestine operations to further Soviet foreign policy goals
    • Ex: disinformation
  • Thought to support international terrorism
  • Helped organize military training and provide arms to third world, leftist guerrillas
  • Arrest and investigate political and economic crimes within Russia
end of the kgb
End of the KGB

August of 1991: head officials were arrested including Boris Yeltsin, Col. Boris B, Vladimir Kryuchkov

VadimBakatin took over but signed a decree to abolish the KGB in October 1991

KGB dissolved along with the USSR

who took o ver s tate s ecurity
Who Took Over State Security?

Many organizations including the Foreign Intelligence Service, the Federal Agency for government Communications and Information, and the Federal Security Service

A law was drafter to reinstate the a single state security organization in October 1997 however it was not supported by the Russian Government

similarities
Similarities

Both ran similar clandestine operations and spy networks, but they used information in different ways

Both received government support

differences
Differences

The KGB supported terrorism while the CIA fights terrorism

The KGB held a monopoly in the world of espionage and used their powers in detrimental ways

The KGB was more experienced and held more power during the Cold War

Cultural differences between KGB and CIA

impact on globalization
Impact on Globalization

KGB had a huge impact on world peace up until the early ‘90s

CIA currently links together and works closely with nations throughout the world

Counterintelligence

is still a top priority

in the US which has

deep connections in

most countries

references
References
  • "About CIA &mdash; Central Intelligence Agency." Welcome to the CIA Web Site &mdash; Central Intelligence Agency. Web. 02 Nov. 2009. <https://www.cia.gov/about-cia/index.html>.
  • "Central Intelligence Agency -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Web. 02 Nov. 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CIA>.
  • "Former CIA and KGB agents share inside look at espionage." Google. Web. 02 Nov. 2009. <http://74.125.93.132/search?q=cache:7Etp75NdkLwJ:www.udel.edu/PR/UDaily/2003/spies031303.html+the+CIA+compared+to+the+KGB&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us>.
  • "KGB -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Web. 02 Nov. 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KGB>.
  • "KGB Committee for State Security - Russia / Soviet Intelligence Agencies." Federation of American Scientists. Web. 02 Nov. 2009. <http://www.fas.org/irp/world/russia/kgb/index.html>.
  • Pictures:
    • http://images.brisbanetimes.com.au/2009/07/16/636385/Leon-Panetta-420x0.jpg
    • http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/world_maps/world_pol98.jpg
    • http://defendingtheblueline.com/US_FLAG.jpg
    • http://www.coldwar.hu/html/en/finding_aids/flags/Flag_USSR.jpg