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Enhancing coordination in Social Protection Team 4: How can coordination in social protection be enhanced in Tanzania?
Outline Principles of social protection framework Institutional set up for coordination Current interventions: delivery and institutional host Challenges Recommendations
Principles for Social protection • Universal provision of social protection to address generalized insecurity • Recognition and respect for the positive social and cultural norms and practices in the country • Investment in long-term human and systemic capabilities • Broad-based community participation and decision-making • Adherence to gender equality and equity, children’s rights, and the rights of other vulnerable groups • Coordination and harmonization of social protection programs • Integrated Approach • International Standards and Codes • Good governance and accountability • Sustainability
Institutional set up on national level • PEED/MOF : internal coordination within MOF • Bringing the evidence base • Policy formulation and enforcement of guiding policies, laws, regulations and guidelines, standards and principle of delivery; • Oversight of policy implementation in line with principles and delivery standards • Coordinate capacity development of social protection delivery systems; • Mobilize resources and ensure accountability in their use.
National group on SP: MDAs, development partners, and civil society organizations, The WG is chaired by the MOF (PEED) and UNICEF (DPs) The broad objective : of the SPWG is to help and guide GoT efforts towards operationalising the NSPF in line with the focus of the next MKUKUTA (2010-2015), and link it to national budgeting considerations to guide actions and anchor implementation and prioritization. Specific objectives: • Strengthening the evidence base for social protection. • Exploring policy and program options for cushioning the impact of the crisis. • Policy development and implementation. • Advocacy and engagement strategy with national processes, institutions and stakeholders towards promoting systematic and high level involvement of a broad group of stakeholders in stimulating a better-informed debate about social protection.
Role of sector MDAs 1. Formulation of specific policies, laws, regulations and guidelines in their respective mandates; 2. Coordination of social protection program implementation; 3. Development and implementation of specific initiatives and programs in line with standards; 4. Collection and analysis of data and information to all stakeholders in their mandates; 5. Periodic assessment of the national status of poverty and vulnerability as part of ongoing monitoring and evaluation in their mandates; 6. Reports on performance.
RAS level 1. Participation in the identification and selection of beneficiaries in their respective regions; 2. Coordination and supervision of interventions, ensuring adherence to national standards; 3. Monitoring and evaluation of social protection interventions in their respective regions; 4. Collection and provision of information to national level institutions to facilitate national coordination, monitoring and evaluation; 5. Provide technical and logistical support to LGAs.
Local government authorities (LGAs) • Participate in identifying and selecting beneficiaries within their jurisdiction • Coordinate and supervise interventions, ensuring adherence to national standards • Develop and implement specific social protection initiatives • Monitor and evaluate social protection interventions • Collect and provide information to national level institutions
Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) Develop and implement specific social protection initiatives Support ongoing initiatives that match their own priorities Advocate and support social protection interventions within communities
Communities Promote the family and other informal social protection mechanism as well as broader social capital Provide grassroots data for development, coordination and program evaluations Participate in planning and implementing local social protection initiatives
Success • Moving towards a more coordinated structure with PEED taking the lead • New energy injected into coordination process through e.g. the workshop • NSPG has been set-up
Challenges • Lack of clarity of definition of Social Protection (narrow vs broad) • leads to confusion for implementers • Lack of clarity of roles and responsibilities of MDAs • Fragmentation in: • Policies • Implementation • Structure (Government Dept’s) • Funding (DPs) • M&E • MIS
Challenges • Mismatch between responsibilities and resources • Lack of Capacity • Financial • Human Resources • Technical • Lack of information sharing • Role of SSRA in non-contributory schemes unclear • PEED faces staffing and financial resource challenges • PEED has been moved around several times
Recommendations Adopt and implement NSPF Operationalize and strengthen NSPG Clarify the role of the highest level groups in SP coordination (NSC, headed by PM; PSs’ forum) Ensure that all implementers are represented in NSPG Resource of PEED adequately
Recommendations Develop coordination mechanisms in the following areas (DrLikwelile’s proposal): • Policy • Regulation • Implementation • M&E
… on Policy and Regulation Clearly define roles and responsibilities of sector MDAs with regards to policy setting and regulation Sharpen definitions of social protection, vulnerability,… for making them actionable Monitor compliance of SP initiatives with NSPF Clarify the role of Regulators in the coordination structure (non/contributory schemes)
… on implementation Establish integrated database of all social protection initiatives Implement single registry of beneficiaries Harmonize methods for enrolment of beneficiaries Explore what role big implementers can take on, e.g. TASAF Ensure portability of benefits when moving between jurisdictions
… on M&E Strengthen harmonized data collection and transmission systems for Social Protection initiatives Develop a common M&E framework and standards for initiatives (explore role of NBS, think tanks) Develop an M&E framework for NSPF, linked to MKUKUTA Coordinate (external) evaluations of pilot projects
Participants in group 4 Josephine Lyengi Martha Mariki Kai Straehler - Pohl Ladislaus Mwamanga Pindi Chana Ahmed Haji Christina Popivanova Charles Kamugisha Gertrude Mapunda