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Parts of Speech - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Parts of Speech. Parts of Speech. Nouns- person, place, thing or idea Pronouns- replace nouns Verbs- express an action or state of being Verbals - words formed from verbs, but act as another part of speech Adjectives- describe nouns Adverbs- describe verbs or adjectives

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parts of speech2
Parts of Speech
  • Nouns- person, place, thing or idea
  • Pronouns- replace nouns
  • Verbs- express an action or state of being
  • Verbals- words formed from verbs, but act as another part of speech
  • Adjectives- describe nouns
  • Adverbs- describe verbs or adjectives
  • Conjunctions- connect two sentences, subjects, or verbs
  • Prepositions- connect the word or words that follow them with another part of the sentence
proper nouns
Proper Nouns
  • Always capitalized
    • Specific places, people, and things
      • Can I point to it?
    • Titles– Capitalize first word, all important words, and last word
      • Albums/Songs/Novels/ Poems/Movies/ TV Shows/Books/ Nicknames Pete Browning “The Louisville Slugger”

Muhammad Ali “The Greatest”

“Mr.” Jon Graham

“Reverend” Brown

“Gone With the Wind”

“Sounds of Silence”

“I Love Lucy”

“I Shall Overcome”

“The Red Wheelbarrow”

possessive nouns
Possessive Nouns
  • Singular Possessive
    • Apostrophe then the letter “S”
      • Examples:
        • Mr. Graham’s baby
        • The student’s book
      • Exceptions– Words ending in “s” already
      • Simply add an apostrophe to the end
        • Jesus’ word
  • Plural Possessive
    • Pluralize (usually and “s”) plus an apostrophe
      • Examples:
        • The Grahams’ baby
        • The students’ book
      • Exceptions
        • Words ending in “s” already
          • Simply add an apostrophe to the end
          • The class’ word
        • Irregular s– Usually, add apostrophe “s”
          • The children’s books
          • The oxen’s yoke
pronouns
Pronouns
  • 3 Cases
    • Nominatives- Usually found at the beginning of the sentence as the subject
    • Objective- Usually found at the end of the sentence (after the predicate) as the direct object or indirect object.
    • Possessives- Shows possession or ownership.
adverbs
Adverbs
  • Adverbs
    • Describe both verbs and adjectives
    • Usually end in –ly
    • Usually right before or after the word the4y describe
    • Tells how much or how
adjectives
Adjectives
  • Adjectives
    • Describe nouns
    • Usually just before the noun or pronoun it describes
comparatives superlatives
Comparatives/Superlatives

Comparatives

Superlatives

Compares 3 or more things

Regular  add –est

Silly-silliest

Irregular  most

Fun- most fun

Really irregular

Bad- worst

Compares 2 things

  • Regular add –er
    • Silly- sillier
  • Irregular  more
    • Fun- more fun
  • Really irregular
    • Bad- worse