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VOLLEYBALL OFFICIALS EDUCATION PROGRAM. WORKING RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN OFFICIALS –COACHES AND OFFICIALS- PLAYERS. INTRODUCTION.

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slide1

VOLLEYBALL OFFICIALS

EDUCATION PROGRAM

slide2

WORKING RELATIONSHIPS

BETWEEN

OFFICIALS –COACHES

AND

OFFICIALS- PLAYERS

slide3

INTRODUCTION

This presentation is meant to give general guidelines to help officials reduce conflict and assist in defusing situations between officials and coaches, or officials and players.

slide4

INTRODUCTION

No individual can tell you how to deal with every situation. Your personal strengths and experiences will aid you when working with coaches and players.

Hopefully, the following slides will promote discussion among officials.

slide5

General Game Management

Topics this Presentation will address

Attitude

What to say in a discussion with a coach/player/fan

How to say it

What to ask your partner

How to end the discussion with a coach/player/fan

Unsporting Conduct Penalties

A Match Disqualification

slide6

General Game Management

THE FIRST REFEREE IS IN CHARGE

The R2 should never openly question the R1’s decisions in front of coaches, players, or fans.

The R2 should offer opinions/input only in a private official huddle or when asked by the R1.

slide7

General Game Management

When a coach requests time-out to discuss

a non-judgment decision with the R1

Grant a team time-out when all play has ended

Allow the coach to approach the referee’s stand

Take this time to replay the situation in your head and gather your thoughts

Keep discussion to a “one on one” meeting

The R2 should keep other participants away from the discussion area

The R1 should discuss the play with a “calm” coach

“Coach, calm down and talk in a normal voice and we will discuss this”

If the R1’s decision stands, the team is charged with a time-out

If the R1’s decision is changed, no team time-out is charged

slide8

General Game Management

When an R1 or R2 is approached by a coach/player/fan

Never use any kind of aggressive speech or body language

Keep your hands at your side or behind your back

Never place a hand on a coach, player, or spectator

When in a discussion with a coach, player, or fan do not raise your voice or make any threats

Discuss the rules using “rule language”

If the discussion begins to get “out of hand”, use your yellow or red card

Walk away from any confrontation ASAP

If confronted by a spectator, an official should contact host management ASAP

slide9

General Game Management

DO NOT get into a debate about a judgment call

Judgment calls CANNOT be questioned

slide10

General Game Management

When a coach and R1 have a discussion about rule during a match, let the coach speak first and remember…

The R1 should not give the coach ammunition to use against you during the discussion

If the coach has a question about the play, let the coach ask it

Find out what piece of information the coach thinks you missed on the play, not just that you missed the call

slide11

Attitude of the Official

Officials should not have an “Attitude”

Officials must be approachable

Officials must REMAIN CALM

Officials should not show emotion (anger, frustration)

Officials should not take questioning personally

Officials should be aware of his/her body language

Officials should not be afraid to be wrong. Get the call right

If coach has a legitimate point, don’t be afraid to ask your partner for help

slide12

WHAT TO SAY

Remember…

More is less. Say as few words as possible to make your point.

Use rule book terminology as much as possible. It is not as easy to twist your words if you quote the rule book.

Never forget the “J” word. Judgment calls cannot be questioned but, you must have good judgment.

Never make a situation worse than it already is. Be part of the solution, not part of the problem.

slide13

WHAT TO SAY

Use positive language

“From my angle this is what I saw…”

“Here is what we have based on …..”

Stay away from open ended answers

“I think I saw….”

“I’m pretty sure it should be…..”

“I think the rule is…”

“I’m not really sure what happened

slide14

HOW TO SAY IT

Remain Calm

Speak softly in your normal voice. This makes people focus more on your words and shows that you are in control.

Never get into a yelling match with a coach/player/or fan.

Remain on topic. Only address the items that have to do with the call/play in question.

slide15

HOW TO SAY IT

Never lower yourself to the emotional level

of a coach, player, or fan.

Remember, you are there to aid in the successful and fair conclusion of the match.

Rule as you see and understand the situation and the rule.

Be professional. It is all that you need to show off.

slide16

WHAT TO ASK YOUR PARTNER

If the coach has a reasonable request don’t be afraid to go to your partner for his/her input.

--”I called the ball out of bounds, did you see it?”

--”I called a touch by player #5, did you see it touched?”

Discuss the coach’s request for more information with your partner

--”Did you see it hit the line?”

--”Did the player touch the ball?”

--”etc.”

slide17

WHAT NOT TO DISCUSS WITH YOUR

PARTNER WHILE ON THE COURT

Do not get into discussing/changing a judgmentcall.

--”Was the ball in the plane of the net when touched?”

--”Did the setter have prolonged contact with the ball?”

Judgment calls cannot be challenged.

Only discuss items that your partner might have seen that you were blocked from seeing.

Stick to the piece of the puzzle the coach thinks you are missing.

slide18

HOW TO END DISCUSSIONS

Tell the coach the results

--After the coach/official discussion

--After rethinking the rule/play

--Or from meeting with your partner

There will be times when the coach doesn’t like your answer.

--Use the yellow/red card if necessary to end the discussion

Know when it’s time to resume play

slide19

HOW TO END DISCUSSIONS

Always be a calming effect

Never bait a coach or player

--“One more word and I will…”

Don’t “chase” a coach

--If the coach is walking away, let the conversation end unless

comments are made that need to be dealt with

Have a short, but “good” memory

--If there is a disagreement early in the match, don’t bring it back

up later in the match.

--If the coach’s behavior progressively gets worse, deal with it

when necessary.

slide20

UNSPORTING CONDUCT PENALTIES

Know your line and what it takes to cross it

--Use the yellow and red cards to establish the line

What is your line?

--Foul language?

--Aggressive behavior?

--Repeated questioning of judgment calls?

--Criticizing the opposing coach/player(s)

--Other?

slide21

UNSPORTING CONDUCT PENALTIES

Rule 12-2-9

ART. 9 . . . Unsporting conduct by a player includes but is not limited to:

a. Use of disconcerting acts or words when an opponent is about to play

the ball;

b. Disrespectfully addressing a referee and/or other match officials;

c. Questioning or trying to influence referees' decisions;

d. Showing disgust with referees' decisions;

e. Using profane or insulting language or gestures or baiting/taunting anyone involved in the contest;

f. Making any contact with an opponent which is deemed unnecessary and which incites roughness;

g. Using any part of a teammate's body or any object to gain physical support for advantage in playing the ball;

h. Deliberately serving prior to the signal for serve;

i. Abusing the re-serve rule;

j. Spitting other than into the proper receptacle;

k. Making any excessive requests designed to disrupt the set.

slide22

UNSPORTING CONDUCT PENALTIES

Please Review The

Procedure For Unsporting Conduct Violations

“Card system for Unsporting Conduct Violation”

Section F of the NFHS Volleyball Case/Manual

slide23

UNSPORTING CONDUCT PENALTIES

Rule 12-3: Unsporting Conduct: Spectators

When a spectator becomes unruly or interferes with the orderly progress of the set, the first referee shall suspend the set until the host management resolves the situation and the set can proceed in an orderly manner.

NOTE: In the absence of a designated school representative, the home head coach shall serve as the host management.

slide24

A MATCH DISQUALIFICATION

Once someone has been ejected from the match…

The R1 and R2 should remain calm and professional while displaying

the Yellow/Red cards

No need to “show up” the coach/player being ejected

Look for the path of least resistance

R2--Inform a head coach and scorer of the ejection

--If a player - inform the head coach and scorer

--If the head coach--inform the head coach, assistant coach, and

scorer

--If there is no other authorized school personnel available,

the team shall forfeit the match

slide25

Filing a Report with the IHSAA

Go to www.ihsaa.org

Obtain an Unsporting Behavior Form for officials

Complete the form

Return to IHSAA within 48 hours of the contest

Any yellow card, red card, or ejection assessed to a player or coach MUST be reported to the IHSAA by the first referee.

slide26

FILING A REPORT

UNSPORTING BEHAVIOR REPORT FORM

from www.ihsaa.org