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Tsar Boris III PowerPoint Presentation
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Tsar Boris III

Tsar Boris III

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Tsar Boris III

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  1. Tsar Boris III Mary Wade

  2. Early Life (1894-1918) • First Son of Tsar Ferdinand and Princess Maria Louise • Born January 30, 1894 • February 1896 – baptized Orthodox Christian • Educated at the Palace and in Military School • Served in the Balkan Wars and WWI • October 3, 1918 assumed the throne

  3. Early Reign (1918-1934) • Agrarian Rule under Stamboliiski • Two attempted Assassination of Boris • 1930 Boris married Princess Giovanna of Italy • Coup of 1934 – Zveno Military Organization takes over • Installation of Andrei Toshev as Prime Minister

  4. Personal Rule of Boris III (1934-1941) • Boris was determined to take back power and create peace • Toshev could not fulfill his duties • GeorgiKioseivanov replaced Toshev • February 1936 - Velchevreenters Bulgaria after being exiled • Velchev’s trial gave Boris an excuse to dissolve the Military League • There were still threats from other political groups • 1940 - Kioseivanovreplaced by Filov

  5. World War II • September 1939 – start of WWII • September 1940 – Nazi-Soviet cooperation force Romania to cede Southern Dobrudja back to Bulgaria • Internal pressure for Boris to align with Germany • 3 March 1941 – Bulgaria becomes part of the German-Italian-Japanese tripartite pact • Boris still did not fully cooperate with the Germans • April 1941 – West Thrace and Serbian Macedonia are returned to Bulgaria as occupied territories

  6. Saving of the Jews • October 1941 – Beckerle commands greater restrictions on Jews • Early 1942 – New legislation implements these restrictions • August 1942 – Law passes that Jews in the occupied territories are not Bulgarian citizens • March 1943 – Deportation of Jews in occupied territories • Campaigns in Bulgaria against the deportation • Boris repeatedly stood up to Hitler and refused to allow the deportation of 50,000 Bulgarian Jews

  7. Death of Boris • 9 August 1943 – Boris meets with Hitler • 15 August 1943 – Boris returns to Bulgaria in ill-health • 28 August 1943 – Boris dies • Succeeded by Simeon II, Boris’ 16-year-old son • Funeral: Alexander Nevsky Cathedral • Burial: Rila Monastery