Nathaniel Hawthorne Young Goodman Brown
Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804-1864 • Born in Salem, Massachusetts • Puritan Background • Ancestor of John Hathorne – one of the three judges in the Salem Witch Trials
Hawthorne’s Background • Began writing after college • Spent many years in seclusion – “starving artist” • Held many jobs including writer and publisher
His Themes in Writing • Moral allegories • The sinful man • Hypocrisy • The dark side of human nature • The religious
Who were the Puritans? • Wanted a “pure” church • No candles • No Images • No stained glass windows • Rejected the “showy” church of England • Led very somber lives governed solely by a strict interpretation of the Bible • No “nonsense” – dancing, gambling, drama, etc
Basic Beliefs of the Puritan Church • Jesus Christ is the Son of God – died on the cross for everyone’s sins • The whole Bible is the word of God and it is to be followed to the letter. • The belief in these ideas are fact is known as a person’s faith • Faith: strong belief in God or in the doctrines of a religion, based on spiritual understanding rather than proof.
Basic Beliefs of the Puritan Church • Faith is what is necessary to get into heaven. • If you don’t go to heaven you go to hell. • Sins, as defined by the Bible, are to be avoided at cut out of life • A catechism is a book that is used to teach basic principles of the church
The Infamous Puritans • The Salem Witch Trials put the Puritans prominently in the history books
And Now, Nathanial Hawthorn’s Short Story “Young Goodman Brown”
Some Basics… • Characters • Young Goodman Brown • His wife: Faith • Mysterious man in the forest with a strange looking staff
Some Basics… • Minor Character’s Notes… • Constable: person in law enforcement • Deacon: position in church held by congregation member • Goody: abbr. of “goodwife”, female version of goodman • Reverend: pastor • Sabbath: day of rest in the Christian church – in this case, Sunday
YGB as an Allegory • What is an allegory? • A story where everythingis a symbol • Used commonly to instruct especially in religious matters • SYMBOL: An object, person, or event that functions as itself, but also stands for something more than itself. • For example a dove stands for Peace.
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown – Basics • The Snake Satan – • The Devil
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown - Basics • The Forest • Evil / Sin
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown – Basics • Stars / Sky / Heavenly Bodies • Heaven / Connection with God
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown - Basics • White Purity • Red Sin • Pink ????
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown - Basics • Fire • Hell
The Allegory of Young Goodman Brown – now, not basic • Young Goodman Brown • The common Christian man – brown is neutral (can apply to or be anyone) • Faith • A Christian’s faith • Witches • Satan / Evil
Another literary term feather for your literary term cap… • Imagery: words and phrases that re-create vivid sensory experiences for the reader. Usually imagery is visual, but often it is written to the senses of smell, hearing, taste, and touch
Complete C-Notes Questions & Summary (due in-class) • 4: level one questions • 3: level two questions • 3: level three questions • Make sure you space the questions throughout both pages of notes • Write a 5 sentence summary on the bottom of the notes in the box provided