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Nathaniel Hawthorne. Born Salem, Massachusetts, July 4, 1804. From a prominent Puritan family. Earliest American ancestor was William Hawthorne—1630—he was a soldier and magistrate. Nathaniel Hawthorne.

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nathaniel hawthorne
Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Born Salem, Massachusetts, July 4, 1804.
  • From a prominent Puritan family.
  • Earliest American ancestor was William Hawthorne—1630—he was a soldier and magistrate.
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Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • William mainly remembered for having condemned a Quaker woman to be led around by carts and whipped through the streets of Boston and other towns.
  • This creates conflicting attitudes: solid accomplishment vs. great guilt
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Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Hawthorne associated these attitudes with Puritanism as a whole.
  • His works deal with guilt and the Puritan moral code as well as human loneliness and sin.
  • He worked for the Boston customhouse, then joined Brook Farm
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Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Married Sophia Peabody—happy marriage.
  • She in many ways was Hawthorne’s model for Hester Prynne.
  • He was one of the first writers to create a truly psychological novel.
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Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Issues and Themes in SL
    • Psychology
    • Puritanism
    • Evil
    • Symbols
    • Sin
    • Romance
    • Heart
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Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Hawthorne’s fiction is fueled by an awareness of the guilt that accompanies a Puritan conscience.
  • His familial background contributed to his darkness.
  • He participated in the Brook Farm Experiment.
transcendentalism
Transcendentalism

Transcendentalismwas a 19th century movement in the Romantic tradition which held that every individual can reach ultimate truths through spiritual intuition, which transcends reason and sensory experience.

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Transcendentalism

Basic tenets of Transcendentalists

  • God is present in every aspect of Nature, including every human being.
  • Everyone is capable of apprehending God through the use of intuition.
transcendentalism2
Transcendentalism

3. The belief that all of Nature is symbolic of the spirit.

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