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Industrial relations

Industrial relations. Jackie MORIN European Commission. From 6 to 27 members and beyond. Increase in EU Population during past enlargements. Potential further enlargements. Averages for the diverse EU enlargements. The Europeanisation of industrial relations. Social Agenda.

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Industrial relations

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  1. Industrial relations Jackie MORIN European Commission

  2. From 6 to 27 members and beyond Increase in EU Population during past enlargements

  3. Potential further enlargements

  4. Averages for the diverse EU enlargements

  5. The Europeanisation of industrial relations

  6. Social Agenda

  7. Social realities – Facts EU per capita € 23.000 6.5 million new jobs in the last two years. An increase in productivity growth for the first time in 10 years. Unemployment the lowest in 25 years. Unemployment among 25 to 64-year-olds just 4.7%, compared with 11.2% for those with only a lower secondary education. Millions of vacancies in Europe are unfilled because there are not enough people with the right skills to fill them. New workforce and skills from EU12

  8. Social realities - Challenges 78 million people at risk and 8% working poor Unequal access to schooling, training, health care, housing, quality jobs 40% of all contracts “a-typical” and this concerns most jobs created since 2000 especially for young people, women and/or migrants Limited mobility

  9. Unemployment in Europe 2010

  10. MS’ policies towards workers from NMS Restrictions Free access EU 10

  11. Resident foreign nationals from EU10 (% of total population)

  12. A contrasted reality Median age of the EU will increase between 2004 and 2050 from 39 to 49 Old-age dependency ratio, will rise from 25% presently up to 53% in 2050 Dürers mother Sophia Loren with 63 years with 63 years

  13. Perception & citizens concerns • Focus on personal well being (health, family, friends), less on collective interest (helping others, religion, politics) • Future concerns: unemployment, environment, education, pensions • People’s lives in 20 years’ time? Worse according to 49% EU respondents (38% better)

  14. The EU in the world Population in millions, 2005 GDP in millions of euro, 2005

  15. Médailles d’Or 2008

  16. European Social Policy Legislation Mobility Gender equality Working conditions Health and Safety European Social Dialogue Social Agenda European Social Funds Open Method of Coordination Employment Social protection European Commission

  17. New Social Agenda Directives European Works Council Principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation Maritime Labour Convention Application of patients' rights in cross-border healthcare Communications Non-discrimination and equal opportunities Solidarity in the face of change: The European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF) in 2007 Improving competences for the 21st Century Working documents The role of transnational company agreements Restructuring and Employment Report on the implementation of the European social partners' Framework Agreement on Telework First biennial report on the situation of social services of general interest in the EU

  18. European actionon IR

  19. Role and importance of social dialogue at EU level ART 138 of the Treaty The Commission has a responsibility to promote consultation of the social partners at community level and to take every useful measure to facilitate their dialogue, taking care to ensure a balanced support of both sides. The Commission consults social partners first Social partners can engage into a dialogue ART 139 of the Treaty The Community level dialogue between the social partners can lead, if they wish it, to contractual relations, including agreements. The implementation can be made either by an EU instrument or through national channels • New Article 152 • The Union recognises and promotes the role of the social partners at its level, • taking into account the diversity of national systems. • It shall facilitate dialogue between the social partners, respecting their autonomy. • The Tripartite Social Summit for Growth and Employment • shall contribute to social dialogue.

  20. TRIPARTITE Tripartite Social Summit Macroeconomic dialogue Dialogue on education Dialogue on employment High level groups What forms does the European Social Dialogue take? “Val Duchesse” Social Dialogue Sectoral social dialogue committees Transnational agreements Autonomous BIPARTITE Cross industry Sectoral Company European Commission

  21. The different roles of the social partners

  22. Since 1999 – Forum for synchronizing wage policy with monetary policy EBC Council COM Macro-economic dialogue BE ETUC

  23. Since 2003 – Lisbon Strategy Presidency COM Tripartite social Summit Sectors UEAPME CEC Euro-cadres CEEP ETUC BE

  24. Since 1985 – Val Duchesse Unions Unions Unions Bipartite dialogue Empl Empl Empl

  25. SSDC – Quantitative evolution Football Hospitals Steel Shipbuilding Gas Catering Local government Audiovisual Chemical industry

  26. 36 Sectoral SD Committees Sea transport Road transport Civil aviation Inland navigation Railways Agriculture Extractive Industry Sea fishing Sea Ports Steel Shipbuilding Automobile Non ferrous metal Metal sector Textile/clothing Tanning/leather Footwear Personal services Cleaning industry Private security Construction Sport Football Professional cycling Telecommunications Postal services Woodworking Furniture Sugar Electricity Gas Temporary agency work Banking Insurance Hospitals Local government Central administration Education Live performance Audiovisual Chemical Horeca Catering Commerce

  27. Main issues at sectoral level Inland waterways Negotiation on Working time Multi sectoral 1/3 parties violence Public procurements Mobility passports Hairdressers Discussion on Skills certificate Tanning Agreement on social reporting Steel Joint position on Climate change Chemical Industry Emission trading Regim FIA’s Agriculture Agripass / Mobility Hospitals Needle stick injuries

  28. 4 Agreements establishing minimum standards implemented by Council decision • European agreement on the organisation of working time of seafarers, 1998 • European agreement on the organisation of working time of mobile workers in civil aviation, 2000 • Agreement on certain aspects of the working conditions of mobile workers assigned to interoperable cross-border services, 2005 • Agreement on the maritime labour convention, 2008 European Commission

  29. 2Autonomous Agreements establishing minimum standards implemented by the procedures and practices specific to management and labour and the Member States • Agreement on the European licence for drivers carrying out a cross-border interoperability service, 2004 • Social Dialogue Agreement on Crystalline Silica, 2006 Implementation reports by the social partners

  30. Main issues at cross-industry level Implementation of previous agreements Stress at work Harassment and violence Seminars on restructuring Capacity Building programme Framework of Action on employment Negotiation 2008 Revision of Parental Leave Agreement / Directive Negotiation 2008 Inclusive labour market (autonomous agreement)

  31. 3 Agreements establishing minimum standards implemented by Council decision • Framework agreement on parental leave, 1995 • Framework agreement on part-time work, 1997 • Framework agreement on fixed-term work, 1999 • Parental leave revision European Commission

  32. 3Autonomous Agreements establishing minimum standards implemented by the procedures and practices specific to management and labour and the Member States • Framework agreement on telework, 2002 • Agreement on Stress at work, 2004 • Harassement and violence at work, 2007 • Inclusive Labour Markets Implementation reports by the social partners

  33. Telework • First autonomous agreement (July 2002) • Reference to Article 139 • General framework of rules for telework (equal rights, voluntary character, data protection, privacy, equipment, health and safety, training etc.) • Implementation by members of signatory parties (3 year period)

  34. The process on telework Promotion phase July 2008 – Commission working paper on telework Implementation phase 28 June 2006 - Adoption of the report on the implementation of the agreement 2003 - 2005 - Implementation & regular reporting Negotiation phase 16 July 2002 - Signature of the framework agreement on Telework 12 Nov. 2001 - Opening of the negotiations 20 Sept 2001 - Social partners announced their intention to start negotiations Consultation phase 16 March 2001 – Launch of the 2d phase of consultation 20 June 2000 – Launch of the first phase of consultation by the Commission

  35. Choice of instruments Collective agreements (incl. sectoral – DK) Other agreements (recommendations to lower levels) Guidelines, recommendations Legislation Other No implementation

  36. Variations across the member StatesModels or clusters of Industrial relations

  37. EU Support tools EU exchanges – link between european and national Levels – Expertise, information, training Budget lines 04.03.03.01 and 04.03.03.02 National capacity reinforcement ESF – Article 5.3 http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/esf/index_en.htm

  38. More Information …EUROPA website for social dialogue http://ec.europa.eu/socialdialogue European Commission

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