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TRAIL BRIDGE INSPECTION 101. Mission Statement. This PowerPoint is intended to familiarize the budding inspector with bridge terminology and concepts so they are ready and able to participate in a more in-depth discussions during the classroom sessions. Trail Bridges 101.

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TRAIL BRIDGE INSPECTION 101


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    1. TRAIL BRIDGE INSPECTION 101

    2. Mission Statement This PowerPoint is intended to familiarize the budding inspector with bridge terminology and concepts so they are ready and able to participate in a more in-depth discussions during the classroom sessions.

    3. Trail Bridges 101 Why do we inspect trail bridges? Who can inspect trail bridges? What is a trail bridge? What does that bridge term mean? What are checks, splits, etc? What tools do I need for inspection? What should I wear for safety?

    4. Why do we inspect trail bridges? • Safety!! • National Bridge Inspection Standards It’s just water over the bridge…☺

    5. During the bridge construction boom of the 1950’s and 1960’s, little emphasis was placed on safety inspection and maintenance of bridges. This changed when the 2,235 foot Silver Bridge at Point Pleasant, WV, collapsed into the Ohio River, on Dec. 15,1967. 46 people were killed. Bridge Inspection History

    6. The Federal Highway Act of 1968 required the Secretary of Transportation to establish a national bridge inspection standard and develop a program to train bridge inspectors. National Bridge Inspection Standards were developed for Road Bridges. Bridge Inspection History

    7. FSM 7736.33 - Qualifications of Personnel Responsible for Trail Bridges Inspection and Condition Assessment Qualification and certification requirements shall be established by Regional guidance (FSH 7709.56b, sec. 05). Forest Service Trail BridgeInspector Qualifications

    8. What is a Trail Bridge? General Definition of a Trail Bridge from the TRAIL BRIDGE MATRIX: A trail structure, including supports, erected over a depression or obstruction such as water, roadway, trail, or railway that provides a continuous pathway and has a deck for carrying traffic or other loads.

    9. Trail Bridge Matrix

    10. Trail Bridge Matrix

    11. Classification of Trail Bridges TRAIL BRIDGE MATRIX: • Complex • Major • Minor * Inspection interval for all trail bridge classifications is every 5 years

    12. Complex Trail Bridge • Whose failure likely would put the public at risk • Made of wood, concrete, fiberglass, steel, suspension, or trusses • Usually greater than 20 ft long & • Greater than 5 ft height • Single or multiple span • Any bridge that requires higher inspection skills • Requires a technical inspection by an engineer or engineering technician certified road bridge inspector

    13. COMPLEX TRAIL BRIDGE Example: Steel Deck Truss

    14. COMPLEX TRAIL BRIDGE Example: Fiberglass

    15. COMPLEX TRAIL BRIDGE Example: Steel Thru Truss

    16. COMPLEX TRAIL BRIDGE Example: Old Railroad Trestle

    17. COMPLEX TRAIL BRIDGE Example: Suspension

    18. COMPLEX TRAIL BRIDGE Other Examples of Complex Trail Bridges: Concrete Masonry Arches Multi-Span Structures Complex Designs

    19. Major Trail Bridge • Whose failure likely would put the public at risk • Made of wood (log/timber/glulam) • Greater than 20 ft long & • Greater than 5 ft height • Single span • Requires a technical inspection by a person: 1. Trained specifically for log and/or timber trail bridge inspections; and 2. Deemed qualified, based on Regional Guidance.

    20. MAJOR TRAIL BRIDGE Wood and >20 ft long and >5 ft high and single span Example: Treated Log Stringer

    21. MAJOR TRAIL BRIDGE Wood and >20 ft long and >5 ft high and single span Example: Untreated Log Stringer

    22. MAJOR TRAIL BRIDGE Wood and >20 ft long and >5 ft high and single span Example: Glulam Beam

    23. MAJOR TRAIL BRIDGE Wood and >20 ft long and >5 ft high and single span Example: Sawn Lumber

    24. Minor Trail Bridge • Whose failure poses no significant risk to the public • Made of wood (log/timber/glulam) • Less than 20 ft long or • Less than 5 ft height • Requires a condition assessment by a person trained and qualified, based on Regional Guidance.

    25. MINOR TRAIL BRIDGE Wood and <20 ft long or <5 ft above stream Example: Sawn Lumber

    26. MINOR TRAIL BRIDGE Wood and <20 ft long or <5 ft above stream Example: Log Stringer

    27. WHY WE INSPECT TRAIL BRIDGES SAFETY!!!! WHAT IS A BRIDGE? A structure erected over a depression or obstruction such as water that provides a continuous pathway and has a deck for carrying traffic or other loads. WHAT ARE THE THREE CLASSIFICATIONS OF TRAIL BRIDGES? * Complex *Major *Minor Quick Summary so Far This class is only for Minor and Major trail bridges

    28. Bridge Terminology Clear Span – Distance between face of support.

    29. Bridge Orientation Terminology APPROACH DOWNSTREAM RIGHT UPSTREAM LEFT

    30. Span Arrangements • SINGLE or SIMPLE SPAN

    31. Span Arrangements • MULTIPLE SIMPLE SPAN Simple Span – many spans, but each acts independently

    32. Span Arrangements • MULTIPLE CONTINUOUS SPAN Continuous Spans – 1 girder spans across 2 or more supports

    33. Approach Types Gravel and Steps Gravel

    34. Rail System Curbs, rails, posts, and bracing provided for user Safety

    35. Deck The Deck supports loads applied to the bridge

    36. Decking Types & Terms • Wearing Surface • Running plank • Non-skid • Gravel • Planks • Glulam panels • Split logs • Puncheon

    37. Superstructure The Superstructure carries loads from the deck to the substructure.

    38. Superstructure Components Is it a girder or a stringer? • Girders or stringers or beams – main load carrying members • Diaphragms or bridging or cross bracing – provide lateral support to girders (help stabilize the girders) • Backwalls – attached to the ends of the girders or stringers. GLULAM GIRDER LOG STRINGER SAWN BEAM

    39. Superstructure * Diaphragms (*), Bridging, Cross Bracing

    40. Superstructure Log Stringer, aka Footlog

    41. Substructure The Substructure carries loads to the ground

    42. Substructure Types Sills or Ledgers

    43. Substructure Types Cribs and Gabions

    44. Substructure Types Columns, piers, piles, bents

    45. Stream Channel But stream channels may have problem with aggradation, degradation and floating debris. This stream channel is fairly stable

    46. Stream Channel Bank and bank protection, debris in the waterway, streambed movement

    47. Stream Channel Aggradation is the accumulation of sediment in rivers

    48. Stream Channel Degradation is erosion of the streambed

    49. Stream Channel Floating Debris can be trees and/or vegetation

    50. Scour SCOUR is loss of ground support