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The Interview . Those who want to use qualitative methods because they seem easier than statistics are in for a rude awakening (Taylor and Bogan 1994: 53). Four interview situations. Informal interviewing Unstructured interviewing Semistructure interviewing Structured interviewing.

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Presentation Transcript
the interview
The Interview
  • Those who want to use qualitative methods because they seem easier than statistics are in for a rude awakening (Taylor and Bogan 1994: 53).
four interview situations
Four interview situations
  • Informal interviewing
  • Unstructured interviewing
  • Semistructure interviewing
  • Structured interviewing
informal interviewing
Informal interviewing
  • Lack of control
  • Lack of structure
  • Reminder tool
  • Constant jotting
  • To build greater rapport
unstructured interviewing
Unstructured interviewing
  • Minimum control
  • Awareness of both (interviewer and interviewee)
  • Based on clear plan
  • Most widely used in cultural anthropology
usefulness
Usefulness
  • Develop formal guides for semi structure, to learn what questions to include,
  • Building initial rapport: before moving to more formal interviews,
  • Talking to informants who will not tolerate formal interviews
semistructured interviewing
Semistructured interviewing
  • One chance only
  • Based on interview guide
  • When dealing with elite members of a community
structured interviewing
Structured interviewing
  • (uniformity) All informant asked the same questions
  • Explicit set of instructions for interviewers
  • For example: self-administered questionnaires
tape recorder
Tape recorder
  • Use in all situations
  • Different types of transcriptions
  • Not a substitute for note taking
deference and expectancy effects
Deference and expectancy effects
  • 1.when informants tell you what they think you want to know
  • 2. Tendency from experimenters to obtain results they expect
four types of field notes
Four types of field notes
  • Jottings
  • The diary
  • The log
  • Field notes: methodological, descriptive and analytic