THE AIM OF THE PROJECT The main aim of the project is to find new sustainable environmental approaches as ecoremediation method in order to significantly reduce the pollution of the Mediterranean sea and coast, protect the biodiversity, ecosystems and landscape, and create recreational-educational opportunities.
Working with nature to protect the environment LIMNOS Company fo Applied Ecology
ECOREMEDIATION METHODS FOR INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT IN MEDITERRANEAN REGION Dr. Tjaša Bulc Prof.dr. Danijel Vrhovšek
OBJECTIVES • Ecosystems have large buffer, accumulation and decomposition capabilities, and are able to decompose, store and neutralize many pollutants. Therefore, the eco-remediation can contribute to the sustainable management of the environment (especially of waters and coastal areas), as well as to the development of ecosystems and biodiversity.
ECOREMEDIATION • Eco-remediation presents a sustainable use of natural and creation of artificial ecosystems for environmental protection and restoration with a specially importance for the Mediterranean environment, due to its seasonal pollution patterns, and lack of fresh water.
ECOREMEDIATION INCLUDES: • Constructed wetlands • Co-naturally settled wetlands • Vegetation stripes • Buffer zones • Revitalisation of waterstreams, grains, clay pits, channels • Woodland establishment on landfill sites...
THE ROLE OF ECOREMEDIATION They offer efficient protection of the sensitive environment like: • lakes, • watercourses, • groundwater and from the pollution of: • settlements, • landfill sites, • industries, • agricultural run-off • highway run-off
MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF ECOREMEDIATION • Efficient in purification • Simple in concept, inexpensive and easy to place in operation • No mechanical nor electrical equipment is needed • Are easy to maintain with low operation costs • High buffering capacity • Water retention • Are built as a part of the local environment-habitat creation • Biodiversity
DEVELOPMENT PHASES • Survey, prefeasibility studies • Pilot plants or demonstrative systems; • Monitoring and evaluation of the systems; • Optimisation • Implementation.
THE ROLE OF THE PARTICIPANTS • The main role of the participants is the regional coordination, development, optimisation (monitoring) and application of the eco-remediation systems for particular cases in their region, and extending the eco-remediation methods in Mediterranean region. • The project is open for co-operation.
PARTNERS - FUNDS PARTNERS: • BieCo, Rijeka, Croatia • Joanneum Research, Institute of Environmental Geology and Ecosystems Research, Graz, Austria • Univ. of Zagreb, Faculty of Natural Sc. And Mathematics, Dept. of Biology, Zagreb, Croatia • SEM Institute for Climate Change, Izola, Slovenia FUNDS: • Global Water Partnership • EUREKA • Slovenian Ministry of Education, Science and Sport, Slovenian Ministry of Economy
SEARCHED FUNDS • World Bank, Environmental Founds, METAP, REC, EU Investment Bank, 6th FWP, Phare, CBC, Phare Eco-Adria, INCO-Mediteran, Life
EXPECTED RESULTS • The proposed project could contribute to several EU and International conventions [e.g. -Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution (Barcelona Convention) Convention on biological diversity (Río de Janeiro); -Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention); -Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (Bonn Convention); -Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar Convention); -Directive on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora (Habitats Directive)
Limnos – present status From 1989 till 2002 more than 80 ecoremediation systems were designed or constructed in Slovenia, Italy, and Croatia. In Slovenia 28 CWs were constructed for treatment of different kind of wastewaters. Awards: • Lillehammer Award 2001 in EUREKA program for innovative technology • Environmetal technolgy of the year 2001-Slovenia • The ecological product of the year 1995 • SPIM 1993 – Sliver medal for innovation
The proposed technology presents a highly cost-effective solution and one of the most environmentally beneficial and aesthetically pleasing option for rehabilitation of water ecosystems.