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Maine Video Display Terminal Law. Training Program. By the end of this presentation you will be able to:. Identify the elements of the law Identify the training requirements Define ergonomics and its benefits Recognize signs and symptoms of early injury

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maine video display terminal law

MaineVideo Display Terminal Law

Training Program

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by the end of this presentation you will be able to
By the end of this presentation you will be able to:
  • Identify the elements of the law
  • Identify the training requirements
  • Define ergonomics and its benefits
  • Recognize signs and symptoms of early injury
  • Identify work activities that can lead to injury
  • List examples of ergonomic principles that reduce risk of injury

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maine vdt law
Maine VDT Law
  • MRSA Title 26 – Labor and Industry
  • Chapter 5 – Health and Safety Regulations
  • Sections: 251 and 252 – Video Display Operator
  • Effective date: January 1, 1992

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section 251 definitions
Section: 251 Definitions
  • Bureau – Bureau of Labor Standards
  • Employer – Uses 2 or more terminals
  • Operator – Four consecutive hours daily
  • Terminal – Video display terminal

(Does not apply to television, oscilloscopes, cash registers, or money typewriters)

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section 252 education
Section: 252 Education
  • Training requirements
    • Under 5 employees MAY be only written
    • 6 employees or more MUST be oral and written
  • Training schedule
    • Within the first month of hire
    • Annually thereafter

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training program requirements
Training Program Requirements
  • Notification of rights by posting the law and poster that explains these rights and duties in plain language. (available from Bureau of Labor standards – 623-7900)
  • Explanation of the proper use of the terminals
  • Protective measures to avoid symptoms
  • How to achieve and maintain proper posture
  • How to adjust your workstation equipment

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definition of ergonomics
Definition of Ergonomics
  • Ergonomics: It is the science and practice of designing jobs and workplaces to match the capabilities and limitations of the human body.
  • Ergonomics means: fitting the job to the worker.

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benefits of ergonomics
Benefits of Ergonomics
  • Ergonomics helps to prevent injuries
  • Ergonomics has other benefits:
    • Improved quality of work
    • Improved quality of life
    • Reduced fatigue and discomfort

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safety health and the vdt law
Safety, Health and the VDT Law
  • Education on injury prevention is an important part of safety and health
  • There are thousands of injuries, known as WMSD’s, in Maine each year
  • (WMSD: Work-related Musculo-Skeletal Disorders)

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what are work related musculo skeletal disorders wmsd s
What are Work-related Musculo-Skeletal Disorders (WMSD’s)
  • Also known as:
    • Cumulative Trauma Disorders
    • Repetitive Strain Injuries
    • Overuse Injuries
  • Usually develop gradually, but sometimes can appear suddenly
  • Can be serious, if not taken care of early

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what are symptoms of wmsd s
What are Symptoms of WMSD’s?
  • Discomfort, pain, dull ache
  • Decreased range of motion, tightness
  • Numbness, tingling
  • Change of color
  • Swelling of joint or limb
  • Decreased grip strength

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what causes wmsd s
Repetitive motion

Forceful exertion

Awkward posture

Mechanical pressure

Cold temperatures

Stress

Nutritional deficiencies

Poor lighting

Prolonged standing in one place

Sitting (poor posture)

Working with neck flexed

What Causes WMSD’s?

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will it happen to me
Will it happen to me?
  • Age
  • General health
  • Heredity
  • Posture
  • Diet
  • Activities

"Factors"

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wmsd injury depends on
WMSD Injury Depends On!
  • Duration of exposure (how long) – usually need hours of exposure before risk factors become a concern.
  • Frequency of exposure (how often)
  • Intensity of exposure (how much)
  • Combinations of factors

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awkward postures
Awkward Postures

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awkward postures1
Awkward Postures

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awkward postures2
Awkward Postures

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solutions static postures
Solutions: Static Postures
  • Foot rests, shifting weight
  • Well designed, adjustable, supportive seating
  • Work surfaces at appropriate height
  • Change positions frequently
  • Routine stretch breaks

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neutral posture
Neutral Posture
  • Head centered over shoulders
  • 90° angle for arms
  • 90° angle for legs
  • 90° angle for torso

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solutions the chair
Solutions: The Chair
  • The right size
  • Lumbar support
  • Proper height
  • Armrests (removable)
  • Pan
  • Good foundation
  • Adjustable while sitting or seated

Seated neutral posture

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adjustments
Adjustments
  • Backrest
  • Lumbar support
  • Seat
  • Height
  • Foundation
  • Armrest

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armrests
Armrests

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base of chair
5 point suspension

Correct casters

Base of Chair

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shoulders
Shoulders

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solution the monitor
Solution: The Monitor
  • The monitor should be directly in front of you
  • Top of screen should be eye level
  • A copy stand should be adjacent to or in front of the monitor
  • Adjust brightness and contrast

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monitors
Monitors

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options
External keyboard

External mouse

Space saver

Low glare

Options

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monitor riser
Up and back

Down and forward

Up in place

Monitor Riser

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glare
Glare

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placement
Not good

Not good

Placement

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solution the keyboard

OSHA

Solution: The Keyboard
  • Spread keyboard work throughout the day
  • Use macros for common functions
  • Take stretch pauses
  • Improve your posture and move around as much as possible

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keyboard trays
Keyboard Trays

Keyboard swivels

No lever

For curves

Knee clearance

Difficult places

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keyboards
Wrist bent to side

Wrist bent upward

Keyboards

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alternatives
Alternatives

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wrists
Not good

Not good

Wrists

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wrists1
Wrists
  • Good

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compromise
Chair height

Chose right height for the keyboard

Compromise

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mouse pointer
Mouse / Pointer

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alternatives1
Alternatives

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support
Support

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mouse placement
Mouse Placement

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mouse placement1
Mouse Placement

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solution lighting
Solution: Lighting
  • Bright lighting may “wash out” the image making it hard to see which will cause eye fatigue.
  • Lighting should be indirect or “task lighting” should be used to reduce wash out or glare.

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solution glare
Solution: Glare
  • Screen 90o angle to window
  • Drapes or blinds
  • Avoid bright lights
  • Screen hood
  • Walls, work surfaces non-reflective
  • Keep screen clean
  • Adjust color, contrast, and brightness

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solutions workspace and other devices
Solutions: Workspace and Other Devices
  • Workspace
  • Document holders
  • Telephones
  • Stretching
  • Office Environment

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where should it be
Where Should it Be?

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document holders
Document Holders

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choices
Okay

Best

Choices

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telephones
Telephones

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talking
Not good

Very good

Talking

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work area
Work Area

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organizers
Organizers

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organizers1
Organizers

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stretches
Stretches
  • Relieves static posture
  • Keeps fluids circulating
  • Prevents toxins from building up in tissues

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change positions
Change Positions

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office environment
Office Environment

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lighting
Lighting

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stress
Stress

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environment
Air conditioning

Air circulation

Environment

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what can you do
What Can You Do?
  • Recognize and report symptoms
  • Get involved in ergonomics
  • Perform an Ergonomic Risk Assessment

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ergonomic risk assessment
Ergonomic Risk Assessment
  • Identify the Hazards – use the attached checklist.
  • Assess the Risk – how often do you do your job, your health, posture, workstation evaluation (attached).
  • Control the risks – Adjust your workstation to fit your ergonomic needs.

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symptom recognition and reporting
Symptom Recognition and Reporting
  • Report symptoms if:
    • Pain is persistent, severe or worsening
    • Pain radiates
    • Symptoms include numbness or tingling
    • Symptoms keep you from sleeping at night

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why is it important to report symptoms
Why is it Important to Report Symptoms?
  • Chronic symptoms can lead to disabling injuries, even surgery
  • Early treatment is more successful

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work process
Work Process

Even when the workstation design and environmental factors are at their best, a worker can suffer discomfort and injuries from factors related to the work process.

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five key points to remember
Five Key Points to Remember
  • Ergonomics can help you on your job and at home
  • WMSD’s can happen in jobs with risk factors
  • Risk factors can be reduced and WMSD’s prevented
  • Reporting symptoms early is important
  • You can help by following good ergonomic practices

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getting assistance
Getting Assistance
  • Your supervisor
  • MDOL/Bureau of Labor Standards

Telephone No. 623-7900

www.safetyworksmaine.org

Keys to Your Good Work -Publication

  • OSHA –www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/computerworkstations
  • OSHA – www.OSHA.gov

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opinion
Opinion

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opinion1
Opinion

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opinion2
Opinion

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opinion3
Opinion

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opinion4
Opinion

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opinion5
Opinion

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opinion6
Opinion

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opinion7
Opinion

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opinion8
Opinion

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opinion9
Opinion

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